Health consequences of energy choices the energy exercise
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 37

Health Consequences of Energy Choices : The Energy Exercise PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 63 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Health Consequences of Energy Choices : The Energy Exercise. Crispin Pierce, Ph.D. Outline. How do we use energy? How do we classify health consequences from energy use? What sources of energy do we have? Coal Natural gas Diesel and biodiesel Solar Wind Biomass Nuclear Hydroelectric

Download Presentation

Health Consequences of Energy Choices : The Energy Exercise

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Health consequences of energy choices the energy exercise

Health Consequences of Energy Choices: The Energy Exercise

Crispin Pierce, Ph.D.


Outline

Outline

How do we use energy?

How do we classify health consequences from energy use?

What sources of energy do we have?

Coal

Natural gas

Diesel and biodiesel

Solar

Wind

Biomass

Nuclear

Hydroelectric

The Energy Exercise

Questions?


Uses of energy

Uses of Energy

Non-renewable: coal, gas, oil, and nuclear.

Renewable: solar, wind, biomass, biodiesel.

Transportation

Heating

Manufacturing


Health consequences

Health Consequences

TIME

Immediate/short-term (e.g., refinery explosion)

Long-term (e.g., cancer)

REVERSABILITY

Temporary injury (e.g., skin burn from gasoline spill)

Permanent disability (e.g., lung disease from coal plant emissions)

CONTROLABILITY

“Voluntary” (e.g., driving a car)

“Involuntary” (e.g., nuclear plant risk)


Crispin pierce ph d

Coal

Advantages

Large US reserves

Known technology

Potential for lowering mercury emissions.

Health Risks

Acid rain

Mercury in fish

Particulate matter

Global warming

Degraded water quality


Natural gas and oil

Natural Gas and Oil

Advantages:

Known technology

Infrastructure exists

Health Risks

Air pollution (NOx, particulates, CO)

Drilling, piping, and refining effects

Global warming

Natural protection losses

Wars over oil supplies

Photo: EcotechDaily


Diesel and biodiesel

Diesel and Biodiesel

Advantages

Can be less expensive

Biodiesel is renewable

Health Effects

Particulate emissions cause lung disease and cancer

Refining and production job risks

Photo: Thoroughbred Diesel


Nuclear

Nuclear

Advantages

Very low emissions

Relatively safe

Health Effects

Major water needs for cooling

Extremely toxic spent fuel materials cause cancer

Extremely long half-lives of these wastes

Terrorism and war (?)


Crispin pierce ph d

Wind

Advantages

Renewable

Very low impact

Local generation

Health Risks

Bird losses:

Vehicles: 60 - 80 million

Buildings and Windows: 98 - 980 million

Powerlines: tens of thousands - 174 million

Communication Towers: 4 - 50 million

Wind Generation Facilities: 10,000 - 40,000

Installation and operation accidents

Marine mammal disruption from offshore installation and operation


Solar heating

Solar Heating

Advantages

Renewable

Local generation

Low impact

Health Risks

Allergenic molds and fungi

Environmental costs of materials to produce solar systems


Solar photovoltaic

Solar Photovoltaic

Advantages

Renewable

Local generation

Creates electricity

Low impact

Health Effects

Battery production and operation

Semiconductor materials production (production of silicon)

Land space for panels less useful as natural resource


Biomass

Biomass

Advantages

Renewable

Local generation

Simple

Health Risks

Particulates and lung disease

Local deforestation

Agricultural effects: water consumption, runoff, herbicides, pesticides


Hydroelectric

Advantages

Renewable

Regulated supply

Disadvantages

Potential exposure to pathogens

Disruption of natural water filtration

Hydroelectric


Global warming effects

Global Warming Effects

  • Heat deaths (70,000 people died in the summer of 2003).

  • Spread of mosquito, tick and other insect-borne diseases.

  • Increased air pollution death and diseases.

  • Disruption of food production.


Co2 causes global warming

Generate CO2

Coal

Oil

Gas

Waste combustion

Diesel

CO2 Neutral

Biomass

Ethanol

Solar

Wind

Tidal

Geothermal

Nuclear

Biodiesel

CO2 Causes Global Warming


Renewable energy is not risk free

Renewable Energy is Not Risk-Free

  • Health risks from renewable energy sources come from the large amounts of material and labor needed, as well as energy backup and storage requirements.

  • The diagram on the next page represents short- and long-term health risks from different sources of energy. Which sources are most dangerous? Which are safest?


Crispin pierce ph d

Haddad and Dones, IAEA


Crispin pierce ph d

Gohlke et al. (2008)


Energy conservation avoids all these risks

Energy conservation avoids all these risks.

http://www.homesalameda.org/graphics/urban.jpg


The energy exercise

The Energy Exercise

  • Goal: To understand how energy use choices affect our health, finances, and comfort.Setup: Each participant receives ten credits of health, money, and comfort credits.Play: Ten year-round energy “choices” are made.

  • Result: Participants learn about how their choices affect their quality of life.


Crispin pierce ph d

Get your pencil ready! Create three columns with the labels below, starting with ten in each column. As you answer each question on the following pages, add or subtract to each column.


Housing

Housing

Cost


Your yard

Your Yard


Summer heat

Summer Heat


Trips to the cabin

Trips to the Cabin


Travel

Travel


Crispin pierce ph d

Food


Transportation

Transportation


Crispin pierce ph d

Heat


Food choices

Food Choices


Winter sports

Winter Sports


Which category has the highest score

Which category has the highest score?

  • Comfort?

  • Finances?

  • Health?

  • Did you learn about how your choices affect your health (and the health of all of us)?


Summary

Summary

  • All energy sources have health consequences.

  • Coal, oil and gas cause the most death and disability of all energy sources.

  • Renewable energy causes death and disability from the large amounts of material and labor needed, as well as energy backup and storage requirements.


Crispin pierce ph d

  • Energy conservation greatly reduces these health risks.

  • Individual lifestyle choices directly and indirectly impact our health.


Thanks for your attention

Thanks for your Attention!


References

References

Haddad and Dones, IAEA: http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull333/33302041419.pdf

Gohlke et al. (2008):Environ Health Perspect. 2008 June; 116(6): A236–A23, Economy, and Environment: Sustainable Energy Choices for a Nation; Julia M. Gohlke, Sharon H. Hrynkow, and Christopher J. Portier


Contact information

Contact Information

  • Crispin Pierce, PhD

  • [email protected]

  • (715) 836-5589


  • Login