Medical Presentation. Spina Bifida (SPY- na BIF- i - da ) or myelomeningocele (MY-eh-lo-me-NING-oh- seel ) . Spina bifida is one of the most common birth defects that involve the nervous system and it may affect as many as 1 in 800 infants.
Spina bifida is one of the most common birth defects that involve the nervous system and it may affect as many as 1 in 800 infants.
Yet the cause of Spina Bifida is still unknown.
Spina bifida is a birth defect that involves the incomplete development of the spinal cord or its coverings. The term spina bifida comes from Latin and literally means "split" or "open" spine.
Date updated: February 20, 2008 Content provided by KidsHealth
At about the 5th week in the pregnancy the embryo’s distinct shape begins to form. The early stage of the development of the heart is seen, and the neural tube, which will eventually form into the spinal cord and brain, runs from the top to the bottom of the embryo.
The neural tube is the part of a developing fetus that grows into the spinal cord and brain. Normally, the bones of the skull and spine grow around the brain and spinal cord, and then skin covers the bones, creating the neural tube.
Spina bifida occurs when the two sides of the embryo's spine fail to join together, leaving an open area.
This is called neural tube defect, or NDT.
A neural tube defect (NTD) is a birth defect that occurs when the spine, the brain, or the bone and skin that protect them do not develop properly.
Spina bifida is the most common type of neural tube defect.
Anencephaly is another type of NTD.
Occulta : the mildest form of spina bifida (occulta means hidden). Most children with this type of defect never have any health problems. The spinal cord is often unaffected.
Manifesta: includes two types of spina bifida, meningocele and myelomeningocele.
Because of the abnormal development of and damage to the spinal cord, a child with the myelomeningocele form of spina bifida typically has some paralysis. The degree of paralysis largely depends on where the opening occurs in the spine. The higher the opening is on the back, the more severe the paralysis tends to be.
Folateis a B vitamin which is found naturally in leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, beans, and whole grains. Folate and folic acid are interchangeable terms; folic acid is the synthetic form of folate.
Scientists are in general agreement that folic acid reduces the risk of neural tube defects.
“Maternal folic acid deficiency has also been linked to spina bifida, and researchersbelieve that many cases of spina bifida could be prevented if women of childbearing age consume 0.4 milligrams (400 micrograms) of folic acidevery day, and continue to take it throughout the first trimester.
According to an article from HealthDay News
“Men with relatively low levels of folate had increased risks for sperm containing either too few or too many chromosomes, according to researchers at the University of California, Berkeley. These types of deficiencies can cause birth defects and miscarriages, the experts noted.”
Doernbecher Children's HospitalHere in Oregon…………….Spina Bifida ClinicClinic activities include prevention through case finding, diagnosis, and evaluation. The team makes recommendations to primary care physicians regarding intervention, long term management, and coordination of care.The program primarily serves children and young adults from birth through age 21. However, people with neural tube defects may be referred to the program at any age. The program counsels families who have had a prenatal diagnosis of neural tube defect to help prepare the family for delivery, infant care, and ongoing management.
Jean Driscoll, Olympian
Hank Williams Jr.
John Cougar Mellencamp
Just to name a few.
There is support right now for people with Spina Bifida, and a future for them, because of the research going on that is trying to solve the handicap issues they face. Go to the following web site to find out more information.
W W W . S B A A . O R G
Paramedic Care, Principles & Practice, 2nd Edition, vol.3 & 5