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James Darcy ACAPs workshop on multi-sectoral assessment Revinge, Sweden May 2010 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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James Darcy ACAPs workshop on multi-sectoral assessment Revinge, Sweden May 2010. Needs assessment and decision-making. 3 functions of assessment. to inform organisational decisions about response, throughout the life of a programme

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James Darcy ACAPs workshop on multi-sectoral assessment Revinge, Sweden May 2010

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James darcy acaps workshop on multi sectoral assessment revinge sweden may 2010

James Darcy

ACAPs workshop on multi-sectoral assessment

Revinge, Sweden

May 2010

Needs assessment and decision-making


3 functions of assessment

3 functions of assessment

  • to inform organisational decisions about response, throughout the life of a programme

  • to influence others’ decisions (including donors and host governments)

  • to justify response decisions and appeals for funds (& provide baseline for impact assessment)


Context for this discussion

Context for this discussion

  • Perceived credibility gap

  • Donors’ own assessments (DART etc)

  • Push for more joined-up, better prioritised response (how exactly does JNA help with this?)

  • Political resistance in country

  • Fragmentation and discontinuity in diagnostic processes (assessment, monitoring, evaluation)

  • Misunderstanding (mis-portrayal?) of the role of aid


Issues arising with multi sector assessment

Issues arising with multi-sector assessment

Form should follow function. So... what is the purpose of multi-sector assessment? What is its utility? (Compare JNA, MSA, etc)

  • Issues arising:

    • Conceptual

    • Methodological

    • Process

    • Operational


Mapping the evolution of a crisis

Mapping the evolution of a crisis

1

Severity

C

‘Crisis’ threshold

B

D

A

Time


James darcy acaps workshop on multi sectoral assessment revinge sweden may 2010

Needs-based decision-making

‘Need’ is not a precisely definable or measurable quantity, and needs assessment is not an exact science: it involves estimation, interpretation and judgement, as well as measurement, observation and analysis.

Decision-making, similarly, involves judgement and the weighing of multiple factors. The question is what constitutes a sufficiently well-informed decision, and how to ensure that decisions are adequately informed by good needs analysis.


What types of decision at what level

What types of decision? At what level?

  • Strategic decisions about whether and how to respond – or to change a response – scale, role

  • Programmedesign decisions (sectoral approach etc)

  • Resource allocation decisions: What resources ($, people etc) to allocate and how to allocate them (cp macro and micro resource allocation)

  • Tactical/operational decisions

    Levels of decision:

    (i) Within organisations: HQ, regional, national, local

    (ii) System-wide or inter-organisational


James darcy acaps workshop on multi sectoral assessment revinge sweden may 2010

Implementation

UN agencies

Crisis-affectedcommunities

Red Cross/ Crescent

Movement

STATE

National & local

government

+ agents

  • Non-state actors

  • Civil society: NGOs etc

  • - Other

International NGOs

Who is making the decisions…?

INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN ‘SYSTEM’

CRISIS CONTEXTS

Finance

International donor governments

(humanitarian ODA)

National and regional offices

Common Funds

Governance and Coordination

Private individuals

Corporate etc


James darcy acaps workshop on multi sectoral assessment revinge sweden may 2010

Linking assessment and response 1: getting to a programme

Pre-crisis

Information (baselines, livelihoods etc)

Early Warning

Surveillance

Monitoring

Situational analysis tools (social, economic, political, + sector specific: epidemiological, etc.)

Response analysis tools

(best practice, standards & protocols, evaluations, etc.)

Response analysis

(Design, resourcerequirements)

Assessment

Programme design

  • Other factors:

  • Organisational policy

  • Resource availability

  • Added value

  • Politics

  • Etc.

Response Decision

Costed Programme

Situational analysis

Response analysis

Situational analysis

(Need/risk, vulnerability, capacities)


James darcy acaps workshop on multi sectoral assessment revinge sweden may 2010

Caseload determination

Linking assessment and response decisions 2: getting to a number

EWS, vulnerability mapping, surveillance, scenario planning

Donor assessments

Population affected

International appeal

Donor resource allocation

Situational Assessments

Groups at most risk

Proposed interventions: programme design

Operational

& work plans

National

government

Information systems

Programme implementation

Situational analysis

Calculation of resource requirement

Response analysis

Agency

Proposal


Different levels of analysis information need

Different levels of analysis & information need

  • Health cluster example

  • Compare:

  • Overall health sector

  • Sub-categories: resource availability, service coverage, risk factors, outcomes

  • Detailed indicators

  • Who needs which level of analysis?


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