Objective recognize the role of pharaoh and how the culture would allow a female pharaoh
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Objective: recognize the role of Pharaoh, and how the culture would allow a female Pharaoh . 3-4 . Schedule . Role of Pharaoh Female Pharaohs What Would you do Create a Tweet Favorites posted online . Reasons for a Pharaoh. Leader who controlled the Nile Upper and Lower Egypt

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Objective: recognize the role of Pharaoh, and how the culture would allow a female Pharaoh

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Objective: recognize the role of Pharaoh, and how the culture would allow a female Pharaoh

3-4


Schedule

  • Role of Pharaoh

  • Female Pharaohs

  • What Would you do

  • Create a Tweet

    • Favorites posted online


Reasons for a Pharaoh

  • Leader who controlled the Nile

  • Upper and Lower Egypt

  • Strong central government

    • Pattern of Civilization


Devine Ruling

  • Cult of the Pharaoh

    • Religion and government

  • Maat- creator goddess

  • Shemet- warrior goddess


Government Division

  • Country divided into Noms

  • Noms governed by Nomarchs (governors)

    • Moved from location to location

    • No close ties


Egyptian Kingdoms

  • Old Kingdom

  • Middle Kingdom

  • New Kingdom


The Role of Pharaoh

  • More than priest-king

  • Upholder of Maat, the universal order

  • Watched over the courts

  • Chief of temples

  • Controlled trade expeditions

  • Supervised water system

  • Stored grain


Women in Egypt

Enjoyed levels of freedom unknown in the ancient world

freedom to rule as pharaoh

Women allowed to own property


Female Pharaohs

  • Hatshepsut

    • Heiress queen

      • Power in default of male claimants to the throne

      • Know temples dedicated to the gods

  • Nefertiti

    • Coregent

    • Masculinization of image

  • Tausert

    • Wife of reigning king

    • Regent for stepson

    • Rule

  • Ptolemy, Cleopatra

    • Coregent with brother


Why the beards

  • Beard connected with the gods, a divine god-king

  • Beards of formal occasions

  • Hatshepsut with a beard


What Would You Do?

  • Your regional Governor is not obeying you.


Pharaoh’s Response

  • Your regional governor is not obeying you.

    • Punish them, dungeons

    • Move them frequently


You have a daughter, but no son and are about to die.


You have a daughter, but no son and are about to die.

  • Pharaoh’s response

    • Marry her to a family member

    • Marry her to a trusted official

    • Marry her yourself and co-rule until you die


You have just come into control of Egypt as the Hyksos or Greeks.


You have just come into control of Egypt as the Hyksos or Greeks.

  • Pharaoh’s response:

    • Take on the role of Pharaoh to ensure control of the vast nation


An ancestor has ruled well, you want to ride their coat-tails


An ancestor has ruled well, you want to ride their coat-tails.

  • Rename yourself

    • Neferkare I

    • Neferkare II

    • Neferkare III Nebi

    • Neferkare IV Kiendu

    • Neferkare V Tereru

    • Neferkare VI Pepytereb


There is a lack of water and food because of a low flood.


There is a lack of water and food because of a low flood.

  • Hand out reserves of food

  • Increase payment of food taxes

  • Decrease food handed out


You would like to pass on the dynasty smoothly to a son too young to rule.


You would like to pass on the dynasty smoothly to a son too young to rule.

  • Pharaoh’s response:

    • Have the mother serve as regent until son is old enough to rule


Closing

  • Compose a tweet in which you describe the hopes you have in the ascendency of a new female pharaoh.

    • 140 characters,

      • how she came to be ruler, how she will rule


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