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Newton’s First Law of Motion PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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“ I. Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it.”. Newton’s First Law of Motion. Newton’s First Law of Motion. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Newton’s Third Law of Motion.

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Newton’s First Law of Motion

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Newton s first law of motion

“I. Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is applied to it.”

  • Newton’s First Law of Motion

Newton’s First Law of Motion


Newton s first law of motion

For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

Newton’s Third Law of Motion


Newton s first law of motion

The acceleration of gravity in a vaccum is 9.8 m/s^2


Newton s first law of motion

The pancreas secretes insulin which regulates the blood sugar level in the body.


Newton s first law of motion

All humans are endowed with certain inalienable rights: life, liberty, pursuit of happiness


English bill of rights 1689

English Bill of Rights (1689)

1. That the pretended power of suspending the laws or the execution of laws by regal authority without consent of Parliament is illegal;

4. That levying money for or to the use of the Crown, without grant of Parliament, is illegal;

5. That it is the right of the subjects to petition the king,


English bill of rights 16891

6. That the raising or keeping a standing army within the kingdom in time of peace, unless it be with consent of Parliament, is against law;

English Bill of Rights (1689)

9. That the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament;

10. That excessive bail ought not to be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted;


Newton s first law of motion

John Locke (1632-1704)

John Locke (1632-1704)


Newton s first law of motion

A Salon of the Enlightenment


Newton s first law of motion

Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755)

Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755)


Newton s first law of motion

Voltaire (1694-1778)


Newton s first law of motion

Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)


The french revolution 1789 1799

The French Revolution 1789-1799


Newton s first law of motion

Louis XIV: “The Sun King” (1638-1715)


Newton s first law of motion

Louis XV “Le Bien Aime” (r. 1723-1774)


Newton s first law of motion

The French and Indian War was a

great financial and territorial loss

for France


Newton s first law of motion

The American War for Independence inspired

French Revolutionaries


Newton s first law of motion

Louis XVI (r. 1774-1792)


Newton s first law of motion

The first revolt: The Nobility rejects Calonne’s Assembly of Notables


Cahiers of carcassone

Cahiers of Carcassone

2. Nevertheless the civil rights of those of the king's subjects who are not Catholics should be confirmed, and they should be admitted to positions and offices in the public administration, without however extending this privilege - which reason and humanity alike demand for them - to judicial or police functions or to those of public instruction.


Cahiers

Cahiers

7. The rights which have just been restored to the nation should be consecrated as fundamental principles of the monarchy, and their perpetual and unalterable enjoyment should be assured by a solemn law, which should so define the rights both of the monarch and of the people that their violation shall hereafter be impossible.


Cahiers1

Cahiers

8. Among these rights the following should be especially noted: the nation should hereafter be subject only to such laws and taxes as it shall itself freely ratify.

9. The meetings of the Estates General of the kingdom should be fixed for definite periods


Cahiers2

Cahiers

10. In order to assure to the third estate the influence to which it is entitled in view of the number of its members, the amount of its contributions to the public treasury, and the manifold interests which it has to defend or promote in the national assemblies, its votes in the assembly should be taken and counted by head.


Cahiers3

Cahiers

13. Since individual liberty is intimately associated with national liberty, his Majesty is hereby petitioned not to permit that it be hereafter interfered with by arbitrary orders for imprisonment. . .

14. Freedom should be granted also to the press, which should however be subjected, by means of strict regulations to the principles of religion, morality, and public decency. .


Newton s first law of motion

The second revolt: The Third Estate takes the Oath of the Tennis Court, June 20, 1789


Newton s first law of motion

The third revolt: Parisian Sans Culottes seize the Bastille, July 14, 1789


Newton s first law of motion

The fourth revolt: The peasants overthrow the nobility


Events of summer 1789

Events of Summer 1789

  • Third Estate becomes National Assembly

  • “Great Fear” grips the countryside—true social revolution

  • NA abolishes feudalism Aug. 4, 1789

  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen—Aug. 26, 1789


Newton s first law of motion

The Women’s March on Versailles, October 5-6, 1789


Newton s first law of motion

The Execution of Louis XVI (January 21, 1793)


Newton s first law of motion

Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794)


Newton s first law of motion

The Reign of Terror (1793-1794)


La marseillaise

Arise children of the fatherlandThe day of glory has arrivedAgainst us tyranny'sBloody standard is raisedListen to the sound in the fieldsThe howling of these fearsome soldiersThey are coming into our midstTo cut the throats of your sons and consorts

To arms citizens Form your battalionsMarch, marchLet impure bloodWater our furrows

La Marseillaise


Newton s first law of motion

Napoleon Bonaparte seizes power, 18th of Brumaire


Causes and agents of revolution

Louis XIV, XV, XVI

Enlightenment

French/Indian War 1756-63

American Revolution

Taxes

Crop failures

Calonne

Nobility revolts against Assembly of Notables

Third Estate

Abbe Sieyes

Sans Culottes

Peasantry

National Assembly

Causes and Agents of Revolution


Effects outcomes of french revolution

Effects/Outcomes of French Revolution

  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

  • End of Feudalism

  • End of French Monarchy

  • Church weakened

  • Nobility declines

  • France made a Republic

  • Bourgeoisie in power?

  • Napoleon Bonaparte becomes Emperor


The mexican war for independence

The Mexican War for Independence


Newton s first law of motion

Charles III enacted the Bourbon Reforms

(r. 1759-1788)


Newton s first law of motion

Jose de Galvez carried out the Bourbon Reforms in New Spain


Newton s first law of motion

Napoleon as Romantic Hero: David’s Napoleon Crossing the Alps (1800)


Newton s first law of motion

Joseph “Botillas” Bonaparte:

Ruler of Spain (1808-1813)


Newton s first law of motion

Don Miguel Hidalgo: Began Mexico’s Struggle for Independence, Sept. 16, 1810


Newton s first law of motion

Father Jose Maria Morelos (1765-1815)


Newton s first law of motion

Agustin de Iturbide: First Emperor of Mexico

(r. 1821-22)


Newton s first law of motion

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna: President of Mexico (off and on) 1833-1855


Causes of the mexican war for independence

Causes of the Mexican War for Independence

  • Bourbon Reforms (1760-1800)

    • Alcabala (sales tax)

    • Royal Monopolies on liquor, stamps, salt, mercury

    • Increasing numbers of Peninsulare administrators

    • Greater presence of royal military

  • Social/Ethnic hierarchy stifled advancement of mestizoes, Native Americans and enslaved persons

  • Unequal relationship between mother country and colony


Agents of war for independence

Agents of War for Independence

  • Father Miguel Hidalgo—Grito de Dolores

    • Father Jose Maria Morelos

    • Mestizo followers

    • Virgine de Guadalupe?

  • Napoleon Bonaparte

  • Agustin de Iturbide


Results

Results

  • Violent oppression of Hidalgo’s revolt by criollo military

  • Iturbide’s “top down” revolution in 1821

  • “Age of Caudillos” (1822-1870s)

  • La Riforma tries to break power of caudillos

  • Emperor Maximilien I

  • Porfirio Diaz “El Presidente” (1876-1910)


Newton s first law of motion

Benito Juarez: President in 1861 and leader of the Liberal Reforma


Newton s first law of motion

Porfirio Diaz: “Effective Suffrage, no re-election!” ruled Mexico 1876-1910


Newton s first law of motion

Francisco Madero: Coahuila Intellectual turned Revolutionary


Newton s first law of motion

Pres. William Howard Taft, a Progressive Republican, threw US support to Madero


Newton s first law of motion

Pancho Villa: Populist Gaucho Rebel from Chihuahua


Newton s first law of motion

Emiliano Zapata: Populist Rebel from the South (Morelos)


Newton s first law of motion

Victoriano Huerta: Former Diaz Military Leader turned Madero strongman


Newton s first law of motion

Venustiano Carranza: Norteno Revolutionary from Coahuila


Newton s first law of motion

Pres. Woodrow Wilson, a Progressive Democrat, threw US support to Carranza


Newton s first law of motion

Alvaro Obregon: Former Carranza General turned Presidente in 1920--brought peace to Mexico


Newton s first law of motion

Jose Vasconcelos: Mexico’s First Minister of Public Education


Causes of mexican revolution 1910 1920

Causes of Mexican Revolution 1910-1920

  • Persistence of Colonial Inequalities

  • Caudillos—Santa Anna

    • Loses Texas

    • Loses ‘Far North’=US Southwest

  • La Riforma —Benito Juarez

  • Foreign Invasion-Maximilien I

  • Porfirio Diaz, pres. 1876-1910

  • Creelman Interview, 1908


Agents of the mexican revolution

Agents of the Mexican Revolution

  • Creelman Interview

  • Porfirio Diaz

  • Francisco Madero

  • Huerta

  • Pancho Villa

  • Emiliano Zapata

  • Venustiano Carranza

  • peones


Outcomes of mexican revolution

Outcomes of Mexican Revolution

  • Chaos and disorder

  • V. Carranza becomes president

  • Mexican Constitution of 1917

  • Land reform but not until 1930s

  • Further conflicts over religion

  • Later on ejidos are privatized in 1980s—repeal of reform?


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