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Impact of Modernization on Polity. “That institution in society that arranges for the distribution of power .”. Power & Authority. Max Weber Power The ability to have one’s own will prevail, even in the face of opposition from others Authority Legitimate power Consent of the governed.

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Impact of modernization on polity

Impact of Modernization on Polity

“That institution in society that arranges for the distribution of power.”


Power authority
Power & Authority

  • Max Weber

    • Power

      • The ability to have one’s own will prevail, even in the face of opposition from others

    • Authority

      • Legitimate power

      • Consent of the governed


Power authority1
Power & Authority

  • Types of Authority (Weber)

    • Charismatic

      • Unique personal power of exceptional individuals

    • Traditional

      • Received from the past

      • Conferred by birthright or higher authority

      • Often unlimited

    • Rational-Legal (dominant in modern world)

      • Incumbent in the office, not the person


Power authority2
Power & Authority

  • Power by law v. tradition

  • Restricted by explicit, universal, impersonal rules

  • To what do people consent?


  • From feudalism to the nation state
    From Feudalism to the Nation-State

    • Feudalism (Traditional authority)

      • Kingdoms v. nations

      • Areas of land controlled by royalty

      • Territories awarded to princes/vassals

        • Fiefdoms

        • In exchange for oath of loyalty to monarch

      • Princes organized armies

        • Divide up territory among serfs

        • Oath of loyalty


    From feudalism to the nation state1
    From Feudalism to the Nation-State

    • System was legitimated by divine right of kings

      • Power "granted by God"

      • Heirs, blood-lines

      • Majority of people

        • No voice

        • No mobility

    • Political Revolutions of late 18th century

      • Revolt against feudalism


    From feudalism to the nation state2
    From Feudalism to the Nation-State

    • Replaced by the nation-state

      • Nation: geographically and politically bounded territory

      • state: organized apparatus of government within that territory

  • Rational-legal authority: the state

    • State: governing body made up of either individuals themselves or their elected representatives

    • State embodies, carries out, "will of the people“

      • Power is in the office, not the person

      • Universalistic criteria for advancement

      • Impersonal use of the office


  • From feudalism to the nation state3
    From Feudalism to the Nation-State

    • The state is a bureaucratic organization

      • Tool for efficient accomplishment of politically related tasks

    • How should the state be run?

      • Determined by parties: “groups of people organized to seize the power of the state”

    • Types of Democracy

      • Direct

        • Parties are weak

      • Representative

        • Too many people, society too complex


    From feudalism to the nation state4
    From Feudalism to the Nation-State

    • Political parties become important

    • Candidates must organize & motivate people to vote for them

  • “Pluralistic” Democracy

    • Organizations represent the people’s interests

      • Lobbies

      • PACs


  • Who has power
    Who Has Power?

    • Debate

      • C. Wright Mills: The Power Elite

        • Small group has power

          • Military

          • Economy

          • Government

        • Dwight Eisenhower: Military-industrial complex

      • Robert Dahl: power is pluralistic

        • All interests have a voice

    • Dominant trends

      • Declining political participation


    Who has power1
    Who Has Power?

    • Increasing political alienation

  • Mills or Dahl?


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