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Impact of Modernization on Polity. “That institution in society that arranges for the distribution of power .”. Power & Authority. Max Weber Power The ability to have one’s own will prevail, even in the face of opposition from others Authority Legitimate power Consent of the governed.

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impact of modernization on polity

Impact of Modernization on Polity

“That institution in society that arranges for the distribution of power.”

power authority
Power & Authority
  • Max Weber
    • Power
      • The ability to have one’s own will prevail, even in the face of opposition from others
    • Authority
      • Legitimate power
      • Consent of the governed
power authority1
Power & Authority
  • Types of Authority (Weber)
    • Charismatic
      • Unique personal power of exceptional individuals
    • Traditional
      • Received from the past
      • Conferred by birthright or higher authority
      • Often unlimited
    • Rational-Legal (dominant in modern world)
      • Incumbent in the office, not the person
power authority2
Power & Authority
    • Power by law v. tradition
    • Restricted by explicit, universal, impersonal rules
  • To what do people consent?
from feudalism to the nation state
From Feudalism to the Nation-State
  • Feudalism (Traditional authority)
    • Kingdoms v. nations
    • Areas of land controlled by royalty
    • Territories awarded to princes/vassals
      • Fiefdoms
      • In exchange for oath of loyalty to monarch
    • Princes organized armies
      • Divide up territory among serfs
      • Oath of loyalty
from feudalism to the nation state1
From Feudalism to the Nation-State
  • System was legitimated by divine right of kings
    • Power "granted by God"
    • Heirs, blood-lines
    • Majority of people
      • No voice
      • No mobility
  • Political Revolutions of late 18th century
    • Revolt against feudalism
from feudalism to the nation state2
From Feudalism to the Nation-State
    • Replaced by the nation-state
      • Nation: geographically and politically bounded territory
      • state: organized apparatus of government within that territory
  • Rational-legal authority: the state
    • State: governing body made up of either individuals themselves or their elected representatives
    • State embodies, carries out, "will of the people“
      • Power is in the office, not the person
      • Universalistic criteria for advancement
      • Impersonal use of the office
from feudalism to the nation state3
From Feudalism to the Nation-State
  • The state is a bureaucratic organization
    • Tool for efficient accomplishment of politically related tasks
  • How should the state be run?
    • Determined by parties: “groups of people organized to seize the power of the state”
  • Types of Democracy
    • Direct
      • Parties are weak
    • Representative
      • Too many people, society too complex
from feudalism to the nation state4
From Feudalism to the Nation-State
    • Political parties become important
    • Candidates must organize & motivate people to vote for them
  • “Pluralistic” Democracy
    • Organizations represent the people’s interests
      • Lobbies
      • PACs
who has power
Who Has Power?
  • Debate
    • C. Wright Mills: The Power Elite
      • Small group has power
        • Military
        • Economy
        • Government
      • Dwight Eisenhower: Military-industrial complex
    • Robert Dahl: power is pluralistic
      • All interests have a voice
  • Dominant trends
    • Declining political participation
who has power1
Who Has Power?
    • Increasing political alienation
  • Mills or Dahl?
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