First aid
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First Aid. ?. First Aid. First aid is a __________form of _____ given to someone who suddenly _______ or ___________ before a doctor can be found. Often the ______ or ______ is not_______, but there are other times when giving first aid quickly can save lives. temporary. help. falls ill.

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First Aid

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First aid

First Aid


First aid

?

First Aid

First aidis a __________form of _____ given to someone who suddenly _______ or ___________ before a doctor can be found. Often the ______ or ______ is not_______, but there are othertimes when giving first aid quickly can save lives .

temporary

help

falls ill

gets injured

illness

injury

serious


First aid

Firstaidquiz

1

In a medical emergency in China, what

telephone number would you call?

A. 110 B. 114 C. 119D. 120

2

Which organization has a close relationship with First aid?

A. World Health Organization

B. Red Cross Organization

C. World Youth Organization

D. World Trade Organization


First aid

Firstaidquiz

3

Which person would you help first?

A. Li Yan who has cut her foot on glass

B. Xue Jin who has a bloody nose

C. Gao Yuan who is on the ground not

breathing

D. Wang Feng who has broken her arm


First aid

Firstaidquiz

4

  • What should the first step be when you carry out rescue breathing?

  • clear the airway

  • B. Check the pulse

  • C. blow into the victim’s mouth

  • D. check for breathing


First aid

Firstaidquiz

5

When you are carrying out rescue

breathing, where do you check for

a pulse?

A. the neck

B. the wrist

C. the foot

D. the chest


First aid

Firstaidquiz

6

When carrying out rescue breathing,

how many times a minute should you

blow air into the victim’s mouth?

A. 4 B. 8 C. 15 D. 20


First aid

Firstaidquiz

7

How would you stop severe bleeding?

A. cover the wound with plastic

B. wash the wound

C. do nothing as the

bleeding will stop

by itself

D. put a bandage over

the wound and then

press on it


First aid

Firstaidquiz

8

  • If your friend sprained his ankle, what should he do?

  • take off his shoe

  • keep walking around

  • put his foot up on a chair and then put warm clothes on his ankle

  • put his foot up on a chair and then put an ice pack on his ankle


First aid

Firstaidquiz

9

A friend is choking on a piece of food and is coughing badly. What should you do?

A. nothing

B. have her lie down and rest

C. carry out rescue breathing

D. slap her four or five times

on her back

×

You would slap her between the shoulder blades(肩胛) if she couldn’t cough or speak.


First aid

Firstaidquiz

10

If a friend has a nosebleed, what

should she do?

A. pinch her nose and jump up and down

B. lie down and pinch her nose

C. sit down and bend her head forward

and pinch her nose

D. sit down and bend her

head backward and

pinch her nose

×


First aid

Firstaidquiz

11

What items should be put in a first aid kit? (more than one answer)

A. bandages

B. ice pack

C. medical cotton

D. medical alcohol

E. tape

____________________

(绷带)

(冰袋)

(药用棉花)

(药用酒精)

(胶带)

A B C D E


First aid

Tips for first aid:

1) First aid should be given timely!

2) First aid should be given properly!


First aid

General description of first aid

Choking

Cuts

Nosebleed

Sprain


First aid

Pre-reading

for burns

First Aid


First aid

  • What has happened to the little girl?

  • What kind of first aid would you perform in this situation?


First aid

In which order are these topics covered in the text? Number them from 1 to 5.(P35)

____ the three types of burns

____ what to do if someone gets burned

____ the functions of skin

____ the symptoms of burns

____ how we get burns

  • Skimming

3

5

1

4

2


First aid

  • Scanning


Information about skin

1.the functions of the skin

Information about skin

  • Our body’s largest organ:_______

  • We have ________ layers of the skin.

  • It acts as a ________ against disease, ______

    and the sun’s harmful _______ .

    4. Your skin keeps you ______ or ______.

    5. It prevents your body from ______ ______ _______ ________.

    6. It gives you your sense of _____ .

skin

three

barrier

poisons

rays

cool

warm

losing

too

much

water

touch

complex

The functions of our skin are very __________.


First aid

2.how we get burns

Causes of burns:

________ _______ ________ _______ ______ ________ and ________

hot liquids

steam

fire

radiation

the sun

electricity

chemicals

a variety of things

various things


First aid

3.the types of burns

Burns are divided into three degrees according

to ___________.

A. the degree of pain

B. the causes of burns

C. the layer of the skin that is burned

D. the color of the skin


First aid

4. the symptoms of burns


First aid

Characteristics

Symptoms

  • ______ swollen and painful

  • Turn white when ________

  • ______ surface

  • _________ painful

    ______ under them often can be seen.

    little or no pain

A

B

C

mildly

Types of burns

  • First degree burns

  • Second degree burns

  • Third degree burns

pressed

watery

extremely

tissue


First aid

5.Treatment

scissors

Remove

  • _______ Clothing using _______

  • ______ other clothing and jewellery near the burns.

  • ______ the burns with cool water.

  • ______ cool, clean wet cloths on the burns.

  • ______ the burned area gently. Do not ____

  • ______ the burned area with a dry, clean bandage.

  • ______ the burned area ______ than the heart, if possible.

  • ______ the victim ____the doctor or hospital, if possible.

Take off

Cool

Place

rub

Dry

Cover

higher

Keep

to

Get


Challenge your memory

Challenge your memory

  • Remove clothing using scissors.

  • Take off other clothing and jewellery near the burns.

  • Cool the burns with running water.

  • Place cool, clean wet cloths on the burns.

  • Dry the burned area gently. Do not rub.

  • Cover the burned area with a dry, clean bandage.

  • Keep the burned area higher than the heart, if possible.

  • Get the victim to the doctor or hospital, if possible.


First aid

First aid treatment step by step

A

B

dry

cool

4

2

E

D

remove

get…to

C

F

place

cover

1

3

6

5

Mary’s left foot gets a second degree burn with her trousers on.


First aid

Is the first aid given properly ?

  • To cool the burn, I put a piece of ice on it.

  • 2. To dry the burned area, I rub it with a clean cloth.

  • 3. To keep the bandage in place, I wrap it tightly around Mary’s foot.

  • 4. To prevent the bandage from sticking to the skin, I put some oil on the burn.


Read the first aid treatment for these burns

Read the first aid treatment for these burns.

Read the first aid treatments for these burns. If the treatment is right, writes R in the brackets. If it is wrong, write W in the brackets and explain why. Then give the correct treatment.

1.      Sam knocked over a kettle full of boiling water onto his legs. His legs became red, swollen and covered with blisters. Sam broke the blisters and poured icy water from the fridge onto the skin. ( )

2.     While ironing clothes, Miss Good accidentally touched the iron. Her wrist blistered and became watery. It hurt a lot. She put her wrist under the cold water tap and then kept placing cool, clean, damp cloths on it until it was less painful. Then she went to see the doctor. ( )

W

R


First aid

 3 .   Mrs Casey’s sleeve caught fire while she was cooking. Her arm looked terrible but it didn’t hurt. The skin was charred. Her husband took off her blouse and picked offbits of the blouse stuck to the burn. He then placed butter on the burn and covered it with a wet bandage. ( )

 4 . After an hour in the sun, Lily noticed her arms were red and hurt a bit. She went home and put them under cool running water. ( )

W

R


Summary

First Aid for Burns

Summary

hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation, the sun, electricity chemicals

First degree burns

Second degree

Third degree

dry, red ,swollen

rough, red, swollen, blisters, watery surface

black and white and charred, swollen,

1. remove clothing; 2. cool burns with cool water; (don’t put cold water on third degree burns) 3. first’—place cool, clean, wet cloths on them; second’—keep cloths cool…


First aid

first aid treatment

1.Take clothing off the burned area

1.Do not put cold water on third degree burns

2.Place burns under gently running water for about 10 minutes

3.Place cool, clean, wet cloths on the first burns

2.Do not rub the burned area.

4. For second degree burns ,keep cloths cool by putting them back in the cold water; squeezing them out and placing them on the burned area over and over again for about an hour until the pain is not so bad.

3.Never put butter, oil or ointments on burns

5.Keep them higher than the heart if burns are on arms or legs


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