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# Science Fair Project PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Science Fair Project. Mr. Gott. Problem Statement. This is the question you want answered. It should be written as a question. Example: Do plants grow better with fertilizer?. Background Information. Ok so you’ve come up with an idea…but is it worth doing a whole project on it?

Science Fair Project

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## Science Fair Project

Mr. Gott

### Problem Statement

• This is the question you want answered. It should be written as a question.

• Example: Do plants grow better with fertilizer?

### Background Information

• Ok so you’ve come up with an idea…but is it worth doing a whole project on it?

• This is where research comes in…

• Scholarly books, articles and websites

• Search Engine vs. Website

• If you can back it up, you can do it!

• This is in paragraph form

### Hypothesis:

• It should be written as an if/then statement.

• Example: If fertilizer is added to lima bean plants then the fertilized plants will grow larger than lima bean plants without fertilizer.

### Experimental Design

• How are you going to do this?

• Plan out your experiment: How much time do you need? How much material does it require? Can you put this together?

### Variables and Controls

• Identify the following in your experiment:

• Independent variable: This is the variable you change in your experiment

• Example: adding fertilizer to lima beans

• Dependent variable: This is the variable that changes because of the RESULTS of your experiment.

• Example: the height of the lima bean plants

• Control: This is the group without an independent variable

• Example: the plants without fertilizer

• Constants: Everything that you intentionally did not change as part of your experiment

• Example: Sunshine, water, soil, time of day, etc.

*Listed on power point*

### Experimentation

• You picked a topic, you’ve got your idea and you can test it…Great, now actually do it!!!

• Remember you have to have at least 3 trials…you don’t just do the experiment once!

• The three trials can be shown in pictures or in charts

### Materials

• This is a list of all the materials you used in your experiment

### Data

• Once you do your experiment remember to write down your findings: Journal, Chart, Data table – there are your rough notes; For Example:

• 11/15/04

• Control Plant 7.4 mm

• Test Plant 16.2 mm

• Test Plant 24.9 mm

• Test Plant 37.2 mm

• 11/22/04

• Control Plant 7.8 mm

• Test Plant 15.9 mm

• Test Plant 23.2 mm

• Test Plant 37.2 mm

• THEN….you have to do something with it!

### What to do with Data?

• You must include at least one data table and at least one graph.

• You must have some sort of statistical analysis for your data. This can be as simple as calculating the mean (average), median, mode, or as complicated as a statistical test.

### From Data to Results

• Example: Does your plant hate salt water, or the way you sing?

• The results is usually in the form of a statement that explains or interprets the data. You do not go into any detail or explanations here. You simply say in words what your data is telling you. Example: "Test Plant 3 showed little difference in growth rate as compared to the Control Plant."

### Procedures

• List step-by-step instructions someone else can use to complete your experiment exactly as you did it.

• Example: "After 1 minute, I stirred in the baking soda and timed the reaction to be 45 seconds

### Conclusion

• This part is LONG…it’s supposed to be!

• The conclusion is a summary of the research and the results of the experiment. (paragraphs)

• You may have data that supported part of your hypothesis and not another part. You may also have data that did not support your hypothesis at all.

• In this case, you may explain why the results were different.

### Applications

• Explain in a paragraph why your experiment is important and how people can use the results of your experiment to make their lives better.

• Who really cares? Why is it important to the world or to you?

### Resources/Bibliography

• Where did you get your information? Include any and all sources such as:

• Articles

• Websites

• Books

• Interviews

All need to be cited CORRECTLY!

### Visual display and Oral Presentation

• If possible, turn your project in on PowerPoint. Follow this example as a guide. Your power point NEEDS to have all the parts!

• You will need to present your project in front of the class. Please note that there will be NO prompting from the teacher. Practice your speech. You need to sound like you know what you’re talking about.