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LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE. Presented by Mr. Kanha charan Podh, TGT- Social Science, JNV, Malkangiri, Odisha. East West, North South on the Earth. N. Let each of the four quarters then be designated by North or South and East or West. W. E. S. East West, North South on the Earth.

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LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE

Presented by

Mr. Kanha charan Podh,

TGT- Social Science,

JNV, Malkangiri, Odisha


East west north south on the earth
East West, North South on the Earth

N

  • Let each of the four quarters then be designated by North or South and East or West.

W

E

S


East west north south on the earth1
East West, North South on the Earth

  • The N tells us we’re north of the Equator. The S tells us we’re south of the Equator.

  • The E tells us that we’re east of the Prime Meridian. The W tells us that we’re west of the Prime Meridian.

(N, W)

(N, E)

(S, W)

(S, E)


East west north south on the earth2
East West, North South on the Earth

  • That means all points in North America will have a North latitude and a West longitude because it is North of the Equator and West of the Prime Meridian.

(N, W)

Prime Meridian


East west north south on the earth3
East West, North South on the Earth

  • What would be the latitude and longitude directions in Australia?

?

Prime Meridian

If you said South and East , you’re right!


What is latitude
What is Latitude?

  • Latitude is the distance from the equator along the Y axis.

  • All points along the equator have a value of 0 degrees latitude.

  • North pole = 90°N

  • South pole = 90°S

  • Values are expressed in terms of degrees.

90°N

Y

X

90°S


What is latitude1
What is Latitude?

  • Each degree of latitude is divided into 60 minutes.

  • Each minute is divided into 60 seconds.

90°N

Y

X

90°S

This is also true of longitude.


What is latitude2
What is Latitude?

  • For Example:

  • 37°, 02’,51’’N

  • This is close to the latitude where you live.

90°N

Y

X

90°S


What is longitude
What is Longitude?

  • Longitude is the distance from the prime meridian along the X axis.

  • All points along the prime meridian have a value of 0 degrees longitude.

  • The earth is divided into two parts, or hemispheres, of east and west longitude.

Y

X

180°W

180°E


What is longitude1
What is Longitude?

  • The earth is divided into 360 equal slices (meridians)

  • 180 west and 180 east of the prime meridian

Y

X

180°W

180°E


What is latitude3
What is Latitude?

  • Our latitude and longitude might be:

  • 37°, 03’,13’’N

  • 76°, 29’, 45’’W

90°N

Y

X

90°S


So where is 0 0
So Where is (0,0)?

  • The origin point (0,0) is where the equator intersects the prime meridian.

  • (0,0) is off the western coast of Africa in the Atlantic Ocean.


See if you can tell in which quarter these lon lats are located
See If You Can Tell In Which Quarter These Lon/Lats Are Located

  • 1. 41°N, 21°E

  • 2. 37°N, 76°W

  • 3. 72°S, 141°W

  • 4. 7°S, 23°W

  • 5. 15°N, 29°E

  • 6. 34°S, 151°E

A

B

D

C


Let's See How Located

You Did!

  • 1. B

  • 2. A

  • 3. C

  • 4. C

  • 5. B

  • 6. D


East is the direction of rotation of the Earth Located

Latitude: (90oN to 90oS)

Longitude: (180oE to 180oW)

Prime Meridian

0o Longitude

Tropic of Cancer

Latitude 23½o North

21st June

66½o

90oE

60oE

30oW

30oE

60oW

90oW

23½o

90o

22nd Sept

20th March

North Pole

Equator

Latitude 0o

23½o

900

22nd December

Tropic of Capricorn

Latitude 23½o South

Longitude 90o West

Longitude 90oEast

Longitude 60o West

Longitude 60o East

Longitude 30o West

Longitude 30o East

South Pole

Positioning on the Earth’s Surface

Latitude and Longitude together enable the fixing of position on the Earth’s surface.



Thanks Located


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