Developing  Holistic Youth and Agriculture Policies
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Developing Holistic Youth and Agriculture Policies FANRPAN High Level Policy dIALOGue 2011 J . F . Fonseca. Structure. Part I: Highlights Day 2 and Day 3 Part II: FANRPAN Project on “Developing Holistic Agriculture and Youth Policies”, supported by CTA.

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Developing Holistic Youth and Agriculture Policies FANRPAN High Level Policy dIALOGue 2011

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Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Developing Holistic Youth and Agriculture Policies

FANRPAN High Level Policy dIALOGue 2011

J. F. Fonseca


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Structure

  • Part I: Highlights Day 2 and Day 3

  • Part II: FANRPAN Project on “Developing Holistic Agriculture and Youth Policies”, supported by CTA

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Context

  • Demographic growth

  • Declining and ageing agricultural population

  • Youth : bulk of the population

  • Rural – urban migration

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Youth as part of the problem

  • Factors:

  • Unemployment

  • Underemployment

  • Large periods of inactivity

  • Working poverty

  • Resulting in:

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Political and social instability

  • Delinquency, crime…

  • Opportunities for development wasted

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Youth as part of the solution

  • Learning and physical aptitude

  • Openness, creativity and innovation

  • Energy and enthusiasm

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Youth - Absolute advantages in:

  • Technologies

  • Information & knowledge brokerage

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Demographic dividend

  • Innovation & productive investments  higher per capita income

  • Working age population > dependent population

  • Educated, healthy, motivated youth with jobs and decent salaries

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Agricultural value chains

  • Rural – urban continuum

  • Agriculture: more than food on the table

  • Productivity based agricultural transformation + value addition: opportunities for the youth

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Challenges faced by the youth in AVC:

  • Few assets (land, finance…)

  • Limited access to valuable info

  • Lack of investment opportunities

  • Minimal technical support

  • Undefined market options

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Youth and image of agriculture

  • Drudgery

  • Low technology and social profile

  • Low reward and limited opportunities

  • High risks

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Youth and image of agriculture

  • Perceptions or realities?

  • Only youth?

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Agriculture and youth

  • Don’t treat youth as a homogeneous group: cater for different problems, needs and demands

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Youth

  • Rural – urban youth

  • Different levels of education; illiteracy

  • School and post-school youth

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Females: limited access to assets, teen pregnancy, early motherhood, lack of assets, various vulnerabilities…

  • Males: alcohol and drug abuse, delinquency and crime…

  • ….

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Attracting youth to agriculture, in particular the most talented ones

  • Science and Technology

    • Agricultural and processing technologies

    • ICTs, including social media

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Capacities

  • Opportunities

  • Voice and youth organizations within and outside the agricultural/rural sector

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Capacities

  • Education, extension, access to information, health, collective wisdom…

  • Training: technical knowledge, managerial skills, leadership, critical thinking, moral development

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Opportunities

  • Access to land, stable finance, equipment…

  • Entrepreneurship

  • Job and decent salaries

  • Services and institutions

  • Various, new professions along VC!

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Voice

  • Space for policy representationand engagement

  • Multi-stakeholders policy dialogue

  • Representation at managerial level

  • Support to youth organizations, clubs, networks, forums, …

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Specific youth policies in the areas of education, health, land, finance, employment, etc. taking in account agricultural needs

  • Inter-sectoral coordination, harmonization and integration

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Developing a holistic youth and agriculture policy framework

  • A FANRPAN Project supported by CTA

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • A case for holistic agriculture and youth policies

  • Renewed interest in youth policies, but where is agriculture? Governments? CAADP? AU? Global debates?

  • Urban bias which increases as problems in urban areas become more acute

  • Within agricultural policies: youth not an specific issue

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • A need for:

  • Sound technology-based agricultural transformation policies

  • Explicit youth policies with specific policy instruments under agricultural policies

  • Policies and institutions to building on, and going beyond, success stories

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Expected outcomes

The project will contribute to:

1. Youth and agriculture policies developed and treated in all its dimensions and components as a national priority

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • 2. Coherent cross-sectoral policies for the development of capacities, opportunities and incentives for the engagement of youth in agricultural value chains designed

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

3. Meaningful and active engagement of young people in agriculture policy processes and decision-making through capable youth-based organizations

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

4. Political and public support as well as scientific, technical and financial resources for policy formulation and implementation

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Expected results

1. Youth interests, views and proposals identified and taken into consideration

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • 2. Opportunities for developing and

  • streamlining youth specific policies

  • into agricultural policies identified

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • 3. Advocacy strategies for developing opportunities, capacities and incentives for young people in agricultural value chains outlined

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Methodology

Research and analysis

National level

Regional synthesis

Consultations

Formulation of policy proposals

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Methodology

  • Media work: conventional media, social media

  • Advocacy and lobbying

  • National, regional, continental engagement (NEPAD/CAADP…)

  • Capacity development

  • Resource mobilization

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Year 1 Activities

  • Country case studies on current and emerging youth policies with a special focus on links with agriculture

    • Start: October 2011

    • Draft report: February 2012

    • Final report, incl. synthesis: March 2012

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Year 1 Activities

  • Country case studies on current and emerging youth policies with a special focus on links with agriculture

    • Start: October 2011

    • Draft report: February 2012

    • Final report, incl. synthesis: March 2012

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Case studies: outputs

  • Views and interests among young people, taking into account current changes in agriculture

  • Coverage of rural youth and agriculture under current national youth policies and initiatives assessed

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

Case studies: outputs

  • Institutions, mechanisms and tools for engagement of youth in policyprocessesdescribed

  • Opportunities for streamliningyouth and agriculture intoyouthpolicies and agricultural policies

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • National and regional evidence-based multi-stakeholder policy dialogue: Tanzania, October 2012

  • Media outreach on agricultural and youth policies: ongoing, starting 2011 FANRAPN Policy Dialogue

ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

  • Advocacy campaign targeting national, regional and continental decision-makers and stakeholders

  • Direct engagement with national, regional and continental policyprocesses (CAADP…) and decision-makers


Developing holistic youth and agriculture policies fanrpan high level policy dialogue 2011

2012 – 2014 Programme

To be developed: first working session: Saturday, 25/09/11


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