Vital signs
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

Vital Signs PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 58 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Vital Signs. Medical Science 1. Lesson Objectives. Understand What vitals are and how to document them Learn How to: Take Pulse Rate Take Respiration Rate Take Blood Pressure. What are vital signs?. Outward signs of what is going on inside of the body Pulse Respirations Blood Pressure

Download Presentation

Vital Signs

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Vital signs

Vital Signs

Medical Science 1


Lesson objectives

Lesson Objectives

  • Understand

    • What vitals are and how to document them

  • Learn How to:

    • Take Pulse Rate

    • Take Respiration Rate

    • Take Blood Pressure


What are vital signs

What are vital signs?

  • Outward signs of what is going on inside of the body

    • Pulse

    • Respirations

    • Blood Pressure

    • Skin Color

    • Temperature

    • Pupils


Pulse

Pulse

  • Heart pumps blood through blood vessels

  • Blood passes through arteries in waves

  • Surges of blood through the arteries can be felt as pulses

  • The number of pulses felt in a minute is equal to the number of heart beats in a minute

  • Two Components: Rate and Quality

    • Rate=Beats/min

    • Quality: How it feels – strong, weak, thready…


Pulse locations

Pulse Locations

  • Radial Pulse

  • Carotid Pulse

  • Brachial Pulse


Average pulse ranges

Average Pulse Ranges

AgeBeats/min

14+60-100

11-1460-105

6-1070-110

……

Newborn120-160


Respirations

Respirations

  • Respiration = The act of breathing

  • Measured in breaths per min

  • 2 actions of respiration are: inspiration and exhalation

    • Inspiration = breath in

    • Exhalation = breath out

  • 1 breath = 1 inspiration & 1 exhalation


Respiration components

Respiration Components

  • Rate and Quality (just like pulse)

    • Rate = Breaths/min

    • Quality = normal, shallow, labored, noisy

What do you think,

normal?


Average respiration ranges

Average Respiration Ranges

AgeBreaths/min

14+12-20

11-1412-20

6-1015-30

……

Newborn30-50


Blood pressure

Blood Pressure

Definition:

The force of blood against the walls of the blood vessels

When the heart contracts and forces blood in the arteries – Systolic Pressure

When the heart is relaxed, the remaining pressures in the arteries – Diastolic Pressure


Blood pressure1

Blood Pressure

Presented in the form: Systolic

Diastolic

Average Blood pressure = 120/80


How to take blood pressure

How to Take Blood Pressure

  • Position the blood pressure cuff

    • Arrow over brachial artery

  • Put stethoscope properly into your ears

  • Place the head of the stethoscope on the brachial artery, below the BP cuff

  • Pump the BP cuff to 160 mmHG

  • Slowly release pressure by turning value counterclockwise

  • 1st sound heard = systolic pressure

  • Last sound heard = diastolic pressure


Blood pressure by palpation

Blood Pressure by Palpation

  • Very similar to previous procedure, but no stethoscope is used

  • Instead, place your hand on the radial pulse

  • Pump BP cuff to 160 mmHG

  • Slowly release the value

  • First pulse felt = Systolic pressure

  • Diastolic pressure cannot be measured this way

  • Documented: (Systolic)/Palp.


Now it s your turn

Now it’s your turn!

On the BP arm record the following information:

  • Assess the radial pulse and blood pressure by auscultation; record the values you obtain and compare those scores with “normal” values.

  • Tip: if you don’t know what normal range/scores are supposed to be, find it 


Now it s your turn cont d

Now it’s your turn! (cont’d)

Use your classmates as patients for the following tasks:

  • Tip: Record your answers on the form provided on my website

  • Assess the vital signs of 6 people


Think deeper

Think deeper!!

Answer the following questions on the BACK of your assessment form!

  • Why would a healthy 18 year old person need vital signs assessed at a sports physical?

  • Why would a cardiac pt have the dorsalis pedis pulse site assessed pre and post op?


The end

THE END!

Use your own paper to complete the LAST TASK!

Write 2 separate case stories.

  • First story describes a situation (accident, trauma, chronic illness, etc.) in which you would assess homeostasis using a pulse site located on the patient’s upper body


The end cont d

THE END! (cont’d)

  • Second story describes a situation (accident, trauma, chronic illness, etc.) in which you would assess homeostasis using a pulse site located on the patient’s lower body

    Include in both stories:

  • Name of pulse site, description of it’s location and WHY you are assessing at that location.

  • Provide as many details as possible in your story


  • Login