Unidad 6
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Unidad 6. U6E1 GRAMÁTICA. U6E1 Learning Targets. Tell what happened Make suggestions to a group Describe city buildings Talk about professions Grammar Concepts Needed to Meet Learning Targets: Use preterite of regular –er and-ir verbs Use preterite verbs with the y spelling change

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Unidad 6

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Unidad 6

Unidad 6


U6e1 gram tica

U6E1 GRAMÁTICA


U6e1 learning targets

U6E1 Learning Targets

  • Tell what happened

  • Make suggestions to a group

  • Describe city buildings

  • Talk about professions

    Grammar Concepts Needed to Meet Learning Targets:

  • Use preterite of regular –er and-ir verbs

  • Use preterite verbs with the y spelling change

  • Use the preterite of hacer, ir ser


U6e1 gram tica 1 preterite of er and ir verbs

U6E1 Gramática #1Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs

Grammar Objective: Form the preterite of –er and –ir verbs

Learning Target: Tell what happened


U6e1 gram tica 1 preterite of er and ir verbs1

U6E1 Gramática #1Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs

The preterite is a verb tense that is used to express a completed action from the past.

In English, these are verbs that end in –ed


U6e1 gram tica 1 preterite of er and ir verbs2

U6E1 Gramática #1Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs

You already learned the verb endings for –ar verbs in the preterite.

-amos

-asteis

-aste

-aron


U6e1 gram tica 1 preterite of er and ir verbs3

U6E1 Gramática #1Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs

Regular –er and –ir verbs follow a similar pattern to regular –ar verbs in the preterite.

Preterite –er and –ir verb endings are IDENTICAL

-er -ir


U6e1 gram tica 1 preterite of er and ir verbs4

U6E1 Gramática #1Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs

vender – to sell escribir – to write


U6e1 gram tica 1 preterite of er and ir verbs5

U6E1 Gramática #1Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs

The word anoche tells you that salimos is in the past tense

  • The yo forms and the él, ella, usted forms have accents

    • Ej:

      • Vendí la computadora.

        • I sold the computer.

      • Tomás escribió una carta.

        • Thomas wrote a card

  • The nosotros(as) form of regular –irverbs is the same in both the presentand the preterite. Use context clues to determine the tense of the verb

    • Salimos a las ocho anoche

      • We left at eight o’clock last night


U6e1 gram tica 1 preterite of er and ir verbs6

U6E1 Gramática #1Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs

¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?

Conjugate the following verbs in the preterite from for the subject given.

  • tú / comer

  • él / beber

  • vosotros / recibir

  • Uds. / asistir

  • yo / correr


U6e1 gram tica 1 preterite of er and ir verbs7

U6E1 Gramática #1Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs

¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?

Conjugate the following verbs in the preterite from for the subject given.

  • tú / comer tú comiste

  • él / beber el bebió

  • vosotros / recibir vosotros recibisteis

  • Uds. / asistir Uds. asistieron

  • yo / correr yo corrí


U6e1 gram tica 1 preterite of er and ir verbs8

U6E1 Gramática #1Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs

LEARNING TARGET

I can tell what happened using preterite forms of –er and –ir verbs.


Gram tica 2 verbs with a y spelling change

Gramática #2 VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE

Grammar Objective: Form the preterite of –er and –ir verbs with a y spelling change

Learning Target: Tell what happened


Gram tica 2 verbs with a y spelling change1

Gramática #2 VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE

oír – to hear

  • To write the third person (singular and plural) preterite forms of –er and –ir verbs with stems that end in a vowel, change the í to a y.

  • All the preterite forms require an accent, except the ellos, ellas, ustedes form.

leer – to read


Gram tica 2 verbs with a y spelling change2

Gramática #2 VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE

creer – to believe

  • Try it with the verb creer:

    creer – to believe


Gram tica 2 verbs with a y spelling change3

Gramática #2 VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE

¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?

Conjugate the following verbs in the preterite from for the subject given.

  • tú / oír

  • él / leer

  • vosotros / creer

  • Uds. / oír

  • yo / leer


Gram tica 2 verbs with a y spelling change4

Gramática #2 VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE

¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?

Conjugate the following verbs in the preterite from for the subject given.

  • tú / oír tú oíste

  • él / leer él leyó

  • vosotros / creervosotros creísteis

  • Uds. / oírUds. oyeron

  • yo / leer yo leí


Gram tica 2 verbs with a y spelling change5

Gramática #2 VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE

LEARNING TARGET

I can tell what happened using preterite forms of –er and –ir verbs with a y spelling change.


Gram tica 3 irregular verbs in the preterite hacer ir ser

Gramática #3 IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE: HACER, IR, SER

Grammar Objective: Form the preterite of irregular –er and –ir verbs.

Learning Target: Tell what happened


Gram tica 3 irregular verbs in the preterite hacer ir ser1

Gramática #3 IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE: HACER, IR, SER

  • English Grammar Connection:Irregular verbs do not follow the pattern of regular verbs. In English, irregular verbs in this tense do not end in –ed.

    • She went to the aquarium.

    • Ella fue al acuario.


Gram tica 3 irregular verbs in the preterite hacer ir ser2

Gramática #3 IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE: HACER, IR, SER

  • Ir, ser and hacer are irregular in the preterite tense.

  • The verb ir is irregular in the preterite. Its preterite forms are exactly the same as the preterite forms of ser.

  • Hacer also has irregular preterite forms.

  • These verbs don’t have any accents in the preterite.


Gram tica 3 irregular verbs in the preterite hacer ir ser3

Gramática #3 IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE: HACER, IR, SER

ir – to go ser –to be hacer – to do/make


Unidad 6

Gramática #3 IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE RETERITE: HACER, IR, SER

The preterite forms of ir and ser are exactly the same. Use context clues to determine which verb is being used. Which sentence below used the verb ir and which sentence used the verb ser? How do you know?

Fuimos a la escuela. ¡Fue un día fenomenal!

We went to school.It was a phenomenal day!


Gram tica 3 irregular verbs in the preterite hacer ir ser4

Gramática #3 IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE: HACER, IR, SER

¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?

Complete the following sentences with the correct preterite forms of hacer, ser, or ir. Then, tell whether you used ser or ir.

Nosotros ___________ la tarea; ____________ muy fácil.

Yo ________ a la playa. __________ esquí acuático.

¿ _____________ellos al parque? ¿ Y qué __________ allí?


Gram tica 3 irregular verbs in the preterite hacer ir ser5

Gramática #3 IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE: HACER, IR, SER

¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?

Complete the following sentences with the correct preterite forms of hacer, ser, or ir. Then, tell whether you used ser or ir.

Nosotros hicimos la tarea; fue muy fácil.

Yo fui a la playa. Hice esquí acuático.

¿ Fueron ellos al parque? ¿ Y qué hicieron allí?


U6e1 gram tica irregular preterite verbs hacer ir and ser

U6E1 Gramática: Irregular Preterite Verbs: hacer, ir and ser

LEARNING TARGET

I can tell what happened using preterite forms of irregular –er and –ir verbs.


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