Development getting started
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Development- Getting Started. Unit 4 Lesson 1. Objectives. Define developmental psychology and discuss primary areas of interest. Discuss how psychologists study development. Describe prenatal development. Identify neonatal abilities. Warm Up. What is developmental psychology?

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Development- Getting Started

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Development getting started

Development-Getting Started

Unit 4

Lesson 1


Objectives

Objectives

  • Define developmental psychology and discuss primary areas of interest.

  • Discuss how psychologists study development.

  • Describe prenatal development.

  • Identify neonatal abilities.


Warm up

Warm Up

  • What is developmental psychology?

  • Study of progressive changes in human traits and abilities that occur throughout a lifespan


Areas of development

Areas of Development

  • Physical Dvpt

    • All physiological changes that take place

  • Cognitive Dvpt

    • Changes associated with thinking processes of behavior

  • Social Dvpt

    • Changes in self-identity…changes in interaction w/others and the environment


Major issues

Major Issues

  • Nature vs Nurture

  • Are we more affected by heredity or environment?

  • Continuity vs Discontinuity

  • Is dvpt change gradual or do we progress through distinct stages?


Methods

Methods

  • Longitudinal: Study same group over period of time…

    • Child A at 10 yrs  14 yrs  18 yrs old

  • Cross-Sectional: Study different groups at same time…

    • Child A 10 yrs old

    • Child B 14 yrs old

    • Child C 18 yrs old


Methods1

Methods

  • Cross-Sequential: Mix of above…

    • Child A at 101418

    • Child B at 141822

    • Child C at 182226

  • Studies discern milestones: most typical aspects of dvpt


Periods of human life span

Periods of Human Life Span

  • Conception

  • Prenatal Period (0-9 m)

  • Infancy (B-20 m)

    • Neonatal (B-3 weeks)

  • Toddlerhood (1-3 y)

  • Preschool Period (3-6 y)

  • Middle Childhood (6-Pub)

  • Adolescence (Pub-21)

  • Young Adulthood (21-40)

  • Middle Adulthood (40-65)

  • Late Adulthood (65+)


Prenatal dvpt

Prenatal Dvpt

Time pd from conception to birth

  • Physical Dvpt:

    • Cephalocaudal

      • Head to Tail

    • Proximodistal

      • Center Outward

  • Teratogens:

    • Disease agents, drugs, environmental agents that can cause birth defects

  • Alcohol

  • Recreational Drugs, Rx Drugs

  • Smoking http://www.clipsforclass.com/developmental

  • X-Rays

  • Ingested toxins, lead

  • Illnesses

  • Poor nutrition


Stages of prenatal development

Stages of Prenatal Development

Conception – Fertilization of egg in fallopian tube


Stages of prenatal development1

Stages of Prenatal Development

:http//www.webmd.com/baby/slideshow-fetal-development


Newborn equipment

Newborn “Equipment”

  • Sophisticated sensory and motor abilities

    • Genetic program

    • Neural connections

  • APGAR Test

    • Measures medical condition at birth

  • Innate Abilities

    • Present @ birth


Reflex or learned

Reflex or Learned?

  • Sucking on a pacifier

  • Turning towards mom when she enters a room

  • Flaring the toes when the bottom of the foot is stroked

  • Being able to stand without support

  • Babbling the linguistic sounds of the parents

  • Grasping onto an extended pair of fingers & hanging onto them

  • Responding when startled by extending the arms outward and upward


Newborn equipment1

Reflexes- Simple, unlearned responses to specific stimuli

Grasping

Rooting

Sucking

Moro

Withdrawal

Babinski

Sphincter

Breathe, Sneeze, Cough, Yawn, Blink

Newborn “Equipment”


Newborn equipment2

Newborn “Equipment”

  • Sensory Development

    • Vision

    • Hearing

    • Smell

    • Taste

    • Touch

http://www.webmd.com/baby/features/in-the-womb?page=2


Assessing the neonate

Assessing the Neonate

  • Habituation- Built in tendency to get easily bored with familiar things, and attend to new ones.

  • Habituation indicates learning!

    http://www.parents.com/baby/care/pediatricians-medicine/my-baby-the-lab-rat/


Temperament

Temperament

  • Personality features babies are born with

    • (1970’s Thomas & Chess)

  • Easy

    • 40% happy, adapt easily, regular sleep/eat patterns, don’t upset easy

  • Slow-to-warm-up

    • 15% less cheerful/adaptable. Cautious w/new experiences, patterns less regular.

  • Difficult

    • 10% glum & irritable, dislike change. Irregular sleep/eat patterns.


Closure

Closure

  • Identify the three different methods of developmental research.

    • Longitudinal

    • Cross-Sectional

    • Cross-Sequential


Homework

Homework

  • Life Span Development Decades Activity


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