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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector. International Safeguards Video Training Lecture Series June - August, 2010 Philip Casey Durst Durst Nuclear Engineering and Consulting Inc. (DNE)* *Consultants to the U.S. DOE Idaho National Laboratory.

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a day in the life of a nuclear safeguards inspector

A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

International Safeguards

Video Training Lecture Series

June - August, 2010

Philip Casey Durst

Durst Nuclear Engineering and Consulting Inc. (DNE)*

*Consultants to the U.S. DOE Idaho National Laboratory

a day in the life of a nuclear safeguards inspector1
A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Background of Program

  • The United States seeks to build a new generation of Nuclear Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Experts
  • The current experts are Aging
  • This Lecture Series is funded by the U.S. DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Office of NA-24
  • The United States actively and energetically supports a policy of Nuclear Non-Proliferation through effective International Nuclear Safeguards implemented by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  • Consequently, NNSA has developed the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) to help recruit and train Americans for the IAEA
  • The purpose of this Lecture Series is to aid that effort
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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Background of Speaker

  • Chemical Engineer by degree
  • Nuclear-Chemical Engineer and Safeguards Expert by experience
  • 32 years in Industry (Rockwell Hanford, Exxon Nuclear Idaho, Boeing, Battelle, and the IAEA)
  • 15 Years as a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector, Sr. Inspector, and Country Officer with the IAEA in Vienna and Tokyo
  • Chief Engineer for Durst Nuclear Engineering and Consulting Inc. (DNE); Head of DNE Training in North America
  • Consultant to the U.S. DOE Idaho National Laboratory (INL) on International Safeguards issues
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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Background Regarding the IAEA

  • The IAEA is a United Nations Organization based in Vienna, Austria
  • The IAEA verifies that countries are compliant with their International Agreements regarding the safeguarding of their nuclear material and facilities
  • These Agreements are concluded pursuant to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)
  • The IAEA Department of Safeguards has 250 designated safeguards inspectors for this purpose
  • The IAEA continuously recruits for this position
  • The International Safeguards Project Office at BNL supports the recruitment of Americans for the IAEA - at www.bnl.gov/ispo
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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

(The following is an example of a day in the life of an IAEA International Nuclear Safeguards Inspector based in a field office. It is representative of a typical “Day in the Life” of an IAEA Inspector.)

The Call:

  • The call is received at home (e.g. from the Head of the Tokyo Regional Office ca. 20:00, Sunday)
  • A Design Information Examination and Verification activity (DIE/DIV) needs to be performed at Rokkashomura in Northern Japan - due to acceleration of the facility construction schedule
  • Safeguards Inspectors perform DIE/DIV activities to verify that nuclear facilities are being constructed and operated as declared – and to detect safeguards relevant changes
  • The inspector must immediately plan the logistics of traveling to the location, as well as acquire the DIV Plan, procedures, and supplies for performing the inspection
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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Early Morning Preparations and Run to the Office:

  • 04:30 – Wake-up at apartment
  • 06:00 – Quick stop at the IAEA Tokyo Regional Office:
    • Need to pick up a copy of the DIV Plan, the procedure for operating the 3-Dimensional Laser Range Finder (3DLR), seals, working papers, and other supplies
  • 07:00 - Run to the Ueno train station and purchase tickets for the bullet train to travel to Hachinoe (near Misawa)
    • Communication is in mixed Japanese and English
  • 07:30 – Book train trip to Misawa
  • 07:45 – Grab boxed breakfast at station kiosk
  • 08:00 - Depart for Misawa (via Hachinoe) from Ueno Station
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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Examples of Typical DIV Plan Activities:

(IAEA Safeguards Manual - SMI 4.1)

  • ED – General examination of design Information
  • GD – Examination and verification of siting and general building design
  • CD – Examination and verification of process and/or containment
  • UD – Examination and verification of utility/support design
  • ED – Examination and verification of essential equipment
  • MF – Examination and verification of nuclear material flow design
  • ML – Examination and verification of nuclear material location design
  • NM – Examination and verification of nuclear material characteristics
  • CS – Examination and verification of containment integrity
  • OM – Verification of operator’s measurement system
  • OP – Examination and verification of operating procedures
  • OR – Examination and verification of operating records
  • Etc.
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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Travel to Inspection Location - Early Morning Train and Taxi Rides

  • 10:30 – Arrival in Misawa
  • 11:00 – Travel to the Rokkashomura Reprocessing Plant (RRP) Site for DIV by Taxi
  • 12:00 – Arrival at RRP Site
  • 12:15 – Badge-in and escort from facility gate to the inspector’s shift office
  • 12:30 to 13:00 – Take lunch in the company cafeteria
  • 13:15 to 13:30 - Unpack 3DLR and start of DIE/DIV activity with Operator’s support and escort
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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Perform DIE/DIV Activity and Inspection

  • Need to survey and scan selected process cells under construction to confirm the construction matches the declared design, using the 3DLR and/or hand tools
  • 13:30 – Access facility change room and don protective clothing and equipment
  • 13:45 – Acquire radiation dosimeter from Health Physics Office
  • 14:00 – Proceed to process cells to be verified
  • 14:15 to16:15 – Scan process cells using the 3DLR, or use hand-tools and blueprints as required
  • 16:30 – Return to the IAEA Inspector’s shift office
    • File the working papers and 3DLR computerized media for the DIE/DIV activity in the appropriate cabinet
    • Secure DIV files with an IAEA seal
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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

(3DLR Units; Source – European Commission JRC-Ispra, 2009)

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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

Wrap up Inspection and Return Home

  • 17:00 – Resolve apparent discrepancies and anomalies with the facility operator regarding any safeguards relevant changes in the facility construction versus the declared design
  • 17:30 – Leave RRP for Misawa
  • 18:30 – Arrive in Hachinoe/Misawa by Taxi
  • 19: 20 – Travel from Hachinoe to Tokyo by train
  • 21:30 – Arrive in Tokyo
  • 22:00 – Arrive at apartment by Taxi
  • 22:30 – Stow and secure inspection briefcase and supplies
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A Day in the Life of a Nuclear Safeguards Inspector

The Next Day – File Inspection Report

  • 08:30 – Arrive at the IAEA Tokyo Regional Office
  • 10:00 – File the Computerized Inspection Report (CIR) on-line using a secured computer connection with IAEA Vienna/HQ
  • 12:30 – File notes for the next scheduled Debriefing – to discuss the inspection and DIE/DIV
  • 17:00 – Call the Facility Officer at IAEA Vienna/HQ regarding any important issues discovered during the inspection (i.e. discrepancies and/or anomalies)
  • 17:30 – Leave the office to return to the apartment,….and prepare for another day
an inspector s life
An Inspector’s Life

For the Record

  • IAEA inspectors spend between 80 to 120 days in the field (on the order of 1/3 of a year)
  • This includes weekend days, holidays, and summer vacation days
  • The business travel puts considerable demands on families, relationships, and child-rearing
  • Regardless, the job is very, very rewarding and fulfilling
  • Engineers, Physicists, Chemists, Accountants, Analysts, and other professionals interested in Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Nuclear Safeguards are all needed and recruited – see www.bnl.gov/ispo for more details
  • Contact me at: [email protected], if you have additional questions
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