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Dynamic Desktop Deployment Level 300 - Advanced. Who Am I ? Nicola Ferrini. Trainer Technical Writer Systems Engineer Server & Application Virtualization Technology Specialist Technet Speaker Microsoft System Center Influencer More on:

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dynamic desktop deployment level 300 advanced
Dynamic

Desktop Deployment

Level 300 - Advanced

who am i nicola ferrini
Who Am I ? Nicola Ferrini
  • Trainer
  • TechnicalWriter
  • SystemsEngineer
  • Server & Application Virtualization Technology Specialist
  • Technet Speaker
  • Microsoft System Center Influencer
  • More on:
    • http://www.nicolaferrini.it/curriculum.shtml
    • http://www.windowserver.it/ChiSiamo/Staff/tabid/71/Default.aspx
agenda
Agenda
  • Server Virtualization using Hyper-V
  • Managing Virtual Machines using Virtual Machine Manager 2008 R2
  • Desktop Virtualization using Remote Desktop Services
  • Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
virtualization solutions

Management

Virtualization Solutions

Profile Virtualization

Server Virtualization

Document redirection

Offline files

Presentation Virtualization

Application Virtualization

Desktop Virtualization

what is server virtualization
What Is Server Virtualization?

Server virtualization enables multiple virtual machines to run on one physical host

Benefits:

  • Server consolidation
  • Service or application isolation
  • Simplified server deployment and management
  • Increased service and application availability
  • Multiple operating systems can run on one consistent platform
features of hyper v in windows server 2008 r2
Features of Hyper-V in Windows Server 2008 R2

Dynamic virtual machine storage

Live Migration

Improved VHD performance

Enhanced processor support

Enhanced processor support

Enhanced networking support

Hyper-V in

Windows Server 2008 R2

Cluster shared volumes

guidelines for designing virtual machines
Guidelines for Designing Virtual Machines

Guidelines:

  • Simplify and standardize the host platform
  • Plan virtual machines for specific server roles by:
    • Monitoring the servers before virtualization
    • Configuring each virtual machine with a hardware configuration that is similar to the hardware required on a physical server
  • Deploy Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server 2008 R2–based virtual machines whenever possible
  • Consider other options for ensuring physical server utilization
what i s vmm 2008 r2
What Is VMM 2008 R2?

VMM 2008 R2 provides centralized administration and management of your virtual environment

VMM is used to:

  • Manage Hyper-V hosts
  • Manage virtual server hosts
  • Manage VMware hosts
  • Manage and deploy virtual machines
  • Perform physical-to-virtual (P2V) and virtual-to-virtual (V2V) conversions
infrastructure components of vmm 2008 r2
Infrastructure Components of VMM 2008 R2

VMM Administrator Console

VMM Server

VMM Database

VMM Library

Hosts

Host groups

VMM Self-Service Portal

what s new in vmm 2008 r2
What’s New in VMM 2008 R2?

What’s new:

  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V Host Management
  • Enhanced Support for SAN Transfers
  • Enhanced Support for Shared Storage
  • Quick Storage Migration
  • Maintenance Mode for Hosts
  • Support for VMware Port Groups for Virtual Switches
  • Support for Virtual Machine Permissions Assigned in Hyper-V
what is windows powershell
What Is Windows PowerShell?

Windows PowerShell is:

  • A scripting and command-line technology
  • Directly accessible through a command shell, msh.exe
  • Used by GUI tools

Windows PowerShell features include:

  • Cmdlets
  • Aliases
  • Variables
  • Pipelining
  • Scripting support
  • Access to cmd.exe commands
  • Signed scripts
using windows powershell to manage vmm
Using Windows PowerShell to Manage VMM

The VMM command shell includes the standard PowerShell cmdlets, as well as a set of cmdlets specifically for VMM, such as:

  • Get-VMCheckPoint
  • Get-VMCheckpoint -MostRecent –vm "VM01" | Restore-VMCheckpoint
  • Get-Help Get-VMMServer
what is the virtual machine template
What Is the Virtual Machine Template?

Virtual machine templates are:

  • A standardized group of hardware and software settings that you can use for new virtual machines

Two types of virtual machine templates:

  • Customized templates
  • Non-customized templates

Virtual machine template components:

  • Hardware profile
  • Virtual hard disk
  • Guest operating system profile (optional)
what are remote desktop services
What Are Remote Desktop Services?

The Remote Desktop Services provides access from anywhere to session-based desktops, virtual machine–based desktops, and applications

RDS provides the following benefits:

  • Run an application or an entire desktop from a central location
  • Manage session-based desktops, applications, or virtual machine–based desktops on centralized servers in the data center
  • Provide users with an entire desktop environment, or with their individual applications and data
  • Provide integration of local applications and RemoteApp applications that run on RDS hosts
  • Enable secure remote access to an entire desktop, remote application, or virtual machine without users having to establish a VPN connection
  • Centrally control which RD Session hosts can be accessed, who can access them, and device redirection
remoteapp and desktop connection
RemoteApp and Desktop Connection

The RemoteApp and Desktop Connection feature provides a personalized view for users of RemoteApp programs, session-based desktops, and virtual desktops

The benefits of RemoteApp and Desktop Connection are:

  • Published Remote Desktop connections are included with RemoteApp programs
  • Changes to the published connection are automatically reflected on the user’s Start menu
  • RemoteApp programs can be easily accessed through Windows search
  • RemoteApp and Desktop Connection does not require domain membership for client computers
  • You can create and distribute client configuration files for users
using remoteapp to deploy programs
Using RemoteApp to Deploy Programs

RD Remote Apps provide access to individual applications running on RD Session Host computers

The benefits of RemoteApp are:

  • Enables user access to only applications and not the RD Session Host desktop
  • Applications run in individual windows on user desktops
  • Multiple RemoteApps share in single connection
  • You can configure per-user access to RemoteApps

You can enable access to RemoteApps by:

  • Creating and distributing .rdp files
  • Creating and distributing Windows Installer Package (.msi) files
  • Publishing the RemoteApp to an RD Web Access server
what is virtual desktop infrastructure
What is Virtual Desktop Infrastructure?

Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) is a key technology for enabling successful desktop virtualization implementations – in all organizations, for network connected users. As a deployment model, VDI allows these users to access their personal desktops in the datacenter.

Operating System

  • Desktops, Applications, User Data
vdi components
VDI Components

Access Points

Network

User State Virtualization

Access Points(PC, Thin clients)

Application Delivery

VDI Offering

Management

Desktop Delivery

Virtualization Platform

Hardware Layer

Servers

Storage

slide23

How Virtual Desktop Infrastructure Works

A user can connect to a virtual machined based on the VDI configured for:

Personal virtual desktops

Pooled virtual desktops

A user can connect to a virtual machined based on the VDI configured for:

  • A user initiates the connection to the personal virtual desktop
  • The user sends the request to the RD Session Host server running in redirection mode
  • The RD Session Host server forwards the request to the RD Connection Broker server
  • The RD Connection Broker server queries AD DS and retrieves the name of the virtual machine that is assigned to the requesting user account
  • The RD Connection Broker server sends a request to the RD Virtualization Host server to start the virtual machine
  • The RD Virtualization Host server returns the IP address of the FQDN to the RD Connection Broker server
  • The RD Session Host server redirects the request to the client computer that initiated the connection
  • The client computer connects to the personal virtual desktop
  • A user initiates the connection to the virtual desktop pool
  • The user sends the request to the RD Session Host server running in redirection mode
  • The RD Session Host server redirects the request to the RD Connection Broker server
  • The RD Connection Broker server verifies whether any existing session exists for the requesting user account
  • The RD Session Host server redirects the request to the client computer that initiated the connection
  • The client computer connects to the virtual desktop pool

Personal virtual desktops

Pooled virtual desktops

virtual machines for virtual desktop
Virtual Machines for Virtual Desktop

RD Virtualization Host can assign each user a unique virtual machine, a personal virtual desktop, or can redirect users to a shared virtual machine pool, where a virtual machine is dynamically assigned

After installing a virtual machine, you must configure the following to work with RDS:

  • Join the virtual machine to a domain
  • Enable Remote Desktop
  • Add user accounts to the local Remote Desktop Users security group
  • Allow RPC
  • Create a firewall exception to allow Remote Services Management
  • Add permissions to RDP
slide25

What Is the Connection Broker Role in RDS?

The RD Connection Broker role service:

  • Allows users to reconnect to their existing sessions in a RD Session Host server farm
  • Evenly distributes the session load among RD Session Host servers in a load-balanced RD Session Host server farm
  • Provides users with access to virtual desktops on RD Virtualization Host servers, and to RemoteApp programs hosted on RD Session Host servers through RemoteApp and Desktop Connection
what is rd web access
What Is RD Web Access?

RD Web Access enables:

  • Populating the list of available RemoteApps or virtual desktopsin the RemoteApp and Desktop Connection application
  • Launching RemoteApps or virtual desktops from the RD WebAccess Web site
  • Launching the Remote Desktop Web Connectionwhichprovide Remote Desktop connections to servers or client computers
  • RD Web Access only enables users to launch applications or Remote Desktop sessions, it does not proxy RDP sessions
configuring user access to rd web access
Configuring User Access to RD Web Access

To enable user access to RD Web Access:

  • Provide users with the URL for the RD Web Access server
  • Configure RemoteApp and Desktop Connections to subscribe to a feed from the RD Web Access server

To configure RemoteApp and Desktop Connections:

  • Configure the URL for the RD Web Access server
  • Create a client configuration file in RD Connection Manager and distribute the file to clients
nicola ferrini s white papers
Nicola Ferrini’s white papers
  • http://www.microsoft.com/italy/server/windowsserver2008/panoramica/introduzione-a-microsoft-application-virtualization.mspx
  • http://download.microsoft.com/download/F/6/2/F628085D-013C-4027-9B4B-147D5F60FCE2/MED-V%20lab.docx
  • http://www.windowserver.it/Articoli/Soluzioni/Virtualization/tabid/313/Default.aspx
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