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Balancing a Healthy Lifestyle A Series of Educational Seminars for Patients. presented by the office of Alexander F. Castellanos, M.D., Inc. Tipping the Scales on Vascular Disease. April 5, 2005. Gender: Men, Women, Mixed? Exercise: Running, Walking, Aikido, Yoga, Pilates

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Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Balancing a Healthy LifestyleA Series of Educational Seminars for Patients

presented by the office of

Alexander F. Castellanos, M.D., Inc.


Tipping the scales on vascular disease

Tipping the Scales on Vascular Disease

April 5, 2005


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Gender: Men, Women, Mixed?

Exercise: Running, Walking, Aikido, Yoga, Pilates

Nutrition: Vegetarian, Low Carbs,

Fat

Cholesterol - Good, Bad

Triglycerides

HbA1c

Kidney Function

Liver Function

Vascular Function

Hormones:

Estrogen

Testosterone

Progesterone

Cortisol

Growth Hormone

Thyroid - Para Thyroid

Epinephrine

Serotonin

Dopamine

>160 Factor

Stress: Anger, Hostility

Weight: Low Weight, Overweight

Activity: Exercise, Sedentary

Bp

Nutrition: Protein, Fat, CHO

Diabetes


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Cardiovascular Disease effects the Heartand …

The 70,000 milesofArteriesthat pumpbloodthrough your body.

Vascular Disease

Risk Factors of Vascular Disease

  • Smoking

  • Increasing Age

  • High Blood Pressure

  • Elevated Cholesterol

  • Overweight

  • Diabetes

  • Low Physical Activity

  • Anger/Rage

  • Ethnic Characteristics

  • Family History


Vascular disease

Vascular Disease

  • Arteries open and close in all mammals including men and women

  • Damage or Disease of your Circulatory System is called Vascular Disease


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

The Normal Artery

  • A normal artery is free of plaque formation

  • The artery wall is very thick and elastic

  • A healthy artery can do its job of pushing blood through out your body.


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Plaque

Plaque is the accumulation of fats including cholesterol

Mild to Moderate plaque formation and damage to the walls of the artery


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Plaque

Severe plaque formation and damage to the walls of the arteries can cause Heart Attacks, and Strokes.


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Happy Cells vs. Unhappy Cells

Your body is made up of 50 trillion cells. Every second your body produces 25 million new cells.

This cell represents any cell of the body a brain cell, skin cell, liver cell etc. (show cell)

All cells need to be in close proximity to normal circulation or blood flow so they can continue to function properly.

“The Happy Cell”


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Happy Cells vs. Unhappy Cells

When food is digested the nutrients are first processed by the liver and are then released into the circulation or blood stream to feed the cells of our bodies.

“The Unhappy Cell”

When circulation is blocked or partially blocked the required nutrients can not reach the cell. We call that cell “The Unhappy Cell”


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Happy Cells vs. Unhappy Cells

  • Unhappy cells in our brain are called: headaches, anxiety, depression, memory loss, altimhierzs or stroke

  • Unhappy cells in our chest are called: chest pain, palpitations, arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, angina, heart attack

  • We can do this with any cell in our body and come back with a cause of poor circulation – even with cancer!


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Angiogram vs. IVUS of Artery

Angiograms Miss Most Atheromas

  • Conventional angiography fails to visualize 95%-99% of atherosclerotic plaque, Dr. Steven Nissen said at the annual meeting of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists.

  • Massive atheromas lurking within the vascular wall—outside the view of angiography—are the lesions that account for the two-thirds of myocardial infarctions that occur at sites with “hemodynamically insignificant stenosis.”

“This is a painful lesson for my colleagues in interventional cardiology. They don't like [to be told] they're looking at the wrong end point” when they give patients with a normal angiogram a clean bill of health, said Dr. Nissen, head of clinical cardiology at the Cleveland Clinic.


Factors for increased vascular disease

Factors for Increased Vascular Disease

  • Emotions

    • Fear

    • Stress/Anxiety

    • Anger

  • Treatments and Medications that Worsen CVD

  • Poor Nutrition

  • Sedentary Lifestyle

  • Increased Weight


Fat and vascular disease

Fat and Vascular Disease

New study links fat, inflammation and heart disease - Mar 31 (HeartCenterOnline).

Study of the subcutaneous fat in 20 post-menopausal women who had risk factors that raise the risk of heart disease. The study was published in the April issue of the American Journal of Physiology. Main Findings:

  • Fat may directly contribute to inflammation by producing

    inflammatory proteins

  • Fat acts like a body organ capable of secreting

    hormones and proteins

  • Fat suppresses anti-inflammatory proteins.

  • Women with high levels of abdominal fat have higher levels of pro-inflammatory proteins and lower levels of anti- inflammatory proteins


Hormones and vascular disease

Hormones and Vascular Disease

Women's Health Initiative s "Anti estrogen agenda"

  • The interpretation of the most recent findings of the WHI is a perfect example of this. When the first arm of the WHI study showed a barely significant increase in breast cancer of 8 cases per 10,000 women, this finding was blasted across the media.

  • When the second arm showed a decrease in breast cancer of 7 cases per 10,000 women, I did not see one news report, magazine article, or editorial. If any other medication had been shown to decrease breast cancer by 23%, there would have been a national education campaign to get the good news out to the public.

  • The statements by Dr. Stephen Hulley and Dr. Deborah Grady in their JAMA editorial (291[14]:1769-71, 2004) verge on being hypocritical.

    Larry Kincheloe, M.D., Oklahoma City


Hormones and vascular disease1

Hormones and Vascular Disease

Volume 350:482-492January 29, 2004Number 5

Risks of Testosterone-Replacement Therapy and Recommendations for Monitoring

Ernani Luis Rhoden, M.D., and Abraham Morgentaler, M.D.


Waist size and diabetes

Waist Size and Diabetes

The circumference of a man’s waist is a better predictor of his risk of developing type 2 diabetes than his body mass index (BMI), which is a weight-to-height ratio, or waist-to-hip ratio alone.  This finding, published in the March 2005 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, is based on data collected from 27,270 men tracked over 13 years who participated in the Harvard Health Professionals Follow-Up Study.

Compared to those in the group with the smallest waists ,29-34 inches, the other groups:

34.3-35.9 inches – 2 times more likely to develop diabetes

36-37.8 inches - 3 times more likely to develop diabetes

37.9-39.8 inches - 5 times more likely to develop diabetes

40-62 inches - 12 times more likely to develop diabetes

The currently recommended waist circumference cutoff of 40 inches for men may need to be lowered:

“Many of the men who developed type 2 diabetes had measurements lower than the cutoff (40 inches for men),” explains Wang, “and the risk associated with waist circumference increased at a much lower level.”

http://www.jhsph.edu/PublicHealthNews/Press_Releases/2005/Wang_waistsize.html


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

An Effect of Vascular Disease

A Disease of Kings or Those who Eat Like One

The Gout, by James Gillray, 1799

Johnson, R. J. et. al. N Engl J Med 2004;350:1071-1073

A Uric Acid Crystal

Alexander the Great, King Henry VIII, and Poet Laureate Alfred Lord Tennyson all had gout.

A Gouty Joint


Low fat and very low fat weight loss diets

Low-Fat and Very Low-Fat Weight Loss Diets

Anti-Fat

Anti-CHO

25-35% Fat

55-60% CHO

< 30% Fat

 40% CHO

< 20% CHO

< 30% CHO

< 15% Fat

< 10% Fat

Dean Ornish

Diet

Zone Diet

Sugar Busters

AHA

Weight Watchers

Jenny Craig

Dash Diet

Pritikin Diet

CHO Addict’s

Diet

Atkins' Diet

Protein Power

> 30 – 35%

protein

>20% & < 30%

Protein

Less than 20% Protein

Adapted from: Riley RE. Nutr Aspects of Exercise, 1999.


Proliferation of diet books

Proliferation of Diet Books

  • Amazon.com search “weight loss” = 1428 matches

  • Top 50, best – selling diet books:

    • 58% were published in 1999 or 2000

    • 88% were published since 1997


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Balance

"Studies show that up to 80 percent of coronary heart disease, 90 percent of diabetes and about one third of cancers can be avoided through a change in lifestyle,”

Uton Muchtar Rafei, Regional Director of the World Health Organization


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Balance

  • Control Emotions, Control Stress

  • Exercise – Walk at least 1 hour a day 3-5 days a week

  • Eat Healthy – reduce fats and animal proteins, largest meals should be lunch and breakfast, watch intake after 5pm.

  • Reduce Weight – “Loose the Fat, Loose the Plaque”

  • Waist Managment

  • Quit Smoking

  • Get Regular Check-ups

  • Know your Numbers – Cholesterol, Blood Pressure, HGAIC


Balancing a healthy lifestyle a series of educational seminars for patients

Gender: Men, Women, Mixed?

Exercise: Running, Walking, Aikido, Yoga, Pilates

Nutrition: Vegetarian, Low Carbs,

Fat

Cholesterol - Good, Bad

Triglycerides

HbA1c

Kidney Function

Liver Function

Vascular Function

Hormones:

Estrogen

Testosterone

Progesterone

Cortisol

Growth Hormone

Thyroid - Para Thyroid

Epinephrine

Serotonin

Dopamine

>160 Factor

Stress: Anger, Hostility

Weight: Low Weight, Overweight

Activity: Exercise, Sedentary

Bp

Nutrition: Protein, Fat, CHO

Diabetes


Balancing the research

Balancing the Research

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