The United States. Theodoulou. The U.S., 1945-2003. Theodoulou: “Significant change in the nation’s political institutions has not been accompanied by significant changes in political culture.” “Americans today view politics very similarly to Americans in 1945.”
Europe: warfare did not lead to centralization in the U.S.—Striking levels of decentralization
Limited Democracy (until 1965, due to racism and segregation). However, authoritarianism did not prevail because of decentralization of power and lack of coordination between elites.
Republican and Democratic Parties... Between Liberal and Conservative positionsShift?
Democrats: plantation owners in the South (but also) supporters of the New Deal and the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s
Republicans: traditionally opposed to slavery & Liberal in the North/opposed the Welfare State/supported by some of the most rightist groups
-Continuation of New Deal policies
-Prosperity (full employment, productivity rise)
-Cuts in Defense spending
1960 John Kennedy
-Continuation of the Cold War
-Rise of Social Movements
Lyndon Johnson (1963-1968)
-Committed to Civil Rights (Civil Rights Act 1964)
-Ambitious Reforms (“Great Society” inspired in the New Deal)
-Medicare, Medicaid, Affirmative Action, 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act.
Problems: the Vietnam War
-Relations with China
-(yet, local gvts. are part of the state system and depend on their States)