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School Mental Health: Working Toward a Shared Framework An International Perspective. Cheryl Vince Whitman President, Intercamhs Senior Vice President, EDC Director, WHO Collaborating Center November 5, 2009. Roots of Framework. Alma-Ata Declaration (1978); Ottawa Charter (1986);

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School Mental Health:Working Toward a Shared FrameworkAn International Perspective

Cheryl Vince WhitmanPresident, IntercamhsSenior Vice President, EDCDirector, WHO Collaborating Center

November 5, 2009


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Roots of Framework

  • Alma-Ata Declaration (1978);

  • Ottawa Charter (1986);

  • Health Promoting School (Global School Health Initiative 1995-present;

  • WHO Publications on Mental Health Promotion and Prevention of Disorders (2004)


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Alma-Ata Declaration 1978

  • Existing gross inequality in the health status of the people particularly between developed and developing countries & within countries is politically, socially and economically

  • unacceptable and is, therefore, of common concern to all countries.


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Ottawa Charter 1986

Health is to be created where people live, love, learn, work and play.




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WHO Definition of Mental Health

A state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community (WHO 2001a,p.1)


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Mental Health Promotion

Creation of individual, social and environmental conditions that enable optimal psychological and psycho-physiological development.


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Prevention Mental Disorders

Aims to:

  • reduce the time spent with symptoms or the risk condition for a mental illness;

  • prevent or delay recurrences; and

  • decrease the impact of illness in the affected person, their families& society (Mrazek & Haggerty, 1994)


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Conceptual Framework for Action

  • Focus on social and economic determinants of mental health

  • Involve the full range of health promotion methodologies that work at the population and subpopulation levels

  • Engage those working across sectors and settings



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Intercamhs’ Approach to Mental Health and Schools for schools and mental health?

UNIVERSAL MENTAL HEALTH PROMOTION

(100%)

SELECTIVE INTERVENTIONS

(youth at-risk for MH problems)

INDICATED INTERVENTIONS

(20-30%)

TREATMENT

(3-12%)


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Health Promoting : Mental Health for schools and mental health?


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Elements of Framework for schools and mental health?

  • Positive definition mental health;

  • Promotion and Prevention;

  • Whole school approach;

  • Universal, selected, indicated

  • Participation, diversity, inclusive.


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Elements of Framework for schools and mental health?

  • Universal, selected and indicated;

  • Draws on evidence;

  • Poverty and Social and economic factors as determinants;

  • Continuously assesses progress


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Contact Details for schools and mental health?

Cheryl Vince Whitman

President, IntercamhsSenior Vice President, EDCDirector, WHO Collaborating Center

[email protected] www.intercamhs.org Ph: 617-618-2300 www.hhd.org

EDC-Health and Human Development Division55 Chapel Street, Newton, MA, USA 02458-1060


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