Implications of EFL Critical Pedagogy. Theory, Practice, and Possibility. Presentation Outline. Part 1: Theoretical Background Progressivism C ritical pedagogy-Paulo Freire ESL critical pedagogy EFL critical pedagogy Classroom Practice. Progressivisim.
Theory, Practice, and Possibility
Critical pedagogy-Paulo Freire
ESL critical pedagogy
EFL critical pedagogy
-emphasized learning through activities rather than formal curricula.
-opposed traditional, authoritarian methods.
-is responsible for the changes in pedagogy as emphasis shifted from the institution to the students.
-Brazilian educator and theorist of critical pedagogy.
-Promoted critical literacy skills among the socially oppressed Brazilian farmers.
an aim of
-Language is not simply a means of expression or communication; rather, it is a practice that constructs and is constructed by the ways language learners understand themselves, their social surroundings, their histories, and their possibilities for the future.
-When the language classroom can be a place where students understand their own identities and their own society, language learning can be EMPOWERING.
-Relationship between language learning and social change is focused.
1. Materials and approaches should be relevant to the social, political, and cultural conditions of each group of students.
2. Topics should be locally situated and should meet learner needs in the society which they live in.
3. Subject matter should provide meaningful content for lessons.
4. Discussion topics such as ecology, gender roles, changing social identity, and employment equity are valid and appropriate topics for ESL classrooms.
5. Problem-posing and rights analysis are considered the most crucial aspect of the syllabus.
6. Awareness of the local, social, political issues promotes the participation in community, society and politics.
Shin and Crooks, 2005
What can we do?
-After 4 absences, 5 points will be taken off from your class points.
-2 tardiness equals one absence.
(example from 2nd year reading and writing class, 2x90min/week)
- After 3 UNEXCUSED absences, 5 points will be taken off from our class points.
-2 tardiness equals one absence.
-If we were late, we have to make a 2min speech in the beginning of the next class.
-The following reasons of absences should be excused if we email Ayako BEFORE the class:
Sickness (with a doctor’s note), extreme weather, cancelation/ delay in public transportation (provide a note from JR), and family emergencies.
-For the perfect attendance, we get 5 bonus points added to the final grade.
Child Labor/ Modern Day Slavery
What’s wrong with the picture?
What kind of social power(s) do you see reflected in the picture?
How does our community reproduce the power imbalance?
“By definition, teachers are agents of change, and true education in any real, transformative sense is radical by nature.
It’s our job to wobble systems, to gently incite personal revolutions within our students, and to rebel against educational practices and ideologies which lesson anyone’s change at becoming more than he or she is.
To say so in such terms is simply to put into words what all good teachers instinctively know and what most students instinctively recognize when they encounter such a teacher--
and I mean here, a teacher in any field, in or out of school, foreign or not-so foreign, with a course book or without any books at all.”
____Interview with Chuck Sandy (ELT journal, 2011).