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The Christian Basilica. Oct. 4, 2011. Introduction . The Christian Basilica : A Building Type. Old St. Peters, Rome, begun c. 320-321. Trinity Church Wall St. NYC, 1846. Trinity Church, Newport RI, 1725. Parthenon, Athens Greece, 447-438 B.C.E. Callicrates, Ictinus and Phidias.

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The Christian Basilica

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Introduction
Introduction

The Christian Basilica : A Building Type



The christian basilica

Trinity Church Wall St. NYC, 1846

Trinity Church, Newport RI, 1725



The christian basilica

Pantheon, Rome, c. 118-128 Ictinus and Phidias






Emperor constantine

Ruled 306-337 Ictinus and Phidias

Edict of Milan, 313 legalized Christianity

Built churches in Rome, and on sites associated with Christ in Judea

Founded Constantinople, (Byzantium, Istanbul), 330

Emperor Constantine





The christian basilica

Forum of Trajan, Rome, 98-117 Ictinus and Phidias

Plan of Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320


The christian basilica

Basilica Ulpia, Forum of Trajan, Rome, 98-117 Ictinus and Phidias

Plan of Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320






Ii the romanesque monastic church
II. The Romanesque Monastic Church Constantinian church, ca. 325


The christian basilica

Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120 Constantinian church, ca. 325

Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320


The christian basilica

Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120 Constantinian church, ca. 325

Santa Sabina, Rome, 423-432


The christian basilica

East end with radiating chapels, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

Plan, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120


The christian basilica

Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120 1080-1120

Saint Foy, reliquary statue, 10th-11th century



The christian basilica

Reconstructed view from the plan of the Monastery of St. Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.), The Dark Ages, The Making of European Civilization, London 1965


Cluny cluniac fontenay cistercian
Cluny-- Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.), CluniacFontenay-Cistercian


The christian basilica

Remains of Cluny III, 1088-1130 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Berzé-la-Ville, wall painting Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),

Saint Peter from Cluny


The christian basilica

Fontenay, Monastery Church, 1139-1147 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Fontenay, Monastery Church, 1139-1147 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Fontenay, Monastery Church, 1139-1147 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Iii the gothic cathedral
III. The Gothic Cathedral Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

East end, St. Eitenne, Beauvais, 1225-1272 and after 1284 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),

East end with radiating chapels, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120


Gothic characteristics
Gothic Characteristics Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),

  • Ribbed groin vaulting

  • Flying butttresses

  • Pointed (broken) arches

  • Continuous membering

  • Stained glass, diaphanous wall


The christian basilica

Notre Dame, Chartres, 1194-1227 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

View of the vaults, Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Ribbed groin vault
Ribbed groin vault Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Notre Dame, Chartres, 1194-1227 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Section of the choir, Notre Dame, Amiens, 1220-1236 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


The christian basilica

Stained glass, Notre Dame, Reims, 1211-1255 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),



The christian basilica

Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


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