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The Christian Basilica. Oct. 4, 2011. Introduction . The Christian Basilica : A Building Type. Old St. Peters, Rome, begun c. 320-321. Trinity Church Wall St. NYC, 1846. Trinity Church, Newport RI, 1725. Parthenon, Athens Greece, 447-438 B.C.E. Callicrates, Ictinus and Phidias.

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The Christian Basilica

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The Christian Basilica

Oct. 4, 2011


Introduction

The Christian Basilica : A Building Type


Old St. Peters, Rome, begun c. 320-321


Trinity Church Wall St. NYC, 1846

Trinity Church, Newport RI, 1725


Parthenon, Athens Greece, 447-438 B.C.E. Callicrates, Ictinus and Phidias


Pantheon, Rome, c. 118-128


Icon of Christ, Monastery of St. Catherine, Sinai, Egypt, 6th century CE


Dura Europos, Christian Baptistery, before 256 C.E.


I. Origin of the Christian Basilica


Old St. Peters, Rome, begun c. 320-321


Ruled 306-337

Edict of Milan, 313 legalized Christianity

Built churches in Rome, and on sites associated with Christ in Judea

Founded Constantinople, (Byzantium, Istanbul), 330

Emperor Constantine


Arch of Constantine, Rome 313-315


Old St. Peters, Rome, begun c. 320-321


St. Peter’s Rome, 1505 and later


Forum of Trajan, Rome, 98-117

Plan of Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320


Basilica Ulpia, Forum of Trajan, Rome, 98-117

Plan of Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320


Domes of the church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, 326


First century grave within the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem


Church of the Holy Sepulcher, plan and reconstruction of the Constantinian church, ca. 325


Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome Italy, ca. 432-40 C.E.


II. The Romanesque Monastic Church


Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320


Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

Santa Sabina, Rome, 423-432


East end with radiating chapels, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

Plan, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120


Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

Saint Foy, reliquary statue, 10th-11th century


Plan of the monastery of St. Gall, Switzerland, c. 820


Reconstructed view from the plan of the Monastery of St. Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.), The Dark Ages, The Making of European Civilization, London 1965


Cluny--CluniacFontenay-Cistercian


Remains of Cluny III, 1088-1130


Berzé-la-Ville, wall painting

Saint Peter from Cluny


Fontenay, Monastery Church, 1139-1147


Fontenay, Monastery Church, 1139-1147


Fontenay, Monastery Church, 1139-1147


III. The Gothic Cathedral


Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226


Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226


Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320


Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120


East end, St. Eitenne, Beauvais, 1225-1272 and after 1284

East end with radiating chapels, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120


Gothic Characteristics

  • Ribbed groin vaulting

  • Flying butttresses

  • Pointed (broken) arches

  • Continuous membering

  • Stained glass, diaphanous wall


Notre Dame, Chartres, 1194-1227


View of the vaults, Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226


Ribbed groin vault


Notre Dame, Chartres, 1194-1227


Section of the choir, Notre Dame, Amiens, 1220-1236


Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226


Stained glass, Notre Dame, Reims, 1211-1255


Window with Virgin and Child, Notre Dame Chartres, c. 1230


Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320


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