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The Christian Basilica. Oct. 4, 2011. Introduction . The Christian Basilica : A Building Type. Old St. Peters, Rome, begun c. 320-321. Trinity Church Wall St. NYC, 1846. Trinity Church, Newport RI, 1725. Parthenon, Athens Greece, 447-438 B.C.E. Callicrates, Ictinus and Phidias.

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Introduction

Introduction

The Christian Basilica : A Building Type



Trinity Church Wall St. NYC, 1846

Trinity Church, Newport RI, 1725



Pantheon, Rome, c. 118-128 Ictinus and Phidias






Emperor constantine

Ruled 306-337 Ictinus and Phidias

Edict of Milan, 313 legalized Christianity

Built churches in Rome, and on sites associated with Christ in Judea

Founded Constantinople, (Byzantium, Istanbul), 330

Emperor Constantine





Forum of Trajan, Rome, 98-117 Ictinus and Phidias

Plan of Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320


Basilica Ulpia, Forum of Trajan, Rome, 98-117 Ictinus and Phidias

Plan of Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320






Ii the romanesque monastic church

II. The Romanesque Monastic Church Constantinian church, ca. 325


Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120 Constantinian church, ca. 325

Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320


Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120 Constantinian church, ca. 325

Santa Sabina, Rome, 423-432


East end with radiating chapels, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

Plan, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120


Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120 1080-1120

Saint Foy, reliquary statue, 10th-11th century



Reconstructed view from the plan of the Monastery of St. Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.), The Dark Ages, The Making of European Civilization, London 1965


Cluny cluniac fontenay cistercian
Cluny-- Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.), CluniacFontenay-Cistercian


Remains of Cluny III, 1088-1130 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Berzé-la-Ville, wall painting Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),

Saint Peter from Cluny


Fontenay, Monastery Church, 1139-1147 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Fontenay, Monastery Church, 1139-1147 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Fontenay, Monastery Church, 1139-1147 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Iii the gothic cathedral

III. The Gothic Cathedral Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


East end, St. Eitenne, Beauvais, 1225-1272 and after 1284 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),

East end with radiating chapels, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120


Gothic characteristics
Gothic Characteristics Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),

  • Ribbed groin vaulting

  • Flying butttresses

  • Pointed (broken) arches

  • Continuous membering

  • Stained glass, diaphanous wall


Notre Dame, Chartres, 1194-1227 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


View of the vaults, Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Ribbed groin vault
Ribbed groin vault Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Notre Dame, Chartres, 1194-1227 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Section of the choir, Notre Dame, Amiens, 1220-1236 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Notre Dame, Amiens, c. 1220-1226 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),


Stained glass, Notre Dame, Reims, 1211-1255 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),



Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320 Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.),