Paralanguage
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Paralanguage. The way in which you say words ; volume, pitch, speaking rate, voice quality. Volume. How loudly or softly you are speaking When might you speak loudly? Softly?. Speaking Rate/ Pace. How fast or slow you are speaking When might you speak fast? slow?. Pitch.

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Paralanguage

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Paralanguage

The way in which you say words;

volume, pitch, speaking rate, voice quality


Volume

  • How loudly or softly you are speaking

  • When might you speak loudly?

  • Softly?


Speaking Rate/Pace

  • How fast or slow you are speaking

  • When might you speak fast?

  • slow?


Pitch

  • How high or low the sounds of your voice are

  • When do you speak with a high pitch?

  • Low?


Chart of FeelingsDo write this down.


Voice Quality

  • What makes people able to recognize you by your voice alone

  • Ex: on the phone

  • Who has a distinct voice?

    Arnold Schwarzenegger? Mr. H? Bush?


Stress

  • Volume & pitch; the amount of emphasis you place on different words in a sentence.


Stress Examples:How does meaning change in the following sentence by stressing different words?

  • I like him very much.

  • Meaning: You like him, not the other person.

  • I like him very much.

  • Meaning: It is that guy you like, not someone else.

  • I like him very much.

  • Meaning: You have very strong feelings.


More Examples:How does meaning change in the following sentence by stressing different words?

  • She’s giving this money to me.

  • Meaning: SHE is the one giving the money, nobody else.

  • She’s giving this money to me.

  • Meaning: She is GIVING, not lending.

  • She’s giving this money to me.

  • Meaning: MONEY is being exchanged, not anything else.

  • She’s giving this money to me.

  • Meaning: I am getting the money, nobody else.


10 Volunteers are needed to number off and remember their number. There will be a series of sentences. The odd numbers will say the sentences as a praise. The even numbers will say the sentences as a criticism.Praise (odd #s) vs. Critisism (even #s)


That looks good on you.

  • #1 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.

  • Answer: That looks good (high pitch) on you.

  • #2 say the sentence as a criticism.

  • Answer: That (low) looks good on you.


That was some meal.

  • #3 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.

  • Answer: That was some meal (high).

  • #4 say the sentence as a criticism.

  • Answer: That was somemeal (low) . Or That (low) was some meal.


You’re an expert.

  • #5 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.

  • Answer: You’re (high) an expert (high).

  • #6 say the sentence as a criticism.

  • Answer: You’re an expert (low).


You’re so sensitive.

  • #7 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.

  • Answer: You’re so sensitive (high).

  • #8 say the sentence as a criticism.

  • Answer: You’re so (low) sensitive.


Are you ready?

  • #9 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.

  • Answer: Are you ready (high)?

  • #10 say the sentence as a criticism.

  • Answer: Are you (low) ready (high)?


Proxemics

The study of spatial communication


Four Distances depending on the type of encounter and the nature of the relationship


Intimate Distance: 0-18 inches

  • situations: Giving comfort or aid, whispering, conversing w/ close friends and family, kissing

  • We are easily stimulated in this distance, but often easily uncomfortable.

  • EX: personal space. Who do we let in it?


Personal Distance: 18 inches-4 feet

  • Situations: Talking w/ friends or business associates, instructing in a sport, other students in class

  • We’re mostly in this distance.

  • If you decrease to intimate in this distance people feel uncomfortable, but if you increase your distance people feel rejected.


Social Distance: 4 ft - 12 ft

  • Situations: Discussing impersonal or business matters w/ someone in authority, taking part in a small group discussion


Public Distance: 12 ft - 25 ft

  • Situations: Public speaking, teaching a class, leading a pep rally, fans in the stands at a game, people waiting in a lobby

  • Mostly with strangers we do not want to interact with


Conclusions

  • Based on the four types of distances and their examples, what can you conclude about the correlation between the distance people have with you and what that might mean?

  • The closer the more they like you; the farther away the less personal.


Haptics

The study of touch communication


5 reasons we touch:


1. Positive emotions

  • support, appreciation, inclusion, sexual interest, and affection

  • Communicates composure, affection, trust


2. Playfulness

  • Tells the other person not to take them seriously


3. Control

  • touch controls another person’s behaviors, attitudes, feelings

  • EX: “move over,”“hurry,”“stay there”


4. Ritualistic

  • greetings and departures

  • EX: shaking hands, kiss, hug, or put arm on shoulder


5. Task-related

  • Touch for a task

  • EX: removing of a hair on other’s shirt, checking fore-head for a fever

  • Customers gave larger tips when lightly touched by waitress (Marsh 1988)


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