Paralanguage
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Paralanguage. The way in which you say words ; volume, pitch, speaking rate, voice quality. Volume. How loudly or softly you are speaking When might you speak loudly? Softly?. Speaking Rate/ Pace. How fast or slow you are speaking When might you speak fast? slow?. Pitch.

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Paralanguage

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Paralanguage

Paralanguage

The way in which you say words;

volume, pitch, speaking rate, voice quality


Volume

Volume

  • How loudly or softly you are speaking

  • When might you speak loudly?

  • Softly?


Speaking rate pace

Speaking Rate/Pace

  • How fast or slow you are speaking

  • When might you speak fast?

  • slow?


Pitch

Pitch

  • How high or low the sounds of your voice are

  • When do you speak with a high pitch?

  • Low?


Chart of feelings do write this down

Chart of FeelingsDo write this down.


Voice quality

Voice Quality

  • What makes people able to recognize you by your voice alone

  • Ex: on the phone

  • Who has a distinct voice?

    Arnold Schwarzenegger? Mr. H? Bush?


Stress

Stress

  • Volume & pitch; the amount of emphasis you place on different words in a sentence.


Stress examples how does meaning change in the following sentence by stressing different words

Stress Examples:How does meaning change in the following sentence by stressing different words?

  • I like him very much.

  • Meaning: You like him, not the other person.

  • I like him very much.

  • Meaning: It is that guy you like, not someone else.

  • I like him very much.

  • Meaning: You have very strong feelings.


More examples how does meaning change in the following sentence by stressing different words

More Examples:How does meaning change in the following sentence by stressing different words?

  • She’s giving this money to me.

  • Meaning: SHE is the one giving the money, nobody else.

  • She’s giving this money to me.

  • Meaning: She is GIVING, not lending.

  • She’s giving this money to me.

  • Meaning: MONEY is being exchanged, not anything else.

  • She’s giving this money to me.

  • Meaning: I am getting the money, nobody else.


Paralanguage

10 Volunteers are needed to number off and remember their number. There will be a series of sentences. The odd numbers will say the sentences as a praise. The even numbers will say the sentences as a criticism.Praise (odd #s) vs. Critisism (even #s)


That looks good on you

That looks good on you.

  • #1 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.

  • Answer: That looks good (high pitch) on you.

  • #2 say the sentence as a criticism.

  • Answer: That (low) looks good on you.


That was some meal

That was some meal.

  • #3 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.

  • Answer: That was some meal (high).

  • #4 say the sentence as a criticism.

  • Answer: That was somemeal (low) . Or That (low) was some meal.


You re an expert

You’re an expert.

  • #5 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.

  • Answer: You’re (high) an expert (high).

  • #6 say the sentence as a criticism.

  • Answer: You’re an expert (low).


You re so sensitive

You’re so sensitive.

  • #7 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.

  • Answer: You’re so sensitive (high).

  • #8 say the sentence as a criticism.

  • Answer: You’re so (low) sensitive.


Are you ready

Are you ready?

  • #9 say the sentence as a praise. Think about which words you stress for the meaning and if your pitch is high/low.

  • Answer: Are you ready (high)?

  • #10 say the sentence as a criticism.

  • Answer: Are you (low) ready (high)?


Proxemics

Proxemics

The study of spatial communication


Four distances depending on the type of encounter and the nature of the relationship

Four Distances depending on the type of encounter and the nature of the relationship


Intimate distance 0 18 inches

Intimate Distance: 0-18 inches

  • situations: Giving comfort or aid, whispering, conversing w/ close friends and family, kissing

  • We are easily stimulated in this distance, but often easily uncomfortable.

  • EX: personal space. Who do we let in it?


Personal distance 18 inches 4 feet

Personal Distance: 18 inches-4 feet

  • Situations: Talking w/ friends or business associates, instructing in a sport, other students in class

  • We’re mostly in this distance.

  • If you decrease to intimate in this distance people feel uncomfortable, but if you increase your distance people feel rejected.


Social distance 4 ft 12 ft

Social Distance: 4 ft - 12 ft

  • Situations: Discussing impersonal or business matters w/ someone in authority, taking part in a small group discussion


Public distance 12 ft 25 ft

Public Distance: 12 ft - 25 ft

  • Situations: Public speaking, teaching a class, leading a pep rally, fans in the stands at a game, people waiting in a lobby

  • Mostly with strangers we do not want to interact with


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Based on the four types of distances and their examples, what can you conclude about the correlation between the distance people have with you and what that might mean?

  • The closer the more they like you; the farther away the less personal.


Haptics

Haptics

The study of touch communication


5 reasons we touch

5 reasons we touch:


1 positive emotions

1. Positive emotions

  • support, appreciation, inclusion, sexual interest, and affection

  • Communicates composure, affection, trust


2 playfulness

2. Playfulness

  • Tells the other person not to take them seriously


3 control

3. Control

  • touch controls another person’s behaviors, attitudes, feelings

  • EX: “move over,”“hurry,”“stay there”


4 ritualistic

4. Ritualistic

  • greetings and departures

  • EX: shaking hands, kiss, hug, or put arm on shoulder


5 task related

5. Task-related

  • Touch for a task

  • EX: removing of a hair on other’s shirt, checking fore-head for a fever

  • Customers gave larger tips when lightly touched by waitress (Marsh 1988)


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