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Civil War Begins. By Mr. Sims. Attempts at Compromise. Crittendon Compromise proposed that the Union be preserved, but the Missouri Compromise line be extended through the rest of the western territories Kentucky Senator James Crittendon

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Civil war begins

Civil War Begins

By Mr. Sims


Attempts at compromise
Attempts at Compromise

  • Crittendon Compromise proposed that the Union be preserved, but the Missouri Compromise line be extended through the rest of the western territories

    • Kentucky Senator James Crittendon

    • Lincoln quickly rejected this idea because he was against slavery


Fall of fort sumter
Fall of Fort Sumter

Located in the port city of Charleston, SC

After the fort fell, the South was judged to be in a state of rebellion

When the first 7 states seceded, they took with them many federal forts, mints, & arsenals within their borders


Fall of fort sumter1
Fall of Fort Sumter

The fort was still under federal control

The South needed the fort in order to control the access to Charleston

If the North lost the fort, it would be a sign that Lincoln wouldn’t protect federal property in the seceded states


Fall of fort sumter2
Fall of Fort Sumter

The fort began to run out of supplies

Lincoln notified the South that he would send UNARMED supply ships to re-arm the fort, a strategy he used to get the South to fire first and be seen as the aggressors

The South did fire and Sumter fell in 34 hours



Fall of fort sumter3
Fall of Fort Sumter

Lincoln called for the Union States to provide 75,000 soldiers to fight the South

4 more Southern states seceded from the Union putting the total at 11

The Confederacy names Richmond, Virginia their capital


Fall of fort sumter4
Fall of Fort Sumter

4 other border states (slave states) remained in the Union

West Virginia broke away from Virginia because they wanted to remain loyal to the Union

WV was admitted into Union as a slave state


Fall of fort sumter5
Fall of Fort Sumter

Lincoln felt he had to keep these states, especially Maryland

If Maryland seceded the Union capital of Washington DC would be lost to the Confederacy

Lincoln declares publicly that he is fighting not to free slaves but to save the Union


Advantages of the north
Advantages of the North

Larger population

Greater industrial resources

More railroad lines

Possession of US Navy


Advantages of the south
Advantages of the South

  • Would be fighting a defensive war

  • Excellent military leaders

    • Robert E. Lee

      - Joseph Johnston


Battle of bull run
Battle of Bull Run

  • First Battle – led to over confidence of Confederates

    • Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson and his men held the left side of the confederate line


Battle of bull run1
Battle of Bull Run

  • Confederate victory shocked the North

  • Made ALL realize war wouldn’t be short

  • Training and planning emphasized

    • Joseph Johnston named Confederate army commander

    • George McClellan head of Union forces


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