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School-Wide PBIS: Middle/High Getting Started. George Sugai OSEP Center on PBIS Center for Behavioral Education & Research University of Connecticut August 12, 2008 www.pbis.org www.cber.org www.swis.org George.sugai@uconn.edu. www.pbis.org. PURPOSE

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School-Wide PBIS:Middle/High Getting Started

George Sugai

OSEP Center on PBIS

Center for Behavioral Education & Research

University of Connecticut

August 12, 2008

www.pbis.org www.cber.org www.swis.org

George.sugai@uconn.edu


www.pbis.org


PURPOSE

Enhance capacity of school teams to provide the best behavioral supports for all students and maximize academic & social achievement.


MAIN YR 1-2 OUTCOME OBJECTIVES

  • Leadership team

  • Staff agreements

  • Working knowledge of SW-PBS practices & systems

  • Yr 1 SW-PBS individualized action plan

    • Proposal, Agreements, Team, Data

Today: Content Orientation

Tomorrow: Team Action Plan


Getting Started - Today

  • Foundations (George)

    • Rationale, Definitions, Features

  • Practices & Systems (Charlie)

    • Teaming, agreements, data-decision making

    • Teaching & encouraging expectations

    • Discouraging rule violations


“141 Days!”

Intermediate/senior high school with 880 students reported over 5,100 office discipline referrals in one academic year. Nearly 2/3 of students have received at least one office discipline referral.


5100 referrals =

51,000 min @10 min =

850 hrs =

141 days @ 6 hrs


“Da place ta be”

During 4th period, in-school detention room has so many students that overflow is sent to counselor’s office. Most students have been assigned for being in hallways after the late bell.


“Four corners”

Three rival gangs are competing for “four corners.” Teachers actively avoid the area. Because of daily conflicts, vice principal has moved her desk to four corners.


“Smoke Pit”

45 cigarette smoking violations have been reported in past month by security staff & neighbors.


“Where ya supposed to be?

During 3rd & 6th block periods, more students are in the hallways & outside the building than in class…& neighbors are complaining!


MS/HS worry about…

  • Low academic achievement

  • Antisocial school culture & behavior

    • Insubordination, dress code, language use, etc

    • Low attendance, tardies, substance use

    • Withdrawal, depression, emotional disturbances

    • Dropping out, substance use, delinquency

  • Graduation, careers, postsecondary

  • Social skill deficits


SWIS summary 07-08 July 2, 20082,717 sch, 1,377,989 stds; 1,232,826 Maj ODRs


2 Worrisome & Ineffective Responses to Problem Behavior

  • Get Tough (practices)

  • Train-&-Hope (systems)


Worry #1:Getting Tough approach

Runyon: “I hate this f____ing school, & you’re a dumbf_____.”

Teacher: “That is disrespectful language. I’m sending you to the office so you’ll learn never to say those words again. When you’re ready to take responsibility for your actions & behave like an adult, you can be in my classroom!”


Increasingly “aversive” reactive discipline continuum

  • Warning

  • ODR & warning

  • ODR & in-school suspension

  • ODR & out-school suspension

  • Expulsion hearing


Get Tough Philosophy

  • Increase monitoring for future problem behavior

  • Clamp down on rule violators

  • Re-re-re-review rules & sanctions

  • Extend continuum of aversive consequences

  • Improve consistency of use of punishments

  • Establish “bottom line”


Predictable reactive responses

When we experience aversive situation, we select interventions that produce immediate relief by

  • Removing student

  • Removing ourselves

  • Modifying physical environment

  • Assign responsibility for change to student &/or others


System’s response…Get tougher

  • Zero tolerance policies

  • Security guards & metal detectors, & surveillance cameras

  • Student uniforms

  • Expulsion

  • Exclusionary options (e.g., alternative programs)


But….false sense of safety & security!

  • Fosters environments of control

  • Triggers & reinforces antisocial behavior

  • Shifts accountability away from school

  • Devalues child-adult relationship

  • Weakens relationship between academic & social behavior programming


Assumptions

  • Adolescents should know better…most do

  • Adolescent will “get it” & change…many do

  • Adolescents must take responsibility for own behavior….most know they should & do….appropriately & inappropriately

  • Punishment teaches right way….not really

  • Parents will take care of it…many try

  • Adolescents will learn from natural consequences….most do

    WHAT ABOUR NON-RESPONDERS?


Science of behavior has taught us that students….

  • Are NOT born with “bad behaviors”

  • Do NOT learn when presented contingent aversive consequences

    ……..Do learn better ways of behaving by being taught directly & receiving positive feedback


Pay attention to function

  • “Lantana, you skipped 2 school days, so we’re going to suspend you for 2 more.”

  • “Phloem, I’m taking your book away because you obviously aren’t ready to learn.”

  • “You want my attention?! I’ll show you attention,…let’s take a walk down to the office & have a little chat with the Principal.”


Worry #2:“Train & Hope”


So…How should we respond?

  • Surgeon General’s Report on Youth Violence (2001)

  • Coordinated Social Emotional & Learning (Greenberg et al., 2003)

  • Center for Study & Prevention of Violence (2006)

  • White House Conference on School Violence (2006)

  • Positive, predictable school-wide climate

  • High rates of academic & social success

  • Formal social skills instruction

  • Positive active supervision & reinforcement

  • Positive adult role models

  • Multi-component, multi-year school-family-community effort


SW-PBS Logic!

Successful individual student behavior support is linked to host environments or school climates that are effective, efficient, relevant, & durable for all students

(Zins & Ponti, 1990)


Supporting Social Competence &

Academic Achievement

4 PBS Elements

OUTCOMES

Supporting

Decision

Making

Supporting

Staff Behavior

DATA

SYSTEMS

PRACTICES

Supporting

Student Behavior

p. 10-11


Tertiary Prevention:

Specialized

Individualized

Systems for Students with High-Risk Behavior

CONTINUUM OF

SCHOOL-WIDE

INSTRUCTIONAL &

POSITIVE BEHAVIOR

SUPPORT

~5%

Secondary Prevention:

Specialized Group

Systems for Students with At-Risk Behavior

~15%

Primary Prevention:

School-/Classroom-

Wide Systems for

All Students,

Staff, & Settings

p. 16

~80% of Students


p. 24-32

Team

GENERAL IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS: “Getting Started”

Agreements

Data-based

Action Plan

Evaluation

Implementation


p. 12-14

SWPBS

Subsystems

School-wide

Classroom

Family

Non-classroom

Student


p. 33 A

School-wide

1.Common purpose & approach to discipline

2.Clear set of positive expectations & behaviors

3. Procedures for teaching expected behavior

4.Continuum of procedures for encouraging expected behavior

5. Continuum of procedures for discouraging inappropriate behavior

6. Procedures for on-going monitoring & evaluation


p. 69

Non-classroom

  • Positive expectations & routines taught & encouraged

  • Active supervision by all staff

    • Scan, move, interact

  • Precorrections & reminders

  • Positive reinforcement


p. 78

Classroom

  • Classroom-wide positive expectations taught & encouraged

  • Teaching classroom routines & cuestaught & encouraged

  • Ratio of 6-8 positive to 1 negative adult-student interaction

  • Active supervision

  • Redirections for minor, infrequent behavior errors

  • Frequent precorrections for chronic errors

  • Effective academic instruction & curriculum


  • Individual Student

  • Behavioral competence at school & district levels

  • Function-based behavior support planning

  • Team- & data-based decision making

  • Comprehensive person-centered planning & wraparound processes

  • Targeted social skills & self-management instruction

  • Individualized instructional & curricular accommodations


Family

  • Continuum of positive behavior support for all families

  • Frequent, regular positive contacts, communications, & acknowledgements

  • Formal & active participation & involvement as equal partner

  • Access to system of integrated school & community resources


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