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Check-in Check-out: A Follow Up. Objectives. “Checking in” Integrating CICO into your school-wide system Advanced/Problem Solving for CICO Taking stock: CICO Self Assessment Goals for CICO implementation. Checking In. Brief update (discuss in your teams):

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Check in check out a follow up

Check-in Check-out:A Follow Up


Objectives

Objectives

  • “Checking in”

  • Integrating CICO into your school-wide system

  • Advanced/Problem Solving for CICO

  • Taking stock:

    • CICO Self Assessment

    • Goals for CICO implementation


Checking in

Checking In

  • Brief update (discuss in your teams):

    • Where are you at with CICO implementation?

    • 2-4 things that are going well with CICO

    • 2-4 things that could be improved


Integrating cico into your school wide system

Integrating CICO Into Your School-wide System


Check in check out a follow up

CONTINUUM OF

SCHOOL-WIDE

POSITIVE BEHAVIOR

SUPPORT

Comprehensive Supports

Function-based Support

Group Interventions

w/function-based modifications

  • Secondary Prevention Group Interventions for students “at risk”

    • CICO

    • First Steps to Success

    • Skills groups

Primary Prevention:

School/Classroom-

Wide Systems for

All Students,

Staff, & Settings


Check in check out a follow up

TEAM Coordination of supports

Individual Student-Focused Team assess & plan supports

Comprehensive & Function Based Supports

  • Screening (GrIP or IPBIS) team identifies & monitors

  • Secondary Prevention Group Interventions for students “at risk”

    • CICO, First Steps to Success, Skills groups

    • Group interventions w/modifications

  • PBIS team identifies & monitors universal, school-wide strategies

  • Coordinates teaching & reviewing school-wide expectations across settings (playground, cafeteria, classroom, etc.)

  • Coordinates consistent system of responding to behaviors

  • Coordinates training activities & updates for staff on behavior support


Example intensivepbis systems

Example: IntensivePBIS Systems

  • Teams to support all students

    • PBIS

    • IPBIS Team (GrIP, SST, Screening, whatever you want to call it…)

      • Responsibilities

        • Facilitator

        • Time Keeper

        • Note Taker

        • Data analyst(s)

      • Membership

        • Coordinator

        • Administrator

        • FBA coordinator (Behavior Specialist)

        • Targeted interventions coordinator

        • Academic specialist

        • Representation from Regular and Special ed.

        • Other specialists as needed


Screening intensivepbis team or whatever you want to call it

Screening/IntensivePBIS Team(or whatever you want to call it)

  • Develop an Efficient Teaming Process

    • Build on strengths of existing teams

  • Review yellow & red zone data regularly to:

    • ID students in need of behavioral support

    • Monitor progress of students receiving support

    • Guide decisions regarding student intervention (RTI)

    • Monitor interventions, implementation & action items

    • Review effectiveness of each Targeted Interventions to determine overall effectiveness


Example intensivepbis systems1

Example: IntensivePBIS Systems

  • Teams to support all students

    • PBIS

    • IPBIS team

    • Core Student-focused team (NOT A STANDING TEAM)Responsibilities

      • Conduct functional behavior assessment

      • Build support plan

      • Monitor progress, Coordinate next steps of evaluation & supports as needed

    • Membership

      • Someone with expertise in function-based support

      • Teacher(s), other stakeholders

      • Parent, student


What does this look like in your school

What does this look like in your school?

  • In your groups, discuss:

    • Where will monitoring of CICO take place?

      • GrIP team

      • PBIS team

      • Create new IPBIS team

      • Other

    • How often will monitoring take place?

  • Focus on working with structures that are already in place!


Advanced implementation of check in check out systems adapting and fading support

Advanced Implementation of Check in Check out Systems:Adapting and Fading Support


Overview

Overview

  • Creating a system that will be effective and efficient

  • When it’s not working:

    Adapting/Modifying the program

  • When it is working:

    Fading the program

  • Questions


Review why secondary interventions

Review: Why Secondary Interventions?

It can take 2-4 weeks to conduct a Red Zone intervention:

Complete Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA)

Develop a behavior support plan

Train everyone in implementation

Students can receive support within 72 hours with CICO

*CICO is effective for about 80% of students!


Benefits of point card prompts

Benefits of point card prompts

  • For staff

    • Reminder for specific feedback to student at regular intervals

  • For student

    • Reminder of schedule for day

    • Reminder of specific behavioral expectations and goals for the day

    • A ‘ticket’ for self-recruiting feedback from teachers and parents

    • Progress monitoring tool

  • For school

    • Provides data for data entry for student monitoring and program monitoring

    • Communication


Check in check out a follow up

Student Recommended for CICO

CICO is Implemented

The entire system is essential

CICO Coordinator

Summarizes Data

For Decision Making

Morning

Check-in

Parent

Feedback

Regular Teacher

Feedback

Bi-weekly Meeting

to Assess Student

Progress

Afternoon

Check-out

Revise

Program

Exit

Program

Hawken, 2002


Establishing a good cico system

Establishing a good CICO system

  • Plan, Plan, Plan!

  • Document, Document, Document!

  • Create a CICO manual that describes all of the procedures for students and staff

  • The manual needs to provide enough detail that a staff member could look at it and get a good understanding of the system

  • CICO Action Planning Tool


Establishing a good cico system1

Establishing a good CICO system

  • Lessons from other schools:

    Consistent check-in and -out person with some

    flexibility in their job role

    Check-in and -out is in a convenient location!

    On the way in and out of the building

    Efficiency is key

    Keep a positive focus- attitude of the adults is key


Indicators of a good system

Indicators of a good system

  • All staff know how to access/implement the program

    • The process is predictable & positive for all

  • Rapid access to intervention

  • Low effort for teachers/staff to implement

    • Generic intervention, minimal time

  • Consistent with school-wide expectations

    • Goal to get back to green!


Check in check out a follow up

CICO Self- Assessment


Check in check out a follow up

Student Recommended for CICO

CICO is Implemented

CICO Coordinator

Summarizes Data

For Decision Making

Morning

Check-in

Parent

Feedback

Regular Teacher

Feedback

Regular Meeting

to Assess Student

Progress

Afternoon

Check-out

It is not working!!!!

Revise

Program

Exit

Program

Hawken, 2002


Who is successful on standard cico

Who is successful on standard CICO?

  • Students who like attention

  • Students who are in the “yellow zone”

  • Students who are displaying mild-moderate levels of problem behavior throughout the day

  • Students who may come to school in a “bad mood” due to setting events on the bus or at home


Who is not successful on cico alone

Who is not successful on CICO alone?

  • Students who are in the “red zone”

  • Students who do not like adult attention

  • Students who are engaging in problem behavior to avoid difficult academic tasks

  • Students who only have problems in a specific setting (recess, music, etc.)


Intensifying cico

Intensifying CICO

  • Use a team approach to problem-solving

    • Don’t get discouraged

  • Use data to determine modifications

    • Points, No data-fidelity, Rewards

  • A brief teacher interview (FACTS)

    • or detailed information on a referral form may be useful (Request for Assistance)


Decision guidelines

Decision Guidelines

  • Student progress monitoring

    • Generic guidelines for concern:

      • 5 consecutive data points under goal that make a flat line or

        three consecutive days of decreasing point earned percentage under goal.

      • Teacher, parent, student testimonies

    • Decision Rule for modifying intervention:

      • Student is below goal for 2-3 weeks of intervention

      • For example: Student is not making 80% of points 80% of the time (student is below goal line 80% of the time for 2-3 weeks)

  • Fidelity and effectiveness of targeted intervention

    • Use CICO- SWIS reports

    • Get teacher satisfaction data


Data analyst

Data analyst

  • Before the meeting

    • Review student data and use decision rules to

      • Determine students who are doing well

      • Determine students of concern

  • During the meeting

    • Provide summary of # of students doing well

    • Provide data for students of concern

    • Plan supports or additional data to gather


Let s look at some data

Let’s look at some data

Charlie


Let s look at some data1

Let’s look at some data

What questions would we ask?


Let s look at some data2

Let’s look at some data

Maude

= Office Discipline Referral


Typical reasons cico may not be working for an individual student

Typical Reasons CICO may not be working for an individual student

1.The program does not match the perceived function of the problem behavior

Is the student motivated by adult attention?

2.The rewards are not powerful or desirable for the student

3. Low fidelity

4. The student needs more instruction on how to use the program


Troubleshooting intensifying cico

Troubleshooting: Intensifying CICO

Problem: The student has academic skill deficits, and may be trying to escape the task

Possible Modifications:

  • Provide additional academic support!

  • Pre-teach skills/lessons prior to the lesson

  • Allow breaks or homework passes as rewards

  • Modify instruction

  • The most important thing to remember: The “escape” will not go away until the student gains the academic skills


Troubleshooting intensifying cico1

Troubleshooting: Intensifying CICO

Problem: The student does not seem to be motivated by the rewards

Possible Modifications:

  • Talk to student! They may have great ideas about possible rewards

  • Reduce the amount of points the student needs to earn a reward

  • Give the student more opportunities to earn points (more teacher check in times)


Troubleshooting intensifying cico2

Troubleshooting: Intensifying CICO

Problem: Low Fidelity – The teacher isn’t marking the card

Possible Modifications:

  • Problem solve barriers with the teacher

    • Re-training

    • Time, Remembering, Philosophy, Training

  • Find times that are more convenient to the teacher

    • Model CI/CO again

  • Teach the student to approach the teacher to get the card marked


Troubleshooting intensifying cico3

Troubleshooting: Intensifying CICO

Problem: Low Fidelity – The student does not check in/out

Possible Modifications:

  • Ensure that the student has enough time to get to class on time or make it to the bus

  • Provide “late slips” to students who are late

  • Have the check in/out time be fun and positive

    • Is student earning goals? Follow-through?

    • How delayed is back-up reinforcer


Check in check out a follow up

CICO Fidelity Checklist


Troubleshooting modifying cico

Troubleshooting: Modifying CICO

Problem: The student needs more instruction on CICO skills

Possible Modifications:

  • Provide a thorough overview of the program and review procedures on a regular basis

  • Provide explicit examples and non-examples of desired behaviors

  • Role play the behaviors to give the student time to practice


Big ideas intensifying support

Big Ideas: Intensifying Support

  • Use decision rules

  • Focus on smallest change to CICO 1st

  • Problem-solve with teacher

  • Change reward system

  • Analyze data

    • Certain time of day, certain day of week

  • Keep trying! Encourage teacher & student!


Overview1

Overview

  • Creating a system that will be effective and efficient

  • When it’s not working:

    Adapting/Modifying the program

  • When it is working:

    Fading the program

  • Questions


Check in check out a follow up

Student Recommended for CICO

CICO is Implemented

CICO Coordinator

Summarizes Data

For Decision Making

Morning

Check-in

Parent

Feedback

Regular Teacher

Feedback

Bi-weekly SST Meeting

to Assess Student

Progress

Afternoon

Check-out

Fading the program

Revise

Program

Exit

Program

Hawken, 2002


Why do we want to fade the support

Why do we want to fade the support?

  • To free up resources for other children who may need more support

  • We want students to learn to manage their own behavior

  • We don’t want students to carry a behavior card for years


When should we fade cico

When Should We Fade CICO?

  • The student should have demonstrated success over time

  • What are your decision rules?

    • BEP book, 80-80-4

      • Student earns 80% of points, 80% of the time, for 4

      • weeks

    • Majors…Minors (Remember to consider referrals!)

    • Realistic expectations…we all make mistakes sometimes


Celebrating graduation

Celebrating Graduation

  • CICO Graduation celebration

  • CICO “Alumni” parties

  • Older/Faded/Alumni students support younger, newer CICO students

  • Transition to new roles in the school that carry responsibilities and still provide attention for appropriate behavior

    • Self-monitors, PBIS leaders, etc.


Let s look at some data3

Let’s look at some data

Brooklyn


Let s look at some data4

Let’s look at some data

Carlos


How do we fade cico

How do we fade CICO?

There are several options –

  • Simply take the intervention away

  • Increase goal

  • Gradually remove different components of CICO

  • Teach the student to self-monitor

    Unlike intensifying…Standardizefading for most students with ‘fading phases’


Gradually fading components of cico

Gradually Fading Components of CICO

  • This strategy works well for many students

  • Different components of CICO are reduced or removed slowly

  • For example, the student may have fewer times that he/she checks in with the teacher, reduce the number of points that are possible, or increase the number of points needed for “prizes”


Gradually fading components of cico1

Gradually Fading Components of CICO

  • Decide what components will be faded

  • Document the plan

  • Meet with the student to explain the changes

  • Be sure to present the changes as positive to the student (they may not like having to earn more points!)

  • Monitor the student’s progress while fading CICO, and make changes as needed


Sample fading components

Sample Fading Components

  • Decrease number of check-ins

    • Check in/out with staff person but decrease from 5 to 3 times with teacher

    • Check in/out with staff but decrease from 3 to 1 time with teacher

    • Check in/out with staff but no card to class


Self monitoring

Self-monitoring

  • Self-monitoring is a great option for fading CICO

    • Teaching a student to monitor his or her own behavior will teach skills that are needed to be successful in the school environment

  • The downside: it takes time and planning to teach the student to monitor his or her own behavior with accuracy

  • Typically, young students (K-2) may have trouble learning to self-monitor


Self monitoring1

Self-monitoring

Self-monitoring consists of several components:

  • Self-evaluation – How did I do?

  • Self-recording – Write down how I did

  • Self-reinforcement – I did a great job!

  • Self-recruitment of praise – Look, I did a great job!


Self monitoring2

Self-monitoring

Step 1: Train the student

Training Includes:

- Telling the student about the changes in the program

- Teaching the student how to evaluate his or her behavior (with lots of examples)

- Teach the student how to record his or

her rating on the card

- Teach the student how to recruit praise


Self monitoring3

Self-Monitoring

Step 2: Accuracy Checks

- Initially, teachers should continue to rate

student behavior & compare student ratings

- This should occur until the student has rated his or her behavior with 90% accuracy for at least two weeks & student is meeting their

goal

- Students should receive praise and points for

accuracy as well as positive behavior


Self monitoring4

Self-Monitoring

Step 3: Students rate their own behavior

- After meeting a criterion/decision rule, check-

ins with teachers should be reduced

- Teachers should still check the student’s card

for accuracy at certain times

- Students continue to rate their own behavior

- After the student has become accurate, and is displaying appropriate behavior, other features

of the intervention may be faded


Check in check out a follow up

CICO Card

Name: ____________________________ Date: _____________

3 = Great2 = Okay1 = Hard Time + = Accurate - = Not accurate


Fade self monitor check ins

Fade Self-Monitor Check-Ins

  • Decrease number of check-ins

    • Check in/out with staff person but decrease from 5 to 3 times with teacher

    • Check in/out with staff but only self monitoring and teacher signature on card

    • Check in/out with staff but no card


Sample phases of cico katie wesley riverside elementary n clackamas

Sample Phases of CICOKatie Wesley Riverside Elementary N. Clackamas

  • 1 Full CICO

    • 80% of points for 18 to 20 days move to phase 2

    • 60-80% of points stay at phase 1

    • > 60% of points cycle to IPBS intensify

  • 2 CICO Self-Management with Full Check-ins

    • 80% of points earned for 2 wks move to phase 3

    • 60-80% of points stay at phase 2

    • > 60% cycle back to phase 1


Sample phases of cico katie wesley riverside elementary n clackamas1

Sample Phases of CICOKatie Wesley Riverside Elementary N. Clackamas

  •  3 CICO Self-Management with Decreased Check-ins

    • 80% of points for 2 weeks move to phase 4

    • 60-80% of points stay at phase 3

    • > 60% cycle back to phase 2

  • 4 Full Self-management of CICO

    • Based on student performance team meets to discuss exiting CICO (e.g., 80% of points earned for 2 wks)

    • 60-80% of points stay at phase 4

    • > 60% cycle back to phase 3

**If student repeats phase more than 2x revisit at IPBS


Questions

Questions?


Taking stock

Taking Stock

  • As a team, review the CICO Self Assessment

  • What areas are firmly in place?

  • What areas still need to be addressed?

    Steps that need to be taken


Check in check out a follow up

CICO Self- Assessment


Next steps

Next Steps

  • Document all of your CICO process

    • Decide on a systematic plan for fading students

    • Consider celebrations

    • Consider options for intensifying

    • Consider how to monitor & support fidelity of implementation/staff buy-in

    • Plan for regular staff updates next year


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