LO - To know about changes in one aspect of Britain since 1948. To understand the contribution of immigrant women to nursing since 1948. Success Criteria - ‘I understand that immigrant women made a significant contribution to the nursing profession after 1948’.
Success Criteria - ‘I understand that immigrant women made a significant contribution to the nursing profession after 1948’.
When the Second World War ended in 1945, it was quickly recognised that the reconstruction of the British economy required a large influx of immigrant labour.
From 1949 senior nursing professionals went to the Caribbean to recruit for staff.
By 1955, 16 British colonies had set up selection and recruitment procedures to ensure a steady flow of colonial nursing candidates for the NHS:
British Guiana (now Guyana)
Leeward Islands (Antigua, Montserrat and St Kitts)
Trinidad & Tobago
Windward Islands (Dominica, Grenada, St Lucia and St Vincent)
Caribbean women wishing to apply for nurse training in Britain had to be aged 19–30, qualified to matriculation level (equivalent to today’s GCSEs) and English-speaking.
Royal London Hospital Archives: ME/P/19
Most recruits (or more usually their parents) had to pay their own fares and training expenses. From 1955 the British government offered loans for help with travel but recruits had to pay these back at a certain amount per week.
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