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LE/ES Science Regents: Processing the 7 Types of Science Diagrams. Gary Carlin Science Inst Specialist [email protected] (917) 714 – 7448 (718) 828-5943 CFN 603. Understanding Diagrams. 1. Compare & Contrast 2. Before & After 3. Representational 4. Parts 5. Step-by-Step

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Le es science regents processing the 7 types of science diagrams

LE/ES Science Regents: Processing the 7 Types of Science Diagrams

Gary Carlin

Science Inst Specialist

[email protected]

(917) 714 – 7448

(718) 828-5943

CFN 603


Understanding diagrams
Understanding Diagrams

  • 1. Compare & Contrast

  • 2. Before & After

  • 3. Representational

  • 4. Parts

  • 5. Step-by-Step

  • 6. Flow Chart

  • 7. Complete Process

    or 1-Picture Story






Round Shape

Square Shape

Flexible

Rigid

2.

1.

Wall

Membrane

Cytoplasm

EPR

Nucleus

Chloroplasts

Vacuole

Mitochondria

Green

Nucleus Center

Presence (+/-)

Chloroplasts (2)

Wall (2)

Centrioles (1)

Differences

Vacuole: small/many-- large few

Nucleus: center – off center

Shape: round -- rectangle


Terrestrial Planets

CO2

atmosphere

1.

2.

Smallest

planet

Similar to

Earth

High

Density

(Iron)

Hot, no

Plate

Tectonics

No magnetic

field

Core

42% Volume

Highest

Eccentricity

Partially liquid

Size of Mantle and Core

Atmosphere

Similarity to Earth

Eccentricity

Magnetic Field

O2, Na, H Atmosphere



2.

1.

Oxygen

7/2

More

Oxygen

Inside of

Cell

5/4

Water

6/6

Protein

0/7

Explanation: The concentration of oxygen is greater outside of the cell so it will

diffuse into the cell. (Protein molecules stay within the cell because they are too

large to diffuse out of the cell. The water concentration is at equilibrium.)


Seven Stars A-G

Constellation: Ursa Major

Big Dipper - Plough

Location of Stars – Change?:

Dubhe, Merak, Phecda, Megrez, Alioth, Mizar, Alkaid

5 of the stars of the Big Dipper are the core of the Ursa Major Moving Group. The two ends are not part of the swarm, and are moving in the opposite direction. This will slowly change the Dipper's shape, with the bowl opening up and the handle becoming more bent. In 50,000 years the Dipper will no longer exist as we know it, but be re-formed into a new Dipper facing the opposite way.



Nitrogen

Bases

Fishtail

Flag

Pointed

Flag

Sugar

Arrangement:

Two Alternating Phosphate and Sugar strands that are cross connected by pairs of matching Nitrogen Bases (G-C, A-T)

White

Rectangle

Cigar

Cutter

Ice cream

Stick

Black

Rectangle

Phosphate

Explanation:

Provides code for production of specific proteins (characteristics)


Cube

Large circle with

Two small circles

Irregular

shape

Water molecules

Attach to surface

of salt and dust

particles

Water molecules will combine with tiny particles of dust, salt, and smoke in the air to form cloud droplets, which grow and develop into clouds and form of water we can see.



Oviduct

Placenta

PelvicRegion

Amnion

Ovary

Uterus

Between

Rectum and

Bladder

Vagina

Structure:

Placenta embeds into the walls of the uterus and embryo is enclosed in a fluid filled membrane.

Function:

Food and wastes diffuse across the placenta and travel through the umbilical cord to support the growth and development of the fetus in the uterus.


Pendulum

Pail with pendulum

on a stool that can be

spun

Stool that can

be turned

The experimental apparatus consists of a tall pendulum free to oscillate in any vertical plane. The direction along which the pendulum swings rotates with time because of Earth's daily rotation.



Substrate

Process:

Enzymatic Breakdown

Hydrolysis

Enzyme-Substrate Complex

Enzyme

E-S Complex breaks down substrate into 2 parts

Substrate fits into Enzyme

Explanation:

Enzymes are specific for the substrate they work on. The substrate fits into the enzymes active site and undergoes hydrolysis (or can be joined by dehydration synthesis).


Decayed Atom

Atoms

(undecayed)

Half the atoms have decayed

Time interval is the same

Half Life: Amount of time it takes for half of the atoms in a sample to decay and is constant over the whole life of the decay



Boxes:

Humans

Technology

Consumption

Population Growth

Equilibrium in Ecosystems

Arrows:

Modify ecosystems through …

Disrupts …

Outcome:

Ecosystem is not in equilibrium

Main Idea:

Technology, consumption, and population growth can cause negative changes in an ecosystem so it can no longer maintain its equilibrium.


Weathering, Expansion, Atmospheric Gas

Hydrolysis, Carbonation, Abrasion, etc.

Major type

Involves

Caused by

Combines with

Causing

Break down of

Rocks breakdown of rocks and soils through direct contact with atmospheric conditions or chemicals

Weathering of rocks is necessary to produce soil and determines the mineral content of the soil



1. Elodea uses light to carry out photosynthesis

Test Tube

Oxygen

2. Photosynthesis produces oxygen as a byproduct and is released into the water

Beaker

Water

Funnel

3. Oxygen bubbles rise to the top of the test tube and collects

Elodea

Outcome:

In the process of photosynthesis plants use light energy, carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen in the chloroplasts.

Variable/Next:

Test gas in test tube with a glowing splint. If it is oxygen then splint will burn bright.


1. Water from stream flows over rock.

2. Water carries sediments suspended

In water or roll on stream bed

Limestone

-rock type

-stream

velocity

-amount

of water

-width of

stream

-winding

& straight

Shale

3. Sediment particles erode bedrock and become smaller and

smoother and deposit (rock cycle).


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