Argentina
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Argentina. Charlie Cappelli , Gabe Rosiak , and Alexandra Gordon. ARGENTINA. 1930’s – 1970’s. Post – Independence . Political. Pattern of rule has been military control suppressing demands of the poor. Coup of 1930 Modeled government after European fascists

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Argentina

Argentina

Charlie Cappelli, Gabe Rosiak, and Alexandra Gordon


Post independence

ARGENTINA

1930’s – 1970’s

Post – Independence


Political

Political

Pattern of rule has been military control suppressing demands of the poor

  • Coup of 1930

    • Modeled government after European fascists

  • GOU (Grupo de OficialesUnidos) seizes power in 1943

  • Nazi affiliation

    • Nazi network took refuge in Argentina

    • Last American country to declare war on Germany


Political juan per n

Political – Juan Perón

  • Observed Mussolini

  • Gained popular appeal

  • October 1945  imprisoned by senior officers for a week

    • Eva Duarte (Evita) led demonstration of workers

    • Eva and Juan got married

  • 1946 Perón elected

    • Populist party terrorized opposing party

  • Reelected in 1951 Perón loses populist support

    • Set up for another military coup

  • September 1955  exiled to Spain


Political juan per n cont

Political – Juan Perón cont.

  • September 1973  reelected again

    • Isabel on same ticket as vice president

    • Dies of heart attack after nine months, Isabel succeeds him

  • Isabel Perón in power for two years

  • 1976  another military coup

    • General Jorge Videla – most oppressive regime

  • Purges called “disappearances”

    • Left wing opponents murdered

    • Abducted and killed by armed men


Economic

Economic

  • Perón’s leftist policies

    • Nationalized banks and railways

    • Spends state money to speed up industrialization

  • Perón’s reelection in 1951

    • Collapsing economy

  • Isabel Perón in power for two years

    • Collapsing economy continues

    • Inflation at annual rate of 600%


Social

Social

  • Perón’s leftist policies

    • Social welfare

    • Eva founds agency distributing benefits to the poor – seen as angel of mercy

  • Perón’s reelection in 1951

    • Increasing repression

  • Peronistas – promise of a more just society

    • Justicialismo: social welfare program

    • Represented views of unrepresented class

  • Perón’s reelection in 1973

    • Disregard of civil liberties

  • Disappearances

    • Victims: workers in industrial centers, students, pregnant women and children


Disappearances

Disappearances

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nqF7d5JnHwo


Post per n

ARGENTINA

1980’s – 2009

Post – Perón


Political1

Political

Moving away from military command to a Republic

  • 1981  General LeopoldoGaltieri

  • April 2, 1982  Falkland Wars

    • Naval battle – Argentine victory

    • Argentina surrenders when Britain retakes islands

    • Shows military regime unpopular

  • October 1983 RaúlAlfonsín won elections

    • Father of current state of democracy

  • Peronista candidate: Carlos Menem wins next elections

    • Convicted Generals freed


Political cont

Political Cont.

  • December 1990  pattern of military intervention stops

    • Military coup stopped

  • Four year terms established, two consecutive terms allowed

  • Election in 1995  Menem wins another term

    • Peronistas remain largest single party

  • Election 1999  Fernando de la Rua

  • Peronista government is present in modern day

    • Elections of Nestor Kirchner and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner


Economic1

Economic

  • Peronista candidate: Carlos Menem wins next elections

    • State enterprises privatized

    • Move toward free market economy

    • Inflation falls, unemployment rises

  • June 2008  export tax

  • August 2008  struggling lower classes cause of economic collapse

    • Farmers on the pampas


Social1

Social

  • October 1983 RaúlAlfonsín won elections

    • Members of military coup found guilty of human rights abuses

  • June 2008  struggling lower class against the government

  • July 2008 Teatro Colón closed because of protests

    • Opened in 1908, to be reopened 2010

    • Argentine landmark


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