The partitions and divisions of poland
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The Partitions and Divisions of Poland:. AP European History Androstic 2012-2013 (Palmer text, section 38). The First Partition 1772. Weak Polish government (elected king, “Free veto”) Neighboring nations interfered (Stanislas Poniatowski – puppet to Catherine the Great?)

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The Partitions and Divisions of Poland:

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The partitions and divisions of poland

The Partitions and Divisions of Poland:

AP European History

Androstic

2012-2013

(Palmer text, section 38)


The first partition 1772

The First Partition1772

  • Weak Polish government (elected king, “Free veto”)

  • Neighboring nations interfered (Stanislas Poniatowski – puppet to Catherine the Great?)

  • To prevent war with Russia, proposal to partition Poland by Prussia

  • parts of Poland partitioned to preserve order


The first partition 17721

The First Partition1772


The first partition 17722

The First Partition1772


The first partition 17723

The First Partition1772


The second partition 1793

The Second Partition1793

  • Constitution of May 3, 1791 – brought more reform

  • After adoption of Polish Constitution, Russian army invaded Poland (1792).

  • Prussia then also invaded (1793).

  • Second partition:

    • Without Austrian participation

    • Only central section of Poland left independent


The first partition 17724

The First Partition1772


The second partition 17931

The Second Partition1793


The second partition 17932

The Second Partition1793


The second partition 17933

The Second Partition1793


The third partition 1795

The Third Partition1795

  • After the Second Partition, Poland’s size was so reduced that the economy was ruined.

  • Support for a national uprising grew significantly (1793)

  • Thaddeus Kosciusko led Polish forces but eventually was wounded and captured (1794).

  • Counterrevolution crushed uprising

  • All of Poland was divided among Russia, Prussia, and Austria


The second partition 17934

The Second Partition1793


The third partition 17951

The Third Partition1795


The third partition 17952

The Third Partition1795


The third partition 17953

The Third Partition1795


What does partitioning represent

“Triumph of enlightened rulers?”

End of potential for war between Eastern powers

Balance of power used poorly

Use of diplomatic calculation to partition kingdom

Danger of not being a strong, centralized state

Disruption of balance of Europe

Disturbance of social order in Europe, and greater divide between East and West

What does partitioning represent?


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