Right hemisphere sensitivity to word & sentence level context:
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Coulson, S. Federmeier, K.D., Van Petten, C., and Kutas, M. (2005) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Right hemisphere sensitivity to word & sentence level context: Evidence From Event-Related Brain Potentials. Coulson, S. Federmeier, K.D., Van Petten, C., and Kutas, M. (2005) JEP: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. Gist . Question : Is right hemisphere message blind? Measurement : ERP

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Coulson, S. Federmeier, K.D., Van Petten, C., and Kutas, M. (2005)

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Coulson s federmeier k d van petten c and kutas m 2005

Right hemisphere sensitivity to word & sentence level context: Evidence From Event-Related Brain Potentials.

Coulson, S. Federmeier, K.D., Van Petten, C., and Kutas, M. (2005)

JEP: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.


Coulson s federmeier k d van petten c and kutas m 2005

Gist

  • Question: Is right hemisphere message blind?

  • Measurement: ERP

  • Paradigm: associate priming without/within sentence context

  • Answer: RH is not message blind, but there is indeed hemispheric asymmetries in the use of word and sentence contexts


Message blind rh the hypothesis

Message-blind RH --the hypothesis

  • LH

    has the ability to integrate syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic information to construct a message-level representation of meaning.

  • RH

    its language competence extends only to word-level priming mechanisms


Message blind rh why people made this claim

Message-blind RH --why people made this claim?

  • LH

  • priming in RT to words embedded in normal or scrambled sentences (Faust et al. 1995)

  • Larger priming effect when the amount of context is increased (Faust et al. 1993)

  • Longer RT to words in implausible sentence context than plausible context (Faust, 1998)

  • RH

  • Contexts do not seem to facilitate or hinder the language process

    so…RH seems to be blind to these message level information..


Message blind rh however

Message-blind RH --however…..

  • LH

  • RH

  • Should be sensitive to some message level information, since when RH is damaged

    • patients cannot understand certain kinds of jokes, metaphoric language, and sarcastic utterances

  • Some studies did find sentence congruity effect in the RH (Chiarello, Liu, & Faust, 2001; Faust, Bar-lev, & Chiarello, 2003)


Coulson s federmeier k d van petten c and kutas m 2005

  • Ex1 [word level context effect]

    • Lexical association

  • Ex2 [sentence level context effect]

    • Lexical association

    • Sentence congruity


Experimental design ex1

Experimental design (EX1)

Primes are centrally presented, and

targets are lateralized to either visual field (split visual field display).


Split visual field display

SPLIT VISUAL FIELD DISPLAY


Split visual field display1

SPLIT VISUAL FIELD DISPLAY


Procedure

PROCEDURE

1000~1200ms

++++

200ms

spare

0ms

200ms

tire

300ms

2500ms

?


Prediction

Prediction

  • Ex1[word level context effect]

    • Since both hemispheres are sensitive to word level info, similar-sized N400 context effects are expected


Experiment 1 results

Experiment 1—results


Coulson s federmeier k d van petten c and kutas m 2005

EX1

LVF/rh


Coulson s federmeier k d van petten c and kutas m 2005

EX1

LVF/rh

N400

LPC


Coulson s federmeier k d van petten c and kutas m 2005

EX1

RVF/lh


Experimental design ex2

Experimental design (EX2)

The cloze probability were matched between the two types of congruous sentences (associated & unassociated) and also between the two types of incongruous sentences. This was done to ensure that the message level constraints are similar in the associated and unassociated conditions.


Prediction1

Prediction

  • Ex1[word level context effect]

    • Since both hemispheres are sensitive to word level info, similar-sized N400 context effects are expected

  • Ex2[sentence level context effect]

    • LH:

      • A large N400 congruity effect

      • Negligible effects of association

    • RH: (if the message blind RH model holds)

      • A large N400 association effect

      • Negligible effects of context congruity


Experiment 2 results

Experiment 2—results


Coulson s federmeier k d van petten c and kutas m 2005

EX2

LVF/rh

N400

LPC


Coulson s federmeier k d van petten c and kutas m 2005

EX2

RVF/lh

N400

LPC


Summary

Summary

  • word level: association effects for both LVF/rh and RVF/lh presentation

  • sentence level: robust congruity effects for both LVF/rh and RVF/lh presentation

    the message-blind RH model is not supported

  • At the sentence level, the congruity effect lead to a dramatic attenuation of the association effect.

    • Lexical context is less important in sentence contexts


Coulson s federmeier k d van petten c and kutas m 2005

unassociated

Association effect

associated

Association effect

unassociated

associated

5 µV

Congruity effect

incongruous

congruous


Summary1

Summary

  • Although both hemispheres make use of word level as well as sentence level contexts, they seem to use them in different ways.

  • LH seems to make use of lexical association only when the sentence context is incongruous.

  • RH shows a smaller lexical association effect at the word level, which suggests that RH might be weaker to use this source of semantic context.

  • RH shows the association effect in congruous sentences there might be a greater reliance on word level relationships in the lexical integration processes in understanding sentences


Questions

Questions

  • Is the LPC the same thing as the P600?

  • Do blinks also produce surges that might overshadow brain activity on the EEG?

  • How common is subject attrition due to excessive artifacts?

  • Onset or peak? Which point is more interesting? In what situations would one or the other be the focus?

  • What if they ran their experiments on brain damaged patients ?

  • Why was a naming paradigm chosen for the target as opposed lexical decision?

  • Great Britain norms vs. US participants ….isn’t it problematic?

  • Is the hemispheric asymmetry in reliance on lexical relationships has to do with other abilities commonly associated with RH function (e.g., spatial abilities).


Other questions

Other questions?


Electrode positions

ELECTRODE POSITIONS


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