Story of the apey gamey bus lessons from a community managed bus service sri lanka
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‘Story of the Apey Gamey Bus ’ Lessons from a community managed bus service Sri Lanka - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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‘Story of the Apey Gamey Bus ’ Lessons from a community managed bus service Sri Lanka. Mohamed Munas Centre for Poverty Analysis Sri Lanka. Transport Sector- Sri Lanka. Public transport accounts for nearly 73% of the total motorized passenger transport

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‘Story of the Apey Gamey Bus ’ Lessons from a community managed bus service Sri Lanka

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‘Story of the Apey Gamey Bus’Lessons from a community managed bus service Sri Lanka

Mohamed Munas

Centre for Poverty Analysis

Sri Lanka

Transport Sector- Sri Lanka

  • Public transport accounts for nearly 73% of the total motorized passenger transport

  • Of this, bus transportation accounts for nearly 68%, with state owned bus service share of 23% and private operator share of 45% provided by small scale operators

  • Sri Lanka Railway accounts for only 5%, carrying 120mn passengers per year

An Introduction to the Community

  • A relatively non-poor community (Low income poverty)

  • Located 13 km away from the town centre and 6 km away from sub-urban area

  • Community members access the town centre for administrative purposes, and other services like education and health and the sub-urban area for the market

  • Mainly agriculture based livelihoods- Own account workers and wage labourers in agriculture and gem mines

Selection of the Community

  • Not through a systematic survey and analysis

  • The community was proposed by the Provincial Director of transport based on

    • community was suffering from severe transport difficulties

    • Community possessed the necessary skills to manage a business venture of this kind that went beyond the CBO management skills

The Community Bus

The Community Bus...

  • Is in operation for 10 years

  • Serves about 1030 families in 3 villages

  • Serves to the adjacent communities- Indirect beneficiaries

  • Is managed by a limited by guarantee company comprising of community members

  • Is used to transport passengers and agricultural inputs and produce to the market

The Story of the ‘ape bus’ (Our Bus)

  • LFRTD decides to pilot a community managed bus project

  • One of the members – Provincial Director of Transport from the area proposed Rathnapura District and the community

  • LFRTD visits the community and performs a ‘needs analysis’  the issue of transport comes up

    • Lack of motorable road

    • Lack of public transport

The Story of the ‘ape bus’ Contd.

  • Community initiative for the road construction

  • The company limited by guarantee formed

  • The bus comes to the community – in 1998

    • Funded by

      • ITDG

      • Commercial loans

      • Fund raising initiatives by the community

  • The story goes on for 10 years…

    • Managed by the Directors and the members of the company limited by guarantee

  • New bus bought – in 2008

    • Financed by the sale of the old bus and leasing scheme

Is It Successful?

Is It Successful?In the run for 10 years with hiccups

Is It Successful?

  • Managed to get the community constructed road tarred

  • Able to replace the bus

  • Clear improvement in access to and from the community

    • Improved road conditions  increase in private vehicle ownership and other vehicles that ply the road

    • Community bus

  • Able to make a profit with all difficulties

Management of the Project

  • The road construction lead by a CBO with a strong leadership

  • Given the requirement for commercial loans to finance the bus, the need for a company registered under the company act

  • Rural Transport Promoters Guarantee Company formed (RTP)

  • Comprising of 7 company directors and 15 members from 5 Community Based Organisation (CBOs)

    • 4 already existing CBOs and one newly formed

Challenges Faced

  • A company of this nature entailslegal requirements

    • Dealing with money

  • Lack of knowledge and skills to grasp the legal functionalities about the company

  • The unnecessary rigidity within the company structure

  • The constant need to repair the road – Challenged financial viability

  • The constant maintenance requirements of the bus

Lessons - What Has Worked?

  • The commitment of the community Shramadana (donation of labour) concept

  • The commitment of the committee members of the company- Time and effort

  • The attitude of the community towards the bus service – ‘Ape bus’ – ‘Our bus’

  • Challenged the idea of ‘rural transport service is unprofitable’ – The reason why private bus holders are not interested…

Lessons-What Needs to be Improved?

  • The structure of the company needs to be rethought

  • The formation of CBO in order to get the representation

  • The apparent gap between the company and the communities  information not shared widely

  • Decision making  more centralised

Thank You 

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