Story of the apey gamey bus lessons from a community managed bus service sri lanka
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

‘Story of the Apey Gamey Bus ’ Lessons from a community managed bus service Sri Lanka PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 74 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

‘Story of the Apey Gamey Bus ’ Lessons from a community managed bus service Sri Lanka. Mohamed Munas Centre for Poverty Analysis Sri Lanka. Transport Sector- Sri Lanka. Public transport accounts for nearly 73% of the total motorized passenger transport

Download Presentation

‘Story of the Apey Gamey Bus ’ Lessons from a community managed bus service Sri Lanka

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Story of the apey gamey bus lessons from a community managed bus service sri lanka

‘Story of the Apey Gamey Bus’Lessons from a community managed bus service Sri Lanka

Mohamed Munas

Centre for Poverty Analysis

Sri Lanka


Transport sector sri lanka

Transport Sector- Sri Lanka

  • Public transport accounts for nearly 73% of the total motorized passenger transport

  • Of this, bus transportation accounts for nearly 68%, with state owned bus service share of 23% and private operator share of 45% provided by small scale operators

  • Sri Lanka Railway accounts for only 5%, carrying 120mn passengers per year


An introduction to the community

An Introduction to the Community

  • A relatively non-poor community (Low income poverty)

  • Located 13 km away from the town centre and 6 km away from sub-urban area

  • Community members access the town centre for administrative purposes, and other services like education and health and the sub-urban area for the market

  • Mainly agriculture based livelihoods- Own account workers and wage labourers in agriculture and gem mines


Selection of the community

Selection of the Community

  • Not through a systematic survey and analysis

  • The community was proposed by the Provincial Director of transport based on

    • community was suffering from severe transport difficulties

    • Community possessed the necessary skills to manage a business venture of this kind that went beyond the CBO management skills


The community bus

The Community Bus


The community bus1

The Community Bus...

  • Is in operation for 10 years

  • Serves about 1030 families in 3 villages

  • Serves to the adjacent communities- Indirect beneficiaries

  • Is managed by a limited by guarantee company comprising of community members

  • Is used to transport passengers and agricultural inputs and produce to the market


The story of the ape bus our bus

The Story of the ‘ape bus’ (Our Bus)

  • LFRTD decides to pilot a community managed bus project

  • One of the members – Provincial Director of Transport from the area proposed Rathnapura District and the community

  • LFRTD visits the community and performs a ‘needs analysis’  the issue of transport comes up

    • Lack of motorable road

    • Lack of public transport


The story of the ape bus contd

The Story of the ‘ape bus’ Contd.

  • Community initiative for the road construction

  • The company limited by guarantee formed

  • The bus comes to the community – in 1998

    • Funded by

      • ITDG

      • Commercial loans

      • Fund raising initiatives by the community

  • The story goes on for 10 years…

    • Managed by the Directors and the members of the company limited by guarantee

  • New bus bought – in 2008

    • Financed by the sale of the old bus and leasing scheme


Is it successful

Is It Successful?


Is it successful in the run for 10 years with hiccups

Is It Successful?In the run for 10 years with hiccups


Is it successful1

Is It Successful?

  • Managed to get the community constructed road tarred

  • Able to replace the bus

  • Clear improvement in access to and from the community

    • Improved road conditions  increase in private vehicle ownership and other vehicles that ply the road

    • Community bus

  • Able to make a profit with all difficulties


Management of the project

Management of the Project

  • The road construction lead by a CBO with a strong leadership

  • Given the requirement for commercial loans to finance the bus, the need for a company registered under the company act

  • Rural Transport Promoters Guarantee Company formed (RTP)

  • Comprising of 7 company directors and 15 members from 5 Community Based Organisation (CBOs)

    • 4 already existing CBOs and one newly formed


Challenges faced

Challenges Faced

  • A company of this nature entailslegal requirements

    • Dealing with money

  • Lack of knowledge and skills to grasp the legal functionalities about the company

  • The unnecessary rigidity within the company structure

  • The constant need to repair the road – Challenged financial viability

  • The constant maintenance requirements of the bus


Lessons what has worked

Lessons - What Has Worked?

  • The commitment of the community Shramadana (donation of labour) concept

  • The commitment of the committee members of the company- Time and effort

  • The attitude of the community towards the bus service – ‘Ape bus’ – ‘Our bus’

  • Challenged the idea of ‘rural transport service is unprofitable’ – The reason why private bus holders are not interested…


Lessons what needs to be improved

Lessons-What Needs to be Improved?

  • The structure of the company needs to be rethought

  • The formation of CBO in order to get the representation

  • The apparent gap between the company and the communities  information not shared widely

  • Decision making  more centralised


Thank you

Thank You 


  • Login