The final funding frontier enterprising libraries entrepreneurial librarians
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The Final Funding Frontier: Enterprising Libraries & Entrepreneurial Librarians. Cynthia Sturgis Landrum, MLS Tieshka K. Smith, MPM Southwest Chapter of the Pennsylvania Library Association Spring Workshop May 17, 2013. The Scenario…. PaLA has issued the following legislative alert:

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The Final Funding Frontier: Enterprising Libraries & Entrepreneurial Librarians

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The final funding frontier enterprising libraries entrepreneurial librarians

The Final Funding Frontier:Enterprising Libraries & Entrepreneurial Librarians

Cynthia Sturgis Landrum, MLS

Tieshka K. Smith, MPM

Southwest Chapter of the Pennsylvania Library Association

Spring Workshop

May 17, 2013


The scenario

The Scenario….

PaLA has issued the following legislative alert:

Newly elected Pennsylvania Governor X has just released his/her first proposed budget. Gov. X’s proposed budget eliminates ALL funding for PA libraries.


Don t think it s possible meet piyush aka gov bobby jindal of la

Don’t think it’s possible? Meet Piyush aka Gov. Bobby Jindal of LA

In the summer of 2012, Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal signed a $25 million dollar budget that cut an estimated $900,000 in state funding for Louisiana public libraries.

The governor’s chief budget aide, Paul Rainwater, said, “In tight budget times, we prioritized funding for healthcare and education. Operations such as local libraries can be supported with local, not state dollars.”

Los Angeles Times Blog 6/28/2012

http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/jacketcopy/2012/06/louisiana-eliminates-state-funding-for-libraries.html


Oh there is more

Oh, there is more!

Library code changes to significantly lower or eliminate municipalities MoE (Maintenance of Effort) requirements or municipalities cannot or will not meet the requirements:

The governor's proposed budget, released on March 1, eliminates maintenance of effort (MoE) funding for public libraries.  The budget document reads, "The Governor recommends eliminating the requirement that municipalities and counties maintain annual local expenditures for public libraries at the average of the prior three years as a condition for being a member of a public library system.“

-From Mead Public Library (WI) http://www.meadpubliclibrary.org/about/moe


The final funding frontier enterprising libraries entrepreneurial librarians

And The Dominos Fall…Federal funding, grants and strategic partnerships are impacted by local funding


What we do today

What we do today…..

  • Advocacy

  • Cuts

  • Closures

  • Increase fines & fees

  • Supplement shortfalls w/donations, fundraising, grants


T he future could be different

The future could be different…..

.


Centerville library enterprises

Centerville Library Enterprises

  • Centerville Library Enterprises became a social business that supports Centerville Public Library

  • Library Director acts as CEO leading both the library enterprise and traditional library services

  • Library rents commercial space at library facilities in choice zip codes

  • Library operates the local vanity press

  • Library manages a research/knowledge management consultancy

  • Profits from enterprise support core public library services


Plainfield library co op

Plainfield Library Co-op

  • Library cardholders and staff at the Plainfield Library decided to take over ownership and management of the Library

  • Cardholders and staff voluntarily agreed to contribute equitable amounts (outside of their tax obligation) to raise capital for the library

  • All Library Co-op members control capital, elect the Library Board from amongst the membership and participate in policy-making and decision-making

  • Non-members can use the library, but have no decision-making authority (unless they become members).


Midtown library services inc

Midtown Library Services, Inc.

  • Midtown Library adopted a for profit model

  • Engaged in managed competition in neighboring municipalities to provide library services in these communities

  • Leveraged size to negotiate low prices based upon volume

  • Lower expenditures through resource sharing and eliminating administrative redundancies amongst its clientele


Enterprising libraries require entrepreneurial librarians

Enterprising Libraries Require Entrepreneurial Librarians

An entrepreneur searches for change, responds to it and exploits opportunities. Innovation is a specific tool of an entrepreneur hence an effective entrepreneur converts a source into a resource.- Peter Drucker


Let s talk about potential enterprise opportunities in your libraries and or community

Let’s talk about potential enterprise opportunities in your libraries and/or community


M eet a few entrepreneurial librarians

Meet a few entrepreneurial librarians


Gina milsap

Gina Milsap

The Topeka and Shawnee County Public Library Speakers Bureau positions the library staff as community experts.

Potential Enterprise Opportunity:

Library Consultancy


Robin lettieri

Robin Lettieri

The Port Chester-Rye Brook Library (NY) began using paper products with printed ads in 2012. The Library saves an est. $1000 annually.

Potential Enterprise Opportunity:

Naming Rights

Community PR/Marketing Channel


Jamie larue

Jamie LaRue

  • Douglas County Library (CO) has positioned itself as an library innovator in the eBook landscape.

  • Inked profit sharing deal with non-profit eBook retailer, Bilbary

    Potential Enterprise Opportunity:

    Digital Publishing

    Digital Retail


Siobhan reardon

Siobhan Reardon

  • In Feb. 2013, the Free Library of Philadelphia began placing paid advertising on their website

  • Free Library is advancing the ideal of premium services in the future

    “Adopt an aggressive entrepreneurial mindset that will encourage experiments and pilot programs. The uncertain environment we face requires us to become more entrepreneurial.”- From the Free Library of Philadelphia Strategic Plan 2012-2017


Experiment with someone else s money

Experiment with someone else’s money!


Fund development for enterprising libraries strategies to consider

Fund Development for Enterprising Libraries – Strategies to Consider

  • Target private and foundation grant opportunities

  • Demonstrate broad community need, interest and proposed impact/benefits

  • Show alignment with organizational vision/mission/purpose

  • Propose a sound program design

  • Demonstrate leadership capability and staff capacity to deliver

  • Craft a credible sustainability plan

  • Invest in relationship building


Why target private and foundation grant opportunities

Why target private and foundation grant opportunities?

  • Smaller in size but offer more flexibility

  • Technical assistance from a program/project officer adds value and third-party perspective

  • Dollars can be used to seed a fully fleshed out initiative and win support from other funding partners

  • Good for developing and testing new ideas that are a natural extension of the organization’s mission

  • Demonstrated successes communicate to other potential funders that organization is a good risk


Demonstrate broad community need interest and proposed impact benefits questions to consider

Demonstrate broad community need, interest and proposed impact/benefits – Questions to Consider

  • Does the community want this project? How do you know?

  • Is there a need for this project? Is this being done somewhere else? If so how can that capacity be leveraged through partnership/collaboration?

  • Will the community be willing to co-invest? If not, why not?

  • How can the project find a way to engage the community around this question?


Show alignment with organizational vision mission purpose

Show alignment with organizational vision/mission/purpose

  • Funders hate more than anything the idea that a proposed project is a way to fill in funding gaps

  • Make the connection between the proposed project and what the library stands for – the funder can’t do that for you


Create a thoughtful program design that shines

Create A Thoughtful Program Design that Shines

  • Is this project design evidence based?

  • How do you know it’s going to achieve the desired outcome?

  • How do you know it’s the right/best approach for your target audience?

  • Is it feasible?

  • Is it outcome-driven? What are the measures and can you collect and analyze the data?

  • Does it speak to the who, what, when, where and how of what will be delivered?

  • Anticipate spending a significant portion of man-hours thinking about and writing this section of your proposal.


Demonstrate organizational capacity to deliver

Demonstrate Organizational Capacity to Deliver

  • Sometimes it may be useful to invest in training to bring staff up to speed regarding a new delivery model

  • Build those costs into your budget

  • Leaders should have a demonstrated track record in delivering grant funded projects

  • Who at the board level can be a champion for this project?


Sustainability matters

Sustainability Matters!

  • Grants should be viewed as a way to seed the project itself or critical aspects of the project, not support it on an ongoing basis – think 1-3 years max!

  • With that said, you’ll have to argue a compelling case for how the program will continue after the funding ends.

  • Demonstrate long term earned income potential

  • Speak explicitly to how you will make strides at regular intervals in creating a self-sustaining enterprise.

  • Don’t be afraid to crunch the numbers and be honest

  • Don’t forget to calculate the value of volunteer and in-kind support that can be leveraged against the grant


Budgets matter

Budgets Matter!

  • Grant budgets should tell a story that complements and adds another layer of support to the grant narrative

  • Have a transition plan for repurposing staff before grant award, not afterwards because it makes for a smoother implementation phase during the first 60-90 days after grant award


Final thoughts on fund development strategy development for enterprising libraries

Final Thoughts on Fund Development Strategy Development for Enterprising Libraries

  • Focus on relationship management, not just grants management

  • Share successes

  • Keep the lines of communication open

  • Seek feedback

  • Transparency is necessary for credibility

  • Continue to brainstorm opportunities that will enhance service delivery; could be ripe opportunities for seed funding


Crafting the ask centerville library enterprises

Crafting the Ask: Centerville Library Enterprises

Enterprise Strategies

Funding Opportunities

Request funding for:

Marketing, promotion, capital improvements to designated spaces for coworking or other community-based uses

Marketing, promotion, outreach to local authors

Staff training

Staff time to work with community stakeholders (government, businesses) seeking expertise and technical assistance

Other ideas?

  • Centerville Library Enterprises became a social business that supports Centerville Public Library

  • Library Director acts as CEO leading both the library enterprise and traditional library services

  • Rent commercial space at library facilities in choice zip codes

  • Operate the local vanity press

  • Manage a research/knowledge management consultancy

  • Profits support core public library services


Crafting the ask plainfield library co op

Crafting the Ask: Plainfield Library Co-op

Enterprise Strategies

Funding Opportunities

Request funding for:

Outreach and education/training of library cardholders and staff to increase capacity and improve ownership and management transition and outcomes

Survey of stakeholder groups to determine level of co-investment and help determine capital fundraising targets

Marketing and promotion to non-members to increase participation

Other ideas?

  • Library cardholders and staff at the Plainfield Library decided to take over ownership and management of the Library

  • Cardholders and staff voluntarily agreed to contribute equitable amounts (outside of their tax obligation) to raise capital for the library

  • All Library Co-op members control capital, elect the Library Board from amongst the membership and participate in policy-making and decision-making

  • Non-members can use the library, but have no decision-making authority (unless they become members).


Crafting the ask midtown library services

Crafting the Ask: Midtown Library Services

Enterprise Strategies

Funding Opportunities

Request funding to:

Conduct independent evaluation to determine the impact of model adoption

Formalize a consortium to facilitate seamless resource sharing among neighboring municipalities

Other ideas?

  • Midtown Library adopted a for profit model

  • Engaged in managed competition in neighboring municipalities to provide library services in these communities

  • Leveraged size to negotiate low prices based upon volume

  • Lower expenditures through resource sharing and eliminating administrative redundancies amongst its clientele


Implications of library enterprise

Implications of Library Enterprise

  • Shifts in power and influence

    • Library gains more control over resources and direction

    • Entrepreneurial staffmay become more influential

    • Library members and consumers may become more influential

  • Forfeit government protections/provisions

  • Traditional or core library services may become marginalized

  • Public Perception

    • Should the library be engaged in enterprise initiatives?

  • Talent Management/Development

    • Who in the library does this work?

  • Advocacy becomes less grassroots; more political lobbying effort

  • Risk of business failure


Discussion

Discussion


More questions contact us

More Questions? Contact us…

Cynthia Sturgis Landrum, MLS

Email:[email protected]

Blog: The Punctuated Librarian: Advancing Ideas About Adaptive Libraries

Tieshka Smith, MPM

Email: [email protected]

Blog: Photography Without the Pretense


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