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A Comparative Study of the Economic Suitability and Viability of New Generation Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in Dublin Port. Kay McGinley BA(Hons) MM Department of Transport Engineering College of Engineering and Built Environment Dublin Institute of Technology

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A Comparative Study of the Economic Suitability and Viability of New Generation Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) in Dublin Port

Kay McGinley BA(Hons) MM

Department of Transport Engineering

College of Engineering and Built Environment

Dublin Institute of Technology

Roisin Murray – Supervisor

Declan Allen - Advisory Supervisor

17/5/2013

background
Background
  • Globalisation
  • Ports/terminals excessively utilized
  • Land restriction
  • Dublin Port occupies 256 hectares
  • Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)
research hypothesis
Research Hypothesis

“ The Intelligent Autonomous Vehicle (IAV) is both suitable and viable for adoption in a real port environment such as Dublin Port ”

research objectives
Research Objectives
  • Study traffic flows within Dublin Ferryport Terminals (DFT).
  • Investigate existing traffic control methods.
  • Identify automatic navigation methods.
  • Investigate the practical issues in implementing automatic navigation system in DFT.
  • Examine an automatic traffic time domain simulator for autonomous and human driven vehicles.
  • Carry out a case study of DFT using a virtual simulator (ScanerStudio and Flexsim).
  • Consider the operating costs of current technology.
  • Consider the potential operating costs of the IAV.
  • Determine the economic suitability and viability of IAV versus the shunter
novelty of the research
Novelty of the Research

Exploration of new generation ITS in Dublin Port to reduce time delay at intermodal nodes where containers are required to change transport modes.

methodology
Methodology
  • Case Study of Dublin Ferryport Terminals (DFT)
  • Traffic Flows
    • Different traffic systems
  • Traffic Navigation Methods
    • Operational Schedule
  • Automatic Control Method
    • Turn around time of traffic in DFT
dublin port master plan 2012 2040
Dublin Port Master Plan 2012-2040
  • Master plan – long term development
  • Doubling of trade volumes
  • 60 million tonnes by 2040
  • 2.5% per annum
  • New intelligent transport systems
current technology used in the port environment
Current technology used in the port environment
  • Containerisation
  • Different types of containers
  • Quay crane
  • Shunter
  • Straddle carrier
  • Reachstacker
  • Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV)
state of the art
State of the Art
  • Intelligent Autonomous Vehicle (IAV)

Developed as part of the InTraDE (Intelligent Transportation for Dynamic Environment) project (received European Regional Development funding through INTERREG IV B)

  • 360v lead-acid batteries
  • No rails/transporters
  • Platoon
  • Unit capacity
  • Actuators/360 degree steering
  • GPS
state of the art cont d
State of the Art (cont’d)
  • Cassette System
    • Transportable steel table
    • Floating buffer
    • Containers disconnected
    • Idle time reduced
state of the art1
State of the Art

Figure 7. Intelligent Autonomous Vehicle (IAV)

research findings and analysis
Research Findings and Analysis
  • Suitability and Application of the IAV in Dublin Port
  • Financial Considerations and Analysis
    • Financial Review of Irish Continental Group (ICG)
    • Ferries Division
    • Container and Terminal Division
  • Economic Outlook and Expected Cash Flows
      • Expected Cash Flows in Relation to Shunter
      • Expected Cash Flows in Relation to IAV
research findings and analysis1
Research Findings and Analysis
  • Simulation
  • SCANeR Studio
    • Restricted capabilities
    • Supervision of the system
    • Simulation of the environment
  • Flexsim
    • Covers all elements
    • Container layouts
    • Discharging
    • Loading
    • Transport time
    • 3D Visualization & animation
    • Excel
research findings and analysis2
Research Findings and Analysis

Loading/

Discharging

Transfer

Storage

Receipt/

Delivery

conclusions
Conclusions

Financial considerations were based over a 15 year period 2013 - 2027

Results of operating costs of shunter

€11,415,206

Results of operating costs of IAV

€3,508,491

conclusions1
Conclusions

Fuel costs – diesel v electric

Wages – two computer operators v ten drivers

Service costs – service of electric v diesel

conclusions recommendations
Conclusions/Recommendations
  • Load Capacity
  • Battery Efficiency
  • Safety of the IAV
publication journal article
Publication – Journal Article

Status: Accepted

Gelareh, S, Merzouki, R, McGinley, K, Murray, R. 2012 Scheduling of Intelligent and Autonomous Vehicles Under Pairing/Unpairing Collaboration Strategy in Container Terminals, Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies.

proposed phd 2013
Proposed PhD2013

The Environmental Impact and potential means of improving the Intelligent Automated Vehicle (IAV) for suitability and viability in Dublin Port

Kay McGinley BA(Hons)MM

Department of Transport Engineering

College of Engineering and Built Environment

Dublin Institute of Technology

Dr. Marek Rebow – Advisory Supervisor

research aims
Research Aims
  • Operations management implications of different development scenarios
  • European ports
    • Environmental
    • Energy supplies
    • Security
    • Safety
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