Present progressive
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Present Progressive. Content adapted from www.StudySpanish.com. What is it?. Present progressive = form of estar + the present participle. (The present participle is merely the "-ing" form of a verb.) Example: Estoy hablando. I am talking. How to do it?.

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Present Progressive

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Present Progressive

Content adapted from www.StudySpanish.com


What is it?

  • Present progressive = form of estar + the present participle. (The present participle is merely the "-ing" form of a verb.)

  • Example: Estoy hablando.

    I am talking.


How to do it?

  • In order to form the present progressive, you must know how to conjugate the verb estar, and how to form the present participle. You already know how to conjugate the verb estar:

    estar

  • estoyestásestáestamosestán


-ar verbs

  • To form the present participle of regular -ar verbs, add -ando to the stem of the verb.

  • hablar: hablando(hablar - ar + ando)

  • trabajar: trabajando(trabajar - ar + ando)


-er and –ir verbs

  • To form the present participle of regular -er and -ir verbs, add -iendo to the stem of the verb.

  • comer: comiendo(comer - er + iendo)

  • hacer: haciendo(hacer - er + iendo)

  • vivir: viviendo(vivir - ir + iendo)


-ir stem changers

  • To form the present participle of -ir stem changing verbs, change e:i and o:u in the stem, and then add -iendo to the stem of the verb.

  • servir: sirviendo (e:i in stem)

  • dormir: durmiendo (o:u in stem)


“Ortho” changes

  • Sometimes it’s necessary to change the spelling so it agrees with the way it is pronounced. We call this an "orthographic" change. Here are some common examples:

  • caer: cayendocreer: creyendo


FYI

  • It is important to remember that you would never use the present progressive to say something like "We are going to Spain this summer."

  • Use present progressive only for actions that are "in progress."


Practice

  • Estoy ________________ (talking)

  • Estoy hablando.

    • (habl + ando)


Practice

  • Estoy ____________ (eating)

  • Estoy comiendo.

    • com + iendo


Practice

  • Estamos ___________ (sleeping)

  • Estamos durmiendo.

    • dormir is an –ir stem changer

    • o:u in stem (dorm  durm)

    • durm + iendo


Practice

  • ___________ ________________ (I am studying)

  • Estoy estudiando.

    • I am = estoy

    • estudi + ando = estudiando


Practice

  • _____________ ________________ ( we are writing)

  • Estamos escribiendo.

    • We are = estamos

    • escrib + iendo = escribiendo


Practice

  • ¿Qué ___________ _______________? (What are we doing?)

  • ¿Qué estamos haciendo?

    • Estamos = we are

    • hac + iendo = haciendo


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