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Present Progressive. Content adapted from www.StudySpanish.com. What is it?. Present progressive = form of estar + the present participle. (The present participle is merely the "-ing" form of a verb.) Example: Estoy hablando. I am talking. How to do it?.

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present progressive

Present Progressive

Content adapted from www.StudySpanish.com

what is it
What is it?
  • Present progressive = form of estar + the present participle. (The present participle is merely the "-ing" form of a verb.)
  • Example: Estoy hablando.

I am talking.

how to do it
How to do it?
  • In order to form the present progressive, you must know how to conjugate the verb estar, and how to form the present participle. You already know how to conjugate the verb estar:

estar

  • estoyestásestáestamosestán
ar verbs
-ar verbs
  • To form the present participle of regular -ar verbs, add -ando to the stem of the verb.
  • hablar: hablando(hablar - ar + ando)
  • trabajar: trabajando(trabajar - ar + ando)
er and ir verbs
-er and –ir verbs
  • To form the present participle of regular -er and -ir verbs, add -iendo to the stem of the verb.
  • comer: comiendo(comer - er + iendo)
  • hacer: haciendo(hacer - er + iendo)
  • vivir: viviendo(vivir - ir + iendo)
ir stem changers
-ir stem changers
  • To form the present participle of -ir stem changing verbs, change e:i and o:u in the stem, and then add -iendo to the stem of the verb.
  • servir: sirviendo (e:i in stem)
  • dormir: durmiendo (o:u in stem)
ortho changes
“Ortho” changes
  • Sometimes it’s necessary to change the spelling so it agrees with the way it is pronounced. We call this an "orthographic" change. Here are some common examples:
  • caer: cayendocreer: creyendo
slide8
FYI
  • It is important to remember that you would never use the present progressive to say something like "We are going to Spain this summer."
  • Use present progressive only for actions that are "in progress."
practice
Practice
  • Estoy ________________ (talking)
  • Estoy hablando.
    • (habl + ando)
practice1
Practice
  • Estoy ____________ (eating)
  • Estoy comiendo.
    • com + iendo
practice2
Practice
  • Estamos ___________ (sleeping)
  • Estamos durmiendo.
    • dormir is an –ir stem changer
    • o:u in stem (dorm  durm)
    • durm + iendo
practice3
Practice
  • ___________ ________________ (I am studying)
  • Estoy estudiando.
    • I am = estoy
    • estudi + ando = estudiando
practice4
Practice
  • _____________ ________________ ( we are writing)
  • Estamos escribiendo.
    • We are = estamos
    • escrib + iendo = escribiendo
practice5
Practice
  • ¿Qué ___________ _______________? (What are we doing?)
  • ¿Qué estamos haciendo?
    • Estamos = we are
    • hac + iendo = haciendo
ad