Proposed State Onsite Wastewater Policy
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 45

Part One. Background PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 32 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Download Presentation

Part One. Background

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Part one background

Proposed State Onsite Wastewater PolicyPrepared for:Butte County Wastewater StakeholdersPresented by:Nick Weigel, P,E, ChairButte County Wastewater Advisory CommitteeMark Adams, P.E., PresidentCalifornia Onsite Wastewater AssociationBrad Banner, DirectorButte County Public Health DepartmentWhen and Where:October 18, 2011 October 20, 2011Oroville Association of Realtors Chico Association of Realtors2-4 p.m.2-4 p.m.


Part one background

Part One. Background


Part one background

Background

  • Water Quality Regulation in California:

  • State Water Board

  • Regional Water Boards

  • Basin Plans

  • Onsite Wastewater Guidelines

  • Report of Waste Discharge

  • Waste Discharge Requirements

  • Conditional Waiver


Part one background

Background

(Continued)

  • Assembly Bill 885:

  • 13291. (a) On or before January 1, 2004, the state board, (in consultation with…) shall adopt regulations or standards for… :

    • Any system that is constructed or replaced

    • (2)Any system that is subject to a major repair

    • (3)Any system that pools or discharges to the surface.

    • (4)Any system that, in the judgment of a regional board or authorized local agency, discharges waste that has the reasonable potential to cause a violation of water quality objectives, or to impair present or future beneficial uses of water, to cause pollution, nuisance, or contamination of the waters of the state.


Part one background

Background

(Continued)

Brief History of AB 885:

1998:Bill designed to address pollution problems around

Malibu and along 2 waterways in Southern California

2000:Term “the coastal zone” removed from bill’s text, increasing coverage to the entire State

Assembly Bill 885 approved, requiring state regulation by January 2004

2006:Draft regulation and DEIR released for public comment


Part one background

Background

(Continued)

Brief History of AB 885 (continued):

2007:Matrix released by Central Valley RWQCB as an addendum

2008:Revised draft regulation released

2009:Stakeholder meetings

2010:Public hearings on AB 885, over 2,500 comments that were mostly negative

Draft regulation abandoned by State Water Board


Part one background

Background

(Continued)

Brief History of AB 885 (continued):

2011:(February) Coast Law Group LLP (Encinitas) files a law suit against State Water Board on behalf of Heal the Ocean (Santa Barbara) and Heal the Bay (Santa Monica) for not adopting regulations as required by AB 885

New State Water Board staff begins working with RCRC and CCDEH to develop a more flexible regulation

(March) Regulation changed to “policy” and state begins working on first draft with RCRC and CCDEH exclusively

(April) Initial study for environmental review of (yet unreleased) policy


Part one background

Background

(Continued)

Brief History of AB 885 (continued):

2011:(September 30, 2011) Draft policy released

Workshops planned for October 24, October 28, November 2, November 7 (more info at end of presentation)

Public comment period ends (November 30)

2012:(March or April) Adoption hearing

Initial Waiver

2017:Potential program revision at beginning of next 5-year waiver review cycle


Part one background

Part Two. Tiered Requirements


Part one background

Tiered Requirements

  • State Board Objectives:

    • Satisfy statues and comply with AB 885

    • Create a framework for local agencies and Water Boards to do what each does best

    • Manage OWTS going forward, only dealing with existing systems where problem is proven

    • Not create the perfect Policy, but one that moves the state forward and adjusts over time

    • Address impaired water bodies where septic systems are a contributor


Part one background

Tiered Requirements

(Continued)

  • Policy Format:

    • Definitions

    • Responsibilities and duties

      • OWTS owners

      • Local agencies

      • Regional Water Board

      • State Water Board

    • Tiers 0 through 4 requirements

    • Conditional waiver

    • Attachment 1:Timeline

    • Attachment 2: Names/locations of impaired waters


Part one background

Tiered Requirements

(Continued)

Tier Zero:Existing OWTS that are functioning properly and are not adjacent to septic-polluted surface waters (10,000 gallons or less)

Tier One:New or replaced OWTS that meet low-risk siting and design criteria (3,500 gallons or less)

Tier Two:New or replaced OWTS covered by a Local Agency Management Program (10,000 gallons or less)

Tier Three:OWTS associated with impaired water bodies and septic polluted surface waters (10,000 gallons or less)

Tier Four:OWTS requiring corrective action


Part one background

Tiered Requirements

(Continued)

  • Tier 0: Existing Systems

  • No impact to homeowner, if of OWTS:

    • Operating properly (not failing)

    • Used as designed


Part one background

Tiered Requirements

(Continued)

  • Tier 1:No local program

  • Minimum requirements for sites “ideal” for OWTS:

    • Site evaluation and system design by PE, PG, or REHS

    • System installed by state certified contractor

    • 5 feet vertical separation to hardpan; 5-20 feet vertical separation to groundwater based on percolation rate of soil

    • Rock fragment content of solid not more than 50% by volume

    • Soil percolation 1-90 minutes per inch

    • Slope no greater than 25%

    • Trench no deeper than 10 feet

    • IAPMO certifed septic tanks with risers


Part one background

Tiered Requirements

(Continued)

  • Tier 2:Local Agency Management Program

  • Program element alternatives:

  • Regional Water Boards will consider local programs that differ from Tier 1 requirements, but continue to protect groundwater through OWTS:

    • Design requirements

    • Siting controls, such as system density and setback requirements

    • Monitoring and maintenance requirements

    • Creation of onsite management districts


Part one background

Tiered Requirements

(Continued)

  • Tier 2: Local Agency Management Program

  • Program submittal requirements:

    • Requirements for existing OWTS inspection, monitoring, maintenance, and repairs

    • Assurance that repairs are brought into conformance with program requirements “to the greatest extent practicable”

    • Education, training, certification and/or licensing requirements for onsite wastewater professionals


Part one background

Tiered Requirements

(Continued)

  • Tier 2: Local Agency Management Program

  • Program submittal requirements (continued):

    • Educational outreach program for property buyers, including information about their supplemental treatment systems

    • Septage management plan

    • Use of onsite management districts

    • Regional Salt and Nutrient Management Plans


Part one background

Tiered Requirements

(Continued)

  • Tier 2: Local Agency Management Program

  • Program submittal requirements (continued):

    • Detail specific deviations from Tier 1 requirements and how all the criteria in the local program work together to achieve a comparable level of water quality protection.

  • Local agency responsibilities:

    • Records of numbers/location of complaints

    • Records of numbers/location of OWTS servicing and pumping


  • Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    • Tier 2: Local Agency Management Program

    • Local agency responsibilities (continued):

      • Records of number/location of repairs and new systems

      • List of new OWTS within 500 feet of sewer system

      • Monitoring program for nitrates and pathogens in surface and groundwater (existing data may be used)

      • Submit annual report and needed program changes every three years


    Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    • Tier 2: Local Agency Management Program

    • Prohibitions:

      • Cess pools

      • System with design flow over 10,000 gallons per day

      • Surface disposal or impoundment

      • Slopes greater than 30% without slope stability report

      • Decreased drainfield area by more than 30% for chamber systems


    Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    • Tier 2: Local Agency Management Program

    • Prohibitions:

      • Supplemental treatment system without periodic monitoring

      • System receiving only RV waste

      • Vertical separation to groundwater less than 2 feet with supplemental treatment


    Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    • Tier 3: Impaired Water

    • TMDL Process:

      • What Is The TMDL Process?

        • Total Maximum Daily Load is a requirement in the Federal Clean Water Act that establishes allowable loadings of pollutants to a pollution-impaired waterbody.


    Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    • Tier 3:Impaired Water

    • TMDL Process (continued):

      • The process has three steps:

        • Identify and prepare a 303(d) list of impaired waters

        • Establish Priority Waters/Watersheds for remedial action

        • Develop TMDLs that will achieve water quality standards


    Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    303(d) Impaired Waters:

    (For Nitrates and Pathogens)

    Region 1:11

    Region 2:14

    Region 3: 7

    Region 4:21

    Region 5: 4

    Region 6: 0

    Region 7: 4

    Region 8:14

    Region 9: 9

    Butte County: 0


    Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    • Tier 3:Impaired Water

    • All agencies with impaired waters must have Advanced Protection Management Plan for new and replacement OWTS

    • Impaired Waterway with TMDL

      • Advanced Protection Management Plan requirements must be consistent with TMDL

  • Impaired Waterway without TMDL

    • Advanced Protection Management Plan requirements must be consistent with Tier 3 requirements


  • Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    • Tier 3:Impaired Water

      • Impaired Waterway without TMDL

        • Develop TMDL within 5 years

    • Impaired Waterway without TMDL after 5 years

      • Supplemental treatment for any sewage discharge within 100 feet of impaired waterway within 2 years


    Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    Tier 3:Impaired Water

    No TMDL after 5 years, requirements to become effective in 2 more years:

    600 feet

    100 feet

    Nitrate Problems

    (New/Replacement Systems)

    50% reduction

    Impaired Waterway

    • Pathogen Problems

    • (New/Replacement Systems)

    • TSS 30 mg/l

    • FC 200 MPN/100 ml

    • Vertical Separation3 feet

    • All Systems

    • TSS 30 mg/l

    • FC 200 MPN/100 ml

    • Vertical Separation3 feet


    Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    • Tier 3:Impaired Water

    • Other requirements

      • Description of inspection report that may be submitted by a system owner during TMDL assessment

      • Prohibitions same as Tier 2

      • Setbacks same as Tier 1 and 2

      • Exemption for parcels connecting to a sewer system

      • Same system monitoring requirements as Tier 2

      • Alarms, telemetry, inspection requirements for supplemental treatment and disinfection equipment


    Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    • Tier 4:System Repairs

    • Major repair defined

      • Poolng effluent

      • Discharge of wastewater to the surface (of the ground)

      • Wastewater backup into plumbing fixtures because of lack of percolation

      • Septic tank baffle or structural failure

  • Septic tank must be brought up to Tier 1 or 2 standards


  • Part one background

    Tiered Requirements

    (Continued)

    • Tier 4:System Repairs

    • Other requirements

      • Correct OWTS receiving more sewage than design flow

      • Broken components must be repaired (d-box, crushed pipe)

      • Correct OWTS if it makes ground or surface water unfit to drink or use or causes nuisance

      • If not corrected, OWTS owner must submit Report of Waste Discharge to the Regional Water Quality Control Board


    Part one background

    Part Three. Anticipated Impact on Butte County


    Part one background

    Anticipated Impact

    (Continued)

    Comparison with Tier 1


    Part one background

    Anticipated Impact

    (Continued)

    Comparison with Tier 1


    Part one background

    Anticipated Impact

    (Continued)

    Comparison with Tier 1


    Part one background

    Anticipated Impact

    (Continued)

    Comparison with Tier 1


    Part one background

    Anticipated Impact

    (Continued)

    • Other new requirements and procedures:

      • 3.3 Annual report

      • 4.2 Regional Board may adopt more restrictive standards

      • 4.3 Regional Board has 90 days to review Local Agency Management Plans

      • 4.4.4 Local jurisdiction may appeal Regional Board determination to the State Water Board


    Part one background

    Anticipated Impact

    (Continued)

    • Other new requirements and procedures:

      • 9.3.8Requirements for ongoing monitoring and assessment of ground and surface water (with emphasis on existing sources of data)

      • 9.3.9Annual report to Regional Board

        • Report every 3 years on needed changes in Local Agency Management Program


    Part one background

    Anticipated Impact

    (Continued)

    • Factors that may minimize local impact:

      • Requirements in our Ordinance and Manual are science-based, comprehensive, and flexible

  • Science-based throughout

  • Comprehensive

  • Built in flexibility

  • Based on broad framework provided by Questa Engineering


  • Part one background

    Anticipated Impact

    (Continued)

    • Factors that may minimize local impact:

      • Requirements in our Ordinance and Manual are science-based, comprehensive, and flexible

  • Substantially consistent with original AB 885 requirements

  • Enjoyed the active participation of Regional Board staff and local wastewater professionals over a 4 year period

  • Has been widely viewed as a model by other jurisdictions


  • Part one background

    Anticipated Impact

    (Continued)

    • Factors that may minimize local impact:

      • Regional Boards directed to consider past performance of local program to protect water quality and “where this as been achieved with criteria differing form Tier 1or other prescribed criteral, shall not necessarily require modifications to the program for purposes of uniformity.”


    Part one background

    Part Five. Workshops and Public Comment


    Part one background

    Water Board Workshops

    1-4 p.m. and 6-9 p.m.


    Part one background

    Butte County Information Center

    .

    1

    www.buttecounty.net/publichealth

    2


    Part one background

    Butte County Information Center

    .

    Headlines and Hot Topics

    Draft AB 885 policy

    Link to the Water Board website for draft policy

    This presentation

    3


  • Login