Antebellum Expansion. Unit IVA AP United States History. Fundamental Questions. Was the onset/cause of the Civil War solely on the issue of slavery or was it a series of circumstances? What is the historical basis and precedence of the sectional conflict between the North and South?.
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AP United States History
Was the onset/cause of the Civil War solely on the issue of slavery or was it a series of circumstances?
What is the historical basis and precedence of the sectional conflict between the North and South?
National political campaigns and spoils system galvanize political parties
laissez-faire and free trade
South and West
Andrew Jackson, Martin van Buren, James K. Polk
strong federal government
Mixed on slavery
New England, Northerners
upper and middle class professionals
Rise of Third Parties
issue party concerned about Freemasons
promoted economic nationalism and social conservatism
introduced party conventions
Free Soil Party:
Against expansion of slavery in new territories
Away, away with these cobweb tissues of the rights of discovery, exploration, settlement,… [The American claim] is by the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty… - John L. Sullivan, Democratic Review, 1845
Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Moral and emotional argument against slavery
Impending Crisis of the South by Hinton Helper (1857)
Empirical analysis of economic impact of slavery on the South
Sociology for the South (1854) by George Fitzhugh
Capitalism and liberalism virtually enslaved the lower classes
Slavery not only for black but also poor whites
Cannibals All! (1857) by George Fitzhugh
Southern slaves lived more productive and healthier lives than Northern wage workers