Gravity Hills and Strange Slopes, ( 怪坡 ) Dark Matters on Parallel Universes Updated December 27, 2013. Sing H. Lin , Ph.D., 林星雄 · 博士 E-Mail: [email protected] In New Jersey, USA. Gravity Hill at Moncton, eastern Canada Gravity Hills on Coastal Roads Evidences against Illusion Theory
Gravity Hills on Coastal Roads
Evidences against Illusion Theory
Dark Matters on Parallel Universes
Gravity Hills, Mystery Spots and Frontier of Science
Dark Matter, Dark Energy, Dark FlowGravity Hills and Strange Slopes,Dark Matter on Parallel UniversesOutlines
Vehicles in neutral transmission gear and brake released simply roll uphill on their own.
People pours water on the paved road surface of the gravity hill and water just flows uphill.
People put water bottle or basket ball on the paved road surface of the gravity hill and water bottle or basket ball just rolls uphillStrange Gravity Phenomenon onmany Gravity Hills
Gravity at gravity hills is normal simply roll uphill on their own.
Strange gravity hill phenomenon is due to illusion in human perception
The human perceived bottom of gravity hill slope is “higher” than human perceived top of the slopePopular Illusion Theory for Gravity HillsClaims That:
Results from carpenter’s level test and from land survey measurements on gravity hills support Illusion Theory.
If the bottom in the middle of this section of road were higher than the top as claimed by Illusion Theory, we should be able to see the “higher” bottom from the waiting area on the topBut we cannot see the bottom in previous picture. This puts a serious doubt on the Illusion Theory.
If the bottom were “higher” than the top as claimed by Illusion Theory, Then, we should be able to see the waiting area and the line of waiting vehicles on the top from the “higher” bottomBut we cannot see the waiting area and the line of waiting vehicles on the top from the bottom.This again puts a serious doubt on the validity of Illusion Theory
Views from both the top and the bottom consistently indicate that: The bottom of the slope in the middle of this section of road is lower than the top of the slope, and is lower than the far end of this section of road.This first evidence puts serious doubt on validity of Illusion Theory.
Human perception of the top and the bottom of this coastal gravity hill should be correct because of the visibility of nearby ocean horizontal line.Human Perception On Coastal Gravity Hills
But carpenter level and land survey measurements on coastal gravity hills still indicate that human perceived bottom is higher than human perceived top, supporting Illusion Theory
Illusion Theory, carpenter level tests and results of land survey measurements are wrong because of influence of abnormal gravity on liquid bubble and plumb line used in such measurements on gravity hills as explained in the following 3 charts.Illusion Theory on Coastal Gravity Hills
Top and Bottom of an Uphill Slope gravity hills still indicate that human perceived bottom is higher than human perceived top, supporting Illusion Theory
Top of Hill
Bottom of Hill
Reference Horizontal Plane
On Gravity Hill, Plumb Line and Liquid Bubble Yield (Wrong) gravity hills still indicate that human perceived bottom is higher than human perceived top, supporting Illusion Theory
Tilted Horizontal Plan Because of Influence of Abnormal Gravity
Tilted Horizontal Plane due to
Uphill Slope of Gravity Hill
Reference Horizontal Plane
Land Survey Measurements Yield Wrong Results gravity hills still indicate that human perceived bottom is higher than human perceived top, supporting Illusion Theory
Because Horizontal Plan Is Tilted by Abnormal Gravity
Tilted Horizontal Plane due to
Uphill Slope becomes downhill
Slope relative to tilted horizon
Top of Gravity Hill is below tilted horizon
Reference Horizontal Plane
The horizontal plane as indicated by plumb line and liquid bubble is tilted due to abnormal gravity
The top of gravity hill becomes below the tilted horizontal plane (dashed red line)
The top becomes lower than the bottom according to such measurements.
The uphill slope becomes downhill slope according to the tilted horizontal plane (dashed red line)
Illusion Theory is supported by such wrong measurement resultsCarpenter’s Level and Land Survey Measurements Yield Wrong Results on Gravity Hills
Electric Brae on coastal road A719 in Ayrshire in Scotland bubble is tilted due to abnormal gravity
Magnetic Hill on coastal road A27 on Isle of Man in Great Britain
Anti-Gravity Point on a coastal road near Salalah in Oman
A gravity hill on coastal road N247 west of Lisbon, PortugalThere are more than one known Coastal Gravity Hill
All visitors on such coastal gravity hills can see horizontal line in nearby ocean. These coastal gravity hills are second set of evidence against illusion theory.
Reported on many YouTube video sites bubble is tilted due to abnormal gravity
Many long lists of gravity hills reported on Internet
As more roads are paved in developing countries, more gravity hills are being discovered.
More potential gravity hills are still unknown because there is no paved road in wilderness, deserts, farm fields, golf courses, etc.Hundreds of Known Gravity HillsAll Over The World
Abnormal horizontal gravity on such gravity hills is strong enough to pull vehicles, water bottles, basketballs, and water to roll uphill.
Typical length of gravity hills on paved roads is only a few hundred feet
Typical slope of gravity hills is only a few degrees or less
The strange gravity hill phenomenon may show up for a few hundreds feet, then disappears, then shows up again short distance (0.3 to 2 miles) away on the same roadCharacteristics of Gravity Hillsfrom many Known Gravity Hills
Abnormal horizontal gravity on small gravity hills in such mystery spots is strong enough to pull balls, water bottles, and water to roll uphill.
The size of the entire mystery zone is about 165 feet to 300 feet.
The gravity vector in such area has small scale structure with variation of vector direction in one to two feet of short distance
The size of the source of the abnormal gravity must be very compact (a few feet) to be able to produce gravity vector with such small scale structures.Characteristics of Mystery Spotsfrom Several Known Mystery Spots
If the strange phenomena on these gravity hills and Mystery Spots are not due to illusion in human perception, then two key questions are:
What is causing such strange gravity phenomena?
What is the source for such abnormal gravity that has significant horizontal component that is strong enough to pull vehicles, water bottles, water, basket balls etc. to roll up the slope of these gravity hills?What Causes the Strange Phenomenonon These Gravity Hills and Mystery Spots?
Typical slope of gravity hills is a few degrees Spots are not due to illusion in human perception, then two key questions are:
The abnormal horizontal gravity must be at least a few percent of the weight of vehicles, water bottles, etc. to be able to pull them to roll uphill
The compact source of abnormal gravity must have extreme high mass density that is at least 1,000 times greater than that of regular average material on earth to have enough total mass to produce necessary strength of such abnormal gravity.Our Familiar Regular Matters Cannot Produce Such Gravity Hill Effect - 1
But our familiar regular matters CANNOT provide such extreme high mass density on earth surface
We conclude that our familiar regular matter on earth cannot produce the strange gravity phenomena on those gravity hills, and mystery spots.
This means the source causing these strange gravity phenomena probably comes from unknown matter(s) that are very different from our familiar regular matters on earthOur Familiar Regular Matters Cannot Produce Such Gravity Hill Effect - 2
The source of such abnormal horizontal gravity is NOT our familiar regular matters
Therefore, the source of such abnormal horizontal gravity is unfamiliar and unknown matter with extreme mass density at least 1000 times greater than that of our familiar average material on earth
I, therefore, call such unusual source as some kind of Dark Matter because nobody has been able to see and to touch such strange unfamiliar matter with such extreme mass densityKey Factors Indicating Dark Matters as The Source for Strange Gravity Hill Phenomenon
The source of abnormal gravity must be on or above ground to be able to pull vehicles, water bottles and balls to roll uphill.
For many years, nobody has ever seen or detected or touched such strange dark matter(s) with such extreme mass density on or above those hundreds of gravity hills, Oregon Vortex and several similar mystery spots.
We cannot see it, cannot touch it, but we can feel the effects of gravity from those dark matters.
I, therefore, believe that such strange source may be in parallel universes, not in our familiar universe.Key Factors Indicating Dark Matters may be on Parallel Universes
A Rotating Spiral Galaxy be able to pull vehicles, water bottles and balls to roll uphill.
Galactic Rotation Problem be able to pull vehicles, water bottles and balls to roll uphill.
Rotation curve of a typical spiral galaxy:
predicted (A) vs. observed (B) by Vera Rubin in 1970.
Distance from Center of Galaxy
Coma Cluster of Thousands of Galaxies be able to pull vehicles, water bottles and balls to roll uphill.
Fritz Zwicky in Caltech first discovered evidence of dark matter (missing mass) in 1933
Based on his observation of dynamics of galaxies in Coma cluster of thousands of galaxies
Found that the luminous matter of the Coma galaxy cluster is far from enough to support the high velocities of the galaxies in the cluster
Conclusion: a lot of dark mater must be present with a much greater density than luminous matter
But Zwicky’s discovery in 1933 did not receive much attention until Vera Rubin’s work in 1970First Observational Evidenceof Dark Matter
The high velocities of cluster of galaxies observed by matter (missing mass) in 1933Fritz Zwicky in 1933, the galactic rotation problem observed by Vera Rubin in 1970 and the subsequent observations of gravitation lensing all imply existence of dark matter consistently.
They imply that dark matter is five times more abundant than our familiar regular matter
However, the astronomy observations so far still cannot tell if dark matter is in our universe or in parallel universeConsistent Results from Several Astronomy Observations
In ancient time, it was believed that earth was the center of universe because the sun, the moon and all stars look rotating around our earth.
But now we know that earth is not the center of universe
Historically, it was believed that our universe is the only universe in the entire cosmos
But recent advances in science indicates that our universe may not be the only one and there may be many other parallel universes.Evolution of Science
The preliminary result from my 20-year investigation of gravity hills, Oregon Vortex and other similar mystery spots indicates that dark matters may be in other parallel universe, not in our universe
If such result is proven correct, it will be an important breakthrough and contribution to the frontier of modern science.
If we accept such finding, what are the consequences?Where are dark matters?
Cold dark matter provides the critical gravitational scaffolding (i.e., framework, backbone, skeleton) for the formation of galaxy clusters, galaxies and stars.
Without the scaffolding of cold dark matter, our familiar galaxy clusters, galaxies and stars could not form and could not exist.Recent Scientific Studies by using Simulation on Super-Computers indicate:
Gravity can leak from one universe into other parallel universes because gravity is represented by closed-loop string which is NOT stuck to a brane (i.e., universe)
On the other hand, all matters and other forces (electromagnetic force, strong force, weak force, and light) are all confined within their own universe because they are represented by open strings which are stuck in their own brane (i.e., universe)Gravity can leak from One Universe into Other Parallel Universes - 1
In our universe, we can feel and observe the effects of gravity from other parallel universes
But we cannot see and cannot touch those matters (dark matters) that reside on other parallel universes
We cannot feel and cannot observe the effects of other forces and of matters in other universes, except of gravity.Gravity can leak from One Universe into Other Parallel Universes - 2
If dark matters exist on other parallel universes and play key roles in formation of galaxy clusters, galaxies and stars in our universe,
This means parallel universes are not totally independent of each other
Parallel universes are strongly coupled through the Inter-Universe Coupling GravityInter-Universe Coupling Gravity
Gravity Hills key roles in formation of galaxy clusters, galaxies and stars in our universe,
Dark FlowThe Five Big Mysteries at the Frontier of Modern Science - 1
The Word “Dark” in these key roles in formation of galaxy clusters, galaxies and stars in our universe,big mysteries means that Science still does not understand them, still has no scientific explanation(s) for them.
These five big mysteries appear as five unrelated mysteries
It has been very difficult to try to contrive five unrelated mechanisms to explain them
It is a very exciting time in science!The Five Big Mysteries at the Frontier of Modern Science - 2
Concept of parallel universes key roles in formation of galaxy clusters, galaxies and stars in our universe,
Dark Matters are on other parallel universes
Parallel universes are strongly coupled through Inter-Universe Coupling GravityIf We Accept:
Then these five big mysteries become closely related and can easily be explained by the plain old gravity, that is the Inter-Universe Coupling Gravity as described in the companion set of PowerPoint Presentation (PPP) entitled “Dark Energy and Dark Flow as explained by Inter-Universe Coupling Gravity”. This PPP is available on my web page at:
For 80 years since key roles in formation of galaxy clusters, galaxies and stars in our universe,Fritz Zwicky in 1933, our scientific observations and explorations have gone beyond our universe into the effects of gravity originating from dark matters on other parallel universesThe Five Big Mysteries at the Frontier of Modern Science - 3
Gravity from other parallel universes have been knocking on five different doors and windows of our familiar universe
They appear as very strange and unrelated big mysteries until we, now, recognize the roles of parallel universes in these mysteries
Even though many of us are still uncomfortable with the concept of parallel universes, we probably will see more of such big mysteries originating from parallel universes in the futureThe Five Big Mysteries at the Frontier of Modern Science - 4
They are Dark because we cannot see them, cannot touch them and still do not understand them well
But we can see and sense the effects of their gravityThe Five Big Mysteries at the Frontier of Modern Science - 5
More detailed information for this sets of PowerPoint Presentations are on my two web pages at: