Broadband ict investment and public policy
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Broadband, ICT Investment and Public Policy. Robert W. Crandall The Brookings Institution and Criterion Economics KMB Video Journal 41 st Invitational Conference St. Pete Beach, FL May 12-14, 2008. The OECD Estimates of Broadband Penetration Show the U.S. Lagging.

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Broadband, ICT Investment and Public Policy

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Broadband, ICT Investment and Public Policy

Robert W. Crandall

The Brookings Institution and Criterion Economics

KMB Video Journal

41st Invitational Conference

St. Pete Beach, FL

May 12-14, 2008


The OECD Estimates of Broadband PenetrationShow the U.S. Lagging


But the OECD Measures Are Very Misleading

  • Generally ignore wireless broadband

  • Fail to adjust for household size

  • Include business subscribers with residential subscribers for DSL

  • Do not capture other high-speed business services delivered by telcos

  • Result: Countries with highest “broadband penetration” are, in reality, those with greatest business use of mass-market broadband –presumably because high-speed dedicated lines are either too expensive or unavailable


Household Penetration Statistics Year-End 2006 Provide a Very Different Picture

U.S. Household Penetration: 47% as of October 2006

Source: European Commission, E-Communications Household Survey, 2007; Pew (2007)


A Much Broader “Connectivity Index” Has Been Constructed Using 25 Indicators

Source: Waverman, Dasgupta & Tonkin, The Connectivity Scorecard, LECG, 2008


The United States Has the Highest Connectivity Index Among OECD Countries

Summary of The Connectivity Scorecard

  • Country Score

  • United States 6.97

  • Sweden 6.83

  • Japan 6.80

  • Canada 6.50

  • UK 6.10

  • Finland 6.10

  • Australia 5.93

  • Germany 5.52

  • France 5.07 1

  • Korea 4.78

  • Hong Kong 4.46

  • Italy 3.85

  • Spain 3.56

  • Hungary 3.18

  • Czech 3.11

  • Poland 2.18

Source: Waverman, Dasgupta & Tonkin, The Connectivity Scorecard, 2008


U.S. Telcos Have Been Investing Far More than EU Telcos


And Productivity Growth Has Been Much Greater in the U.S. than in the EU

Source: Groningen Growth & Development Center


Dale Jorgenson and Colleagues Have Estimated Sources of U.S. Productivity Growth


Information Technology Drives U.S. Productivity Growth, but Software Has Dominated Other IT Products

Source; Dale Jorgenson, PFF Presentation, 2007


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