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Adjetivos. Adjectives are frequently descriptive. That is, most often adjectives are used to describe a noun, or distinguish the noun from a group of similar objects. For example, an adjective might describe the color of an object. the red pen the blue pen.

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Adjetivos

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Adjetivos


  • Adjectives are frequently descriptive. That is, most often adjectives are used to describe a noun, or distinguish the noun from a group of similar objects. For example, an adjective might describe the color of an object.

  • the red penthe blue pen


  • In Spanish, most adjectives change form, depending upon whether the word they modify is masculine or feminine. Notice the difference between "the tall boy" and "the tall girl."

  • el chico altola chica alta


Adjectives also change form depending upon whether the word they modify is singular or plural. Notice the difference between "the tall boy" and "the tall boys" ; "the tall girl" and "the tall girls."

el chico altolos chicos altos

la chica altalas chicas altas


  • Many common adjectives end in -o. These adjectives have four forms. The following words all mean "tall":

  • altoaltaaltosaltas


  • The correct form of the adjective depends upon the noun it modifies. Is the noun masculine or feminine? Singular or plural?

  • libro rojored bookpluma rojared penlibros rojosred booksplumas rojasred pens


  • Notice how the endings of the nouns and these adjectives are similar.

  • libro rojopluma rojalibros rojosplumas rojas


  • Adjectives that end in -e also change form for singular or plural. To form the plural, simply add -s.

  • la chica inteligentelas chicas inteligentes


  • Adjectives that end in -e do not, however, change form for masculine or feminine.

  • la chica inteligenteel chico inteligentelas chicas inteligenteslos chicos inteligentes


  • Similarly, most adjectives that end in a consonant do change form for singular or plural, but do not change for masculine or feminine. To form the plural, add -es.

  • la chica popularel chico popularlas chicas populareslos chicos populares


  • Let's review.

  • Adjectives that end in -o have four forms: alto, alta, altos, altas

  • Adjectives that end in -e have two forms: inteligente, inteligentes

  • Most adjectives that end in a consonant have two forms: popular, populares (form plural by adding -es)


  • A. Choose the correct form of the adjective.

  • rojoHay una pluma _____ encima de la mesa.

    rojorojarojosrojas


2. altoLa chica _____ está en la casa. altoaltaaltosaltas


3. pequeñoHay tres libros _____ en la bolsa. pequeñopequeñapequeñospequeñas


4. pocoHay _____ chicos en la clase. pocopocapocospocas


5. muchoHay _____ chicas en la clase. muchomuchosmuchamuchas


6. bonitoHoy es un día _____. bonitobonitabonitosbonitas


7. guapoÉl es un hombre _____. guapoguapaguaposguapas


8. negroElla tiene pelo _____. negronegranegrosnegras


9. rubioÉl tiene pelo _____. rubiorubiarubiosrubias


10. simpáticoMuchas personas _____ viven en Latino América. simpáticosimpáticasimpáticossimpáticas


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