Introduction to anti semitism and the beginnings of extermination
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Introduction to Anti-Semitism and the beginnings of extermination. Main debates in historiographical Holocaust. What are the arguments on why Hitler proceeded to commit genocide ? Intentionalism - Hitler intended to murder all Jews from an early date.

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Introduction to anti semitism and the beginnings of extermination

Introduction to Anti-Semitism and the beginnings of extermination.


Main debates in historiographical holocaust

Main debates in historiographical Holocaust

  • What are the arguments on why Hitler proceeded to commit genocide?

  • Intentionalism- Hitler intended to murder all Jews from an early date.

  • Functionalism/Structuralism- The murder of European Jewry was a function of the Nazi State‚Äôs structure


Phases of nazi anti semitic policy

Phases of Nazi Anti-Semitic Policy

  • Phase 1- Legal persecution and exclusion from German society (1933-1938).

  • Phase 2- Forced emigration and expansion of the Judenfrage(1938-1941).

  • Phase 3- Extermination of European Jewry (1942-1945).


Phase i

Phase i

Legal ways in which the Nazi regime persecuted Jewry.

Minor:

  • April boycott(1933).

  • Re-establishment of the Professional Civil Service, 1933.


Phase i continued

Phase I continued

The major law in which instituted Jewish discrimination

  • The Nuremberg Laws (1935).

  • Two degrees of considering who was a Jew, called Mischling.

  • Does this sound familiar towards anything done in any other countries?


Phase ii

Phase II

  • Forced emigration and expansion of the Judenfrage.

  • Flight tax implemented called, reichsfluchtstuer..

  • Laws on names were made to identify Jews (1938).

  • Jewish passports with stamps.


Phase ii continued

Phase ii continued

  • What event ushered in the 2nd phase of Nazi persecution of Jews?

  • The Kristallnacht that took place 11/91938.

  • Outbreak of war impacts Nazi Jewish policy.

  • Quota systems placed on the Jews, making it hard to escape and flee from war and persecution.


Phase iii

Phase III

  • Extermination of European Jewry .

  • Jews are forced to move into Ghettos.

  • Conditions in Ghettos are horrible.

  • What happened in these Ghettos?

  • Ghettos administered through Schenllbrief.


Phase iii continued

Phase iii continued

  • Extermination & eugenics program performed on all unwanted people or attributes.

  • Operations and decrees make mass killings legal in Germany.

  • Code name T4 implemented.

  • Operation Barbarossa implemented.


Operation barbarossa

Operation Barbarossa

  • The new policy which Operation Barbarossa instated made it easy for Nazi Germany to round up all Jews and start committing mass murder.

  • Why would the Nazis make the decision to murder all the Jews?

  • Those who would round up the Jews were called the Einsatzgruppen.


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • The Jewish community went through stages of persecution starting with legal rights to persecute, emigration, and then extermination.

  • Hitler believed he could get away with it, used the cover of war to cloud intentions.

  • More than 5 million individuals are killed because of decrees and policy.


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