introduction to anti semitism and the beginnings of extermination
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Introduction to Anti-Semitism and the beginnings of extermination. Main debates in historiographical Holocaust. What are the arguments on why Hitler proceeded to commit genocide ? Intentionalism - Hitler intended to murder all Jews from an early date.

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main debates in historiographical holocaust
Main debates in historiographical Holocaust
  • What are the arguments on why Hitler proceeded to commit genocide?
  • Intentionalism- Hitler intended to murder all Jews from an early date.
  • Functionalism/Structuralism- The murder of European Jewry was a function of the Nazi State’s structure
phases of nazi anti semitic policy
Phases of Nazi Anti-Semitic Policy
  • Phase 1- Legal persecution and exclusion from German society (1933-1938).
  • Phase 2- Forced emigration and expansion of the Judenfrage(1938-1941).
  • Phase 3- Extermination of European Jewry (1942-1945).
phase i
Phase i

Legal ways in which the Nazi regime persecuted Jewry.

Minor:

  • April boycott(1933).
  • Re-establishment of the Professional Civil Service, 1933.
phase i continued
Phase I continued

The major law in which instituted Jewish discrimination

  • The Nuremberg Laws (1935).
  • Two degrees of considering who was a Jew, called Mischling.
  • Does this sound familiar towards anything done in any other countries?
phase ii
Phase II
  • Forced emigration and expansion of the Judenfrage.
  • Flight tax implemented called, reichsfluchtstuer..
  • Laws on names were made to identify Jews (1938).
  • Jewish passports with stamps.
phase ii continued
Phase ii continued
  • What event ushered in the 2nd phase of Nazi persecution of Jews?
  • The Kristallnacht that took place 11/91938.
  • Outbreak of war impacts Nazi Jewish policy.
  • Quota systems placed on the Jews, making it hard to escape and flee from war and persecution.
phase iii
Phase III
  • Extermination of European Jewry .
  • Jews are forced to move into Ghettos.
  • Conditions in Ghettos are horrible.
  • What happened in these Ghettos?
  • Ghettos administered through Schenllbrief.
phase iii continued
Phase iii continued
  • Extermination & eugenics program performed on all unwanted people or attributes.
  • Operations and decrees make mass killings legal in Germany.
  • Code name T4 implemented.
  • Operation Barbarossa implemented.
operation barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
  • The new policy which Operation Barbarossa instated made it easy for Nazi Germany to round up all Jews and start committing mass murder.
  • Why would the Nazis make the decision to murder all the Jews?
  • Those who would round up the Jews were called the Einsatzgruppen.
conclusion
Conclusion
  • The Jewish community went through stages of persecution starting with legal rights to persecute, emigration, and then extermination.
  • Hitler believed he could get away with it, used the cover of war to cloud intentions.
  • More than 5 million individuals are killed because of decrees and policy.
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