Renaissance
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Renaissance. Art in the. 1400 – 1600. Overview. Italian/Early 1400-1490 Italian/High 1500-1600 Northern/Late 1500-1600. map. Renaissance. 1 st period to name itself and say nasty things about earlier times: “Gothic” & “Dark Ages” means “Rebirth”

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Renaissance

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Renaissance

Renaissance

Art in the

1400 – 1600


Overview

Overview

  • Italian/Early 1400-1490

  • Italian/High 1500-1600

  • Northern/Late 1500-1600


Renaissance

map


Renaissance1

Renaissance

  • 1st period to name itself and say nasty things about earlier times:“Gothic” & “Dark Ages”

  • means “Rebirth”

  • Looking back to Classical culture – Ancient Greece and Rome


Renaissance2

Renaissance

  • Church is still the biggest power structure

  • Beginning of banking

  • Private fortunes & power

  • Starts in Italy – specifically Florence


Man loves himself once again

Man loves himself once again

The Return of Humanism


From pico della mirandola s oration on the dignity of man 1486

from Pico della Mirandola's Oration on the Dignity of Man (1486)

. . . I feel that I have come to some understanding of why man is the most fortunate of living things and, consequently, deserving of all admiration; of what may be the condition in the hierarchy of beings assigned to him, which draws upon him the envy, not of the brutes alone, but of the astral beings and of the very intelligences which dwell beyond the confines of the world.


Donatello david 1432

Donatello, David,1432


Donatello david 14321

Donatello, David,1432

Tuscan hat


Donatello david 1432 goliath s head detail

Style of helmet & art symbolic reference to other Italian city-states

Donatello,David,1432Goliath’s headdetail

Love of texture


Donatello david 14322

  • 1st free-standing, life size nude sculpture since antiquity!

  • contrapposto; but not just an imitation of past models

  • for private collection

  • David = underdog = Florence

  • Goliath = giant = Milan & other central Italian cities in league against Florence

Donatello, David, 1432


Donatello david 14323

Inscription:

“The victor is whoever defends the fatherland. God crushes the wrath of an enormous foe. Behold - a boy overcame a great tyrant! Conquer, O citizens! Kingdoms fall through luxury, cities rise through virtues. Behold the neck of pride, severed by the hand of humility.”

Donatello, David, 1432


An earlier donatello david c 1410

An earlier Donatello David (c.1410)


Florence cathedral brunelleschi dome

CONFIDENCE REDISCOVERED!

Florence CathedralBrunelleschi dome


Renaissance

Tower designed by Giotto,

1334


View of duomo from pitti palace across the river

View of Duomo from Pitti Palace (across the river)


Renaissance

Pitti Palace

Uffizzi

View from the Duomo


Pazzi chapel

Pazzi Chapel

Post & lintel returns;

GEOMETRY


Pazzi chapel1

Pazzi Chapel


Pitti palace

Pitti Palace


Alberti fa ade architect santa maria novella florence 1470

Alberti (façade architect), Santa Maria Novella, Florence, 1470


Masaccio trinity 1427 28 fresco 21 10 1 2 x 10 4 santa maria novella florence

MasaccioTrinity1427-28Fresco21' 10 1/2" x 10' 4 Santa Maria Novella, Florence

1st use of linear perspective


Masaccio tribute money c 1427

Masaccio, Tribute Money, c. 1427


Tribute money detail use of chiaroscuro light and dark shading to create volume in the clothes

Tribute Money,detail use of chiaroscuro (light and dark shading) to create volume in the clothes.


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding

Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding1

Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding2

Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding3

Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Renaissance

Ghiberti, LorenzoDetail from the Gates of ParadiseThe story of Joseph1425-52Bronze with gilding80 x 80 cmBaptistery, Florence


Botticelli sandro the birth of venus c 1485 tempera on canvas 67 7 8 x 109 5 8 in

BOTTICELLI, SandroThe birth of Venusc. 1485, Tempera on canvas(67 7/8 x 109 5/8 in.)


Botticelli sandro primavera c 1482 tempera on wood 203 x 314 cm

BOTTICELLI, SandroPrimaverac. 1482. Tempera on wood203 x 314 cm


Botticelli sandro primavera c 1482 tempera on wood 203 x 314 cm1

BOTTICELLI, SandroPrimaverac. 1482. Tempera on wood203 x 314 cm


Botticelli sandro venus and mars c 1485 egg tempera and oil on poplar 69 x 173 5 cm

BOTTICELLI, SandroVenus and Marsc. 1485. Egg tempera and oil on poplar69 x 173.5 cm

NOT BIBLICAL!


Key image

KEY IMAGE

PERIOD:

PLACE:

ARTIST:

TITLE:

DATE:

Early Renaissance

Florence

Donatello

David

1432


Key image1

PERIOD:

ARTIST:

TITLE:

Renaissance

KEY IMAGE

Botticelli

La Primavera (Birth of Spring)


Pazzi chapel2

Pazzi Chapel

KEY IMAGE


Summary italian renaissance

Summary – Italian Renaissance

  • POLITICS – Italian city-states; power from money

  • EARLY RENAISSANCE – Florence

  • HIGH RENAISSANCE –

  • ART – Classical ideals revived

  • IDEAS – Humanism returns


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