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Renaissance. Art in the. 1400 – 1600. Overview. Italian/Early 1400-1490 Italian/High 1500-1600 Northern/Late 1500-1600. map. Renaissance. 1 st period to name itself and say nasty things about earlier times: “Gothic” & “Dark Ages” means “Rebirth”

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Renaissance
Renaissance

Art in the

1400 – 1600


Overview
Overview

  • Italian/Early 1400-1490

  • Italian/High 1500-1600

  • Northern/Late 1500-1600



Renaissance1
Renaissance

  • 1st period to name itself and say nasty things about earlier times:“Gothic” & “Dark Ages”

  • means “Rebirth”

  • Looking back to Classical culture – Ancient Greece and Rome


Renaissance2
Renaissance

  • Church is still the biggest power structure

  • Beginning of banking

  • Private fortunes & power

  • Starts in Italy – specifically Florence


Man loves himself once again
Man loves himself once again

The Return of Humanism


From pico della mirandola s oration on the dignity of man 1486
from Pico della Mirandola's Oration on the Dignity of Man (1486)

. . . I feel that I have come to some understanding of why man is the most fortunate of living things and, consequently, deserving of all admiration; of what may be the condition in the hierarchy of beings assigned to him, which draws upon him the envy, not of the brutes alone, but of the astral beings and of the very intelligences which dwell beyond the confines of the world.


Donatello david 1432
Donatello, David,1432


Donatello david 14321
Donatello, David,1432

Tuscan hat


Donatello david 1432 goliath s head detail

Style of helmet & art symbolic reference to other Italian city-states

Donatello,David,1432Goliath’s headdetail

Love of texture


Donatello david 14322

  • 1 city-statesst free-standing, life size nude sculpture since antiquity!

  • contrapposto; but not just an imitation of past models

  • for private collection

  • David = underdog = Florence

  • Goliath = giant = Milan & other central Italian cities in league against Florence

Donatello, David, 1432


Donatello david 14323

Inscription: city-states

“The victor is whoever defends the fatherland. God crushes the wrath of an enormous foe. Behold - a boy overcame a great tyrant! Conquer, O citizens! Kingdoms fall through luxury, cities rise through virtues. Behold the neck of pride, severed by the hand of humility.”

Donatello, David, 1432


An earlier donatello david c 1410
An earlier Donatello city-statesDavid (c.1410)


Florence cathedral brunelleschi dome

CONFIDENCE REDISCOVERED! city-states

Florence CathedralBrunelleschi dome


Tower designed by Giotto, city-states

1334



Pitti Palace city-states

Uffizzi

View from the Duomo


Pazzi chapel
Pazzi Chapel city-states

Post & lintel returns;

GEOMETRY


Pazzi chapel1
Pazzi Chapel city-states


Pitti palace
Pitti Palace city-states



Masaccio trinity 1427 28 fresco 21 10 1 2 x 10 4 santa maria novella florence
Masaccio 1470Trinity1427-28Fresco21' 10 1/2" x 10' 4 Santa Maria Novella, Florence

1st use of linear perspective


Masaccio tribute money c 1427
Masaccio, 1470Tribute Money, c. 1427


Tribute money detail use of chiaroscuro light and dark shading to create volume in the clothes
Tribute Money, 1470detail use of chiaroscuro (light and dark shading) to create volume in the clothes.


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding
Ghiberti, Lorenzo 1470The Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding1
Ghiberti, Lorenzo 1470The Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding2
Ghiberti, Lorenzo 1470The Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti lorenzo the gates of paradise 1425 52 bronze with gilding3
Ghiberti, Lorenzo 1470The Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti, Lorenzo 1470Detail from the Gates of ParadiseThe story of Joseph1425-52Bronze with gilding80 x 80 cmBaptistery, Florence


Botticelli sandro the birth of venus c 1485 tempera on canvas 67 7 8 x 109 5 8 in
BOTTICELLI, Sandro 1470The birth of Venusc. 1485, Tempera on canvas(67 7/8 x 109 5/8 in.)


Botticelli sandro primavera c 1482 tempera on wood 203 x 314 cm
BOTTICELLI, Sandro 1470Primaverac. 1482. Tempera on wood203 x 314 cm


Botticelli sandro primavera c 1482 tempera on wood 203 x 314 cm1
BOTTICELLI, Sandro 1470Primaverac. 1482. Tempera on wood203 x 314 cm


Botticelli sandro venus and mars c 1485 egg tempera and oil on poplar 69 x 173 5 cm
BOTTICELLI, Sandro 1470Venus and Marsc. 1485. Egg tempera and oil on poplar69 x 173.5 cm

NOT BIBLICAL!


Key image
KEY IMAGE 1470

PERIOD:

PLACE:

ARTIST:

TITLE:

DATE:

Early Renaissance

Florence

Donatello

David

1432


Key image1

PERIOD: 1470

ARTIST:

TITLE:

Renaissance

KEY IMAGE

Botticelli

La Primavera (Birth of Spring)


Pazzi chapel2
Pazzi Chapel 1470

KEY IMAGE


Summary italian renaissance
Summary – Italian Renaissance 1470

  • POLITICS – Italian city-states; power from money

  • EARLY RENAISSANCE – Florence

  • HIGH RENAISSANCE –

  • ART – Classical ideals revived

  • IDEAS – Humanism returns


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