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Renaissance. Art in the. 1400 – 1600. Overview. Italian/Early 1400-1490 Italian/High 1500-1600 Northern/Late 1500-1600. map. Renaissance. 1 st period to name itself and say nasty things about earlier times: “Gothic” & “Dark Ages” means “Rebirth”

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Renaissance

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Renaissance

Art in the

1400 – 1600


Overview

  • Italian/Early 1400-1490

  • Italian/High 1500-1600

  • Northern/Late 1500-1600


map


Renaissance

  • 1st period to name itself and say nasty things about earlier times:“Gothic” & “Dark Ages”

  • means “Rebirth”

  • Looking back to Classical culture – Ancient Greece and Rome


Renaissance

  • Church is still the biggest power structure

  • Beginning of banking

  • Private fortunes & power

  • Starts in Italy – specifically Florence


Man loves himself once again

The Return of Humanism


from Pico della Mirandola's Oration on the Dignity of Man (1486)

. . . I feel that I have come to some understanding of why man is the most fortunate of living things and, consequently, deserving of all admiration; of what may be the condition in the hierarchy of beings assigned to him, which draws upon him the envy, not of the brutes alone, but of the astral beings and of the very intelligences which dwell beyond the confines of the world.


Donatello, David,1432


Donatello, David,1432

Tuscan hat


Style of helmet & art symbolic reference to other Italian city-states

Donatello,David,1432Goliath’s headdetail

Love of texture


  • 1st free-standing, life size nude sculpture since antiquity!

  • contrapposto; but not just an imitation of past models

  • for private collection

  • David = underdog = Florence

  • Goliath = giant = Milan & other central Italian cities in league against Florence

Donatello, David, 1432


Inscription:

“The victor is whoever defends the fatherland. God crushes the wrath of an enormous foe. Behold - a boy overcame a great tyrant! Conquer, O citizens! Kingdoms fall through luxury, cities rise through virtues. Behold the neck of pride, severed by the hand of humility.”

Donatello, David, 1432


An earlier Donatello David (c.1410)


CONFIDENCE REDISCOVERED!

Florence CathedralBrunelleschi dome


Tower designed by Giotto,

1334


View of Duomo from Pitti Palace (across the river)


Pitti Palace

Uffizzi

View from the Duomo


Pazzi Chapel

Post & lintel returns;

GEOMETRY


Pazzi Chapel


Pitti Palace


Alberti (façade architect), Santa Maria Novella, Florence, 1470


MasaccioTrinity1427-28Fresco21' 10 1/2" x 10' 4 Santa Maria Novella, Florence

1st use of linear perspective


Masaccio, Tribute Money, c. 1427


Tribute Money,detail use of chiaroscuro (light and dark shading) to create volume in the clothes.


Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti, LorenzoThe Gates of Paradise1425-52Bronze with gilding


Ghiberti, LorenzoDetail from the Gates of ParadiseThe story of Joseph1425-52Bronze with gilding80 x 80 cmBaptistery, Florence


BOTTICELLI, SandroThe birth of Venusc. 1485, Tempera on canvas(67 7/8 x 109 5/8 in.)


BOTTICELLI, SandroPrimaverac. 1482. Tempera on wood203 x 314 cm


BOTTICELLI, SandroPrimaverac. 1482. Tempera on wood203 x 314 cm


BOTTICELLI, SandroVenus and Marsc. 1485. Egg tempera and oil on poplar69 x 173.5 cm

NOT BIBLICAL!


KEY IMAGE

PERIOD:

PLACE:

ARTIST:

TITLE:

DATE:

Early Renaissance

Florence

Donatello

David

1432


PERIOD:

ARTIST:

TITLE:

Renaissance

KEY IMAGE

Botticelli

La Primavera (Birth of Spring)


Pazzi Chapel

KEY IMAGE


Summary – Italian Renaissance

  • POLITICS – Italian city-states; power from money

  • EARLY RENAISSANCE – Florence

  • HIGH RENAISSANCE –

  • ART – Classical ideals revived

  • IDEAS – Humanism returns


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