Empires of mesopotamia
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Empires of Mesopotamia. 2350 BC Sargon and the Akkadians Conquer Mesopotamia. 612 BC The Chaldeans took over the Assyrians. 1590 BC The Kassites took control from the Hittites and ruled Mesopotamia. 900 BC The Assyrians loss power but regained it and started taking all of the region.

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Empires of Mesopotamia

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Empires of mesopotamia

Empires of Mesopotamia


Empires of mesopotamia

2350 BC Sargon and the Akkadians Conquer Mesopotamia

612 BC The Chaldeans took over the Assyrians

1590 BC The Kassites took control from the Hittites and ruled Mesopotamia

900 BC The Assyrians loss power but regained it and started taking all of the region

7000 BC 1st farm settlements were formed in Mesopotamia

1792 BC Hammurabi became King of Babylon

1200 BC The Assyrians had their 1st campaign as rulers of the Fertile Crescent

3000 BC Several thousand Sumerians had settled in Mesopotamia

1800 BC The Babylonian Empire took control of Mesopotamia

652 BC A Series of wars broke out inside the Assyrian Empire and weakened their power.

1595 BC The Hittites conquered the powerful Babylon Empire with use of CHARIOTS

2000 BC The Strong Civilization of Ur loses power


1 st settlements

1st Settlements

  • Farmers

    • No longer needed to hunt and gather

  • City-States Started to form

    • Strong central city and the country side around it

      World’s 1st Civilizations Began


Sumeria

Sumeria

World’s 1st Civilizations Began

  • Empires began to spread throughout Mesopotamia

    • land with different territories and people under a single rule.

  • AKKADIAN EMPIRE

    • Sargon ruled from 2334-2279 BC

    • 1st Permanent Army


Sumeria1

Sumeria

  • Religion

    • Polytheism – the worship of many Gods

    • Priests – performed or led religious ceremonies

    • Ziggurats – pyramid shaped temple to worship the Gods


Sumeria2

KINGS

PRIESTS

CRAFTSPEOPLE, MERCHANTS, and TRADERS

FARMERS and LABORERS

SLAVES

Sumeria

  • Social Heirarchy – Division of society by rank or class (Who is most important and who is least important)


Sumeria3

Sumeria

  • Achievements

    • Cuneiform – World’s 1st writing system

    • Wheel

    • Plow

    • Built Sewer Systems

    • Bronze Tools and Weapons

    • Great mathematicians

      • Calendar

      • 12 Month year

    • Great Builders

    • Awesome ART


Babylon

Babylon

Babylonian Empire

  • 1800 BC – 1595 BC

  • Hammurabi

    • Brilliant War Leader

    • Increased Trade to Mesopotamia

    • Hammurabi’s Code – set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

    • inscribed on a tall basalt pillar.


  • 3200 2000 bce sumer babylon

    3200-2000 BCE: Sumer & Babylon


    The hittites and kassites

    The Hittites and Kassites

    Hittites

    • 1595 BC – ruled for only a short time

  • Strong Kingdom

  • Used Chariots

  • Mastered Ironworking

    Kassites

  • Took over Mesopotamia while the Hittites were in tough times.

    • 1600 – 1200 BC


  • Assyrians

    Assyrians

    Assyrian Empire

    • 1200 – 652 BC

  • Long lasting empire but swayed until 900 BC when they started taking control of all of Mesopotamia.

  • Strong Army

    • Iron Weapons and Chariots

    • Killed anyone in their way

  • The King ruled his large empire through local leaders.


  • Chaldeans

    Chaldeans

    • The Assyrian Empire had wars over who should be King and weakened their major empire.

    • Chaldean Empire took advantage of the weakened state of the Assyrians and took control in 612 BC


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