Historical Origins of Criminal Investigation. Chapter 1. Overview. The Evolution of the Detective Development of Criminalistics Legal Influences on the Development of Criminal Investigation Review Questions Opportunity for Student Questions. Learning Objectives.
“America’s Founder of Criminal Investigation”
Scientific analysis of physical evidence is conducted by 10 or 11 specialized units
grouped into three sections. (A brief description of the areas of analysis for each
unit is listed below.)
Information obtained from: http://www.doj.state.wi.us/dles/crimelabs/analysis.asp
Dactylography (Fingerprint Identification)
Edward Richard Henry
Devised a fingerprint classification system
Arthur Conan Doyle
Wrote fiction depicting Sherlock Holmes
Founded the Institute of Criminalistics
Coined “Every contact leaves a trace”
Wrote Modern Criminal Investigation
The right of the people to be secure in their person, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.