Outcomes january 30 feb1
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Outcomes – January 30-Feb1. 1. Receive two mole bucks for having the practice quiz done prio r to the quiz! 2. Revisit naming and formula writing, figuring out how to read the flow chart given 3. Learn what a mole is and why we use the unit “mole” to describe quantity of atoms and molecules!.

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Outcomes – January 30-Feb1

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Outcomes january 30 feb1

Outcomes – January 30-Feb1

  • 1. Receive two mole bucks for having the practice quiz done priorto the quiz!

  • 2. Revisit naming and formula writing, figuring out how to read the flow chart given

  • 3. Learn what a mole is and why we use the unit “mole” to describe quantity of atoms and molecules!


Bellwork feb 7 8

Bellwork Feb. 7-8

  • How many atoms of each element are in the reactants side of the following equation:

    2 FeCl3 + 1 Be3(PO4)2 --> 3 BeCl2 + 2 FePO4

    Now, do the same for the products side.

  • What do you notice about the number of atoms?


Outcomes january 30 feb1

  • What is it called when the number and mass on both sides of the equation are equivalent to each other?


Outcomes january 30 feb1

  • Answer: The Law of Conservation of Mass


Outcomes feb 7 8

Outcomes Feb 7-8

  • Schedule a time with my teacher to re-take Unit 7 Quiz during Office Hours or Seminar, if I need to

  • Be an ace at calculating molar mass for atoms and for compounds

  • Write down that the Unit 8 Test is February 13 (A)-14 (B)


Exit quiz feb 7 8 please use a full sheet of paper

Exit Quiz Feb 7-8Please use a full sheet of paper!

  • 1. Which type of compound, ionic or covalent, do you use prefixes for?

  • 2. What always goes first in the name of ionic compounds: the cation or the anion?

  • 3. Write the molar mass for one mole of Tungsten, in grams

  • 4. Write the formula: Magnesium chloride

  • 5. How many atoms are in one mole of Carbon?

  • 6. How many grams are in two moles of Na2SO4?


Exit quiz alternate feb 7 8

Exit Quiz – Alternate –Feb 7-8

  • You are expected to draw the conversions chart and to have your calculator in Chemistry class from now on!

  • 1. How many moles of Hydrogen are in 28.9 grams of Hydrogen?

  • 2. How many atoms of Germanium are in 4.2 moles of Germanium?

  • 3. What must you sum up when calculating the molar mass of a compound?

  • 4. If you have a coefficient of 2 for a compound, what happens to the total number of atoms for an element in the compound?


Outcomes feb 1 2

Outcomes Feb 1-2

  • 1. Learn how to calculate molar mass

  • 2. Practice writing names and formulas for ionic and covalent compounds

  • 3. Ace an exit quiz which tests your mastery of naming and formula writing and moles


Bellwork feb 1 2

Bellwork – Feb 1-2

  • 1. Write the formula for lithium carbonate

  • 2. How many atoms of each element are in: 4LiC2H3O2 and 4Mg3(SO4)2

  • 3. Write the name for Si2O4

  • 4. How many moles are in 36.03 particles of Carbon? (Hint: use 6.02x10^23 _______ = 1 mole ____)


Unit 8 moles types of reactions balancing equations

Unit 8 – Moles, Types of reactions, balancing equations


Bell work

Bell work

  • Determine the number of atoms in each of the following (ie: 1 carbon atom, 3 oxygen atoms, etc):

    Li2SO4 Al(OH)3 N2O3

    CCl4 Mg3(PO4)2 BeCl2

  • Name them.


Agenda

Agenda

  • Bell work

  • The mole

  • Practice with conversions

  • Naming Challenge

  • Homework: Molar mass and conversions homework


Honors

Honors

  • Is anyone interested in joining honors for second semester?

  • Pick up an application! The due date has been extended.


The mole and molar mass

The mole and Molar Mass


What is a mole

What is a mole?

  • Quantity of particles

  • Volume of gases at STP (Standard Temp and Pressure

    • We’ll get to this later

  • Mole to mole ratios

  • Molar mass


Outcomes january 30 feb1

Dozen = 12

Pair = 2

Names associated with an amount

Can you think of any more?????


Quantity of particles

Quantity of Particles

  • 1 mole = 6.02 x 1023 particles

  • If I have a mole of M&Ms, how many M&Ms do I have?

  • If I have a mole of pennies, how many pennies do I have?


The mole

The Mole

6.02 x 1023 atoms


Outcomes january 30 feb1

6.02 x 1023

6.02 x 1023 Watermelon seeds would be found inside a melon slightly larger than the moon.


Outcomes january 30 feb1

6.02 x 1023

6.02 x 1023 Donut holes would cover the Earth and be 5 miles deep.

HOLEY MOLEY!!!!


Outcomes january 30 feb1

6.02 x 1023

6.02 x 1023 Pennies would make at least 7 stacks that would reach the moon.


Outcomes january 30 feb1

6.02 x 1023

6.02 x 1023 Grains of sand would be more than all of the sand on Miami Beach.


Outcomes january 30 feb1

6.02 x 1023

6.02 x 1023 Blood cells would be more than the total number of blood cells found in every human on Earth.


Outcomes january 30 feb1

6.02 x 1023

A 1 Liter bottle of water contains 55.5 moles H2O.


Outcomes january 30 feb1

6.02 x 1023

A 5 pound bag of sugar contains 6.6 moles of C12H22O11.


Outcomes january 30 feb1

6.02 x 1023

There are 3 types of moles that live underground in North America: Eastern Mole, Hairy-Tailed Mole and Star-Nosed Mole.


The mole1

The Mole

6.02 x 1023 atoms


Outcomes january 30 feb1

6.02 x 1023 somethings = 1


Why do we use moles

Why do we use moles?

  • Atoms are very, very small.

  • 1 atom of hydrogen weighs approximately 1.67 x 10-27 kg.

  • As a result, it’s not very practical to do chemical reactions by counting out the number of atoms or molecules that will be reacting, because we’ll be counting for a very long time!


Outcomes january 30 feb1

  • You’ve seen this before, because when working with a large number of objects, it’s frequently handy to use units that are easier to work with.

  • 2 shoes = 1 pair

  • 12 eggs = 1 dozen

  • 144 pencils = 1 gross

  • 500 sheets of paper = 1 ream

  • 6.02 x 1023 atoms or molecules = 1 mole

  • The idea behind moles is the same as the idea behind “dozens”, except that the number is much bigger.


Why don t we use moles all the time in everyday life could we

Why don’t we use moles all the time in everyday life? Could we?

  • Yes, we could.

  • Although we could use moles to describe numbers of things that we work with everyday, it’s not really very practical.

  • 1 mole of most objects that you work with on a daily basis is very, very large. For example, 1 mole of M&M’s would cover the continental United States to a depth of 125 km.


Outcomes january 30 feb1

The Mole…..

The mole (mol) is the amount of a substance that

contains as many elementary entities as there

are atoms in exactly 12.00 grams of 12C

1 mol = NA = 6.0221367 x 1023

Avogadro’s number (NA)


Molar mass

Molar Mass

eggs

  • Mass of 1 mole of a compound

  • Units: grams/mole (g/mol)

Molar mass is the mass of 1 mole of in grams

shoes

marbles

atoms


How can you find it

How can you find it?

1 amu = 1 g/mol

These numbers are proportional

(how convenient!)


Outcomes january 30 feb1

What is the mass of one mole of:

32.06 g/mol

S

C

12.01 g/mol

200.59 g/mol

Hg

Cu

63.55 g/mol

Fe

55.85 g/mol

3.2


How to find the molar mass of a compound

How to find the molar mass of a compound:

  • Sum the masses of all of the atoms in the molecule

  • Example: NaCl

    Na:22.99 grams x1 atom = 22.99 g/mol

    Cl: 35.45 grams x 1 atom =35.45 g/mol

    Total: 58.44 grams/mol


Find the molar mass of methane

Find the molar mass of methane:


Try on your own

Try on your own:

  • Find the molar mass of Mg(NO3)2,

  • MgCl2

  • Fe(OH)2,

  • Be3(PO4)2

    Mg: 24.31 grams x 1 atom = 24.31 grams/mol

    N: 14.01 grams x 2 atoms = 28.02 grams/mol

    O:16.00 grams x 6 atoms = 96.00 grams/mol

    Total: 148.33 grams/mol

  • MgCl295.21 g/mol

  • Fe(OH)290 g/mol

  • Be3(PO4)2217 g/mol


Calculations

Calculations

  • How do you count out a mole of atoms?

  • You don’t. Even if it were possible to count out individual atoms in a reasonable period of time, the equipment we have only measures “grams.”

  • As a result, we need to be able to convert between atoms/molecules, moles, and grams.


Conversion factors

Conversion factors

  • 1 mole = _____ g (molar mass)

  • 1 mole = 6.02 x 1023 atoms or molecules (Avogadro’s number)

  • 1 always goes in front of moles!


Use this diagram

Use this diagram

grams

Molecules

or atoms

Molar

mass

6.02 x 1023

moles

  • Convert as usual

  • Handy hint:

  • In conversion factors, always write “1” in front of “moles”!

  • ******YOU MUST ALWAYS GO THROUGH MOLES!!!********


Outcomes january 30 feb1

If you match up what goes on top and what goes on the bottom, you don’t have to remember whether you multiply or divide


Outcomes january 30 feb1

1 mol K

6.022 x 1023 atoms K

x

x

=

1 mol K

39.10 g K

How many atoms are in

0.551 g of potassium (K) ?

1 mol K = 39.10 g K

1 mol K = 6.022 x 1023 atoms K

0.551 g K

8.49 x 1021 atoms K

Let’s try a few more…………….

3.2


More practice

More Practice

  • How many grams are in 2.1 moles of Be?

  • How many molecules are in 6.3 moles of CH4?

  • How many molecules are there in 11.1 grams of carbon dioxide?

  • How many grams are in 4.1 x 1023 molecules of H2O?


More practice1

More Practice

  • How many grams are in 2.1 moles of Be? (18.9)

  • How many molecules are in 6.3 moles of CH4? (3.79 x 1024 molecules)

  • How many molecules are there in 11.1 grams of carbon dioxide? (1.51 x 1023 molecules)

  • How many grams are in 4.1 x 1023 molecules of H2O? (18.7 g).


Outcomes january 30 feb1

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  • Molar mass and conversions IP


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