Holocaust vocabulary
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Holocaust Vocabulary. HOLOCAUST. Term used to refer to the systematic murder of 6 million Jews by the Nazis between 1933-1945. “ Holokaustos ” meaning “Burnt whole” (over 11 million people in all). ADOLF HITLER. Ruler of Germany during WWII, called the “Fuhrer”. FUHRER.

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Holocaust Vocabulary

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HolocaustVocabulary


HOLOCAUST

Term used to refer to the systematic murder of 6 million Jews by the Nazis between 1933-1945. “Holokaustos” meaning “Burnt whole”

(over 11 million people in all)


ADOLF HITLER

Ruler of Germany during WWII, called the “Fuhrer”


FUHRER

A leader, especially one exercising the absolute power of a tyrant


DICTATOR

A ruler with absolute power


ARYAN

Racial term used by Nazis to describe a “race” they believed to be superior. It has no biological validity

(This is where the Blue eyes, blonde hair, tanned skin stereotype came from)


ANTI-SEMITISM

Discrimination or persecution of Jews


CONCENTRATION CAMP

Place where political prisoners were kept

(EX: Dachau, Bergen-Belsen, forced labor, POW, transit camps)


DEATH CAMPS

Nazi centers of murder and extermination


GENOCIDE

The systematic elimination of a people or nation


Top Genocides“geno” – race, “cide” - kill

  • Bosnia (1992-1995) – 200,000 Deaths

  • Rwanda (1994) – 800,000 Deaths

  • Cambodia (1975-1979) –

    2 million Deaths

  • Nazi Holocaust (1933-1945) –

    6 million Deaths

  • Stalin’s Forced Famine (1932-33) –

    7 million Deaths


GHETTO

a section of a city occupied by a minority group who live there especially because of social, economic, or legal pressure


NAZISM

the ideology and practice

of the Nazis, especially

the policy of racist

nationalism, national expansion, and state

control of the economy


SWASTIKA

Symbol of the Nazi party; originally an ancient religious symbol


FINAL SOLUTION

The Nazi term for the annihilation of the Jews in Europe


PROPAGANDA

False or partly false information used by a government/political party intended to influence/sway the opinions of the population


ASSERTION

  • Commonly used in advertising

  • An enthusiastic and energetic statement presented as a fact, although not necessarily true

  • Should be accepted without question

    “My product is the best”


BANDWAGON

  • An appeal to the subject to follow the crowd, to join in because others are doing it

  • One side is the winning side because it has more people, more popular

  • The subject is meant to believe that since it has so many people, the “win” is inevitable and defeat impossible

  • Backwards look: you will be left out if you don’t join in

    “If everyone jumped off a cliff, would you?”


SS

Formed in 1925 as Hitler’s personal guards and developed into the most powerful affiliated organization of the Nazi party


STAR OF DAVID

(Yellow Star)

Universal symbol of Judaism, also the Shield of David


PERSECUTION

The systematic mistreatment of an individual or group by another group


GESTAPO

Abbreviation for Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police)


NUREMBERG TRIALS

Trials held in Nuremberg, Germany from 1945-1949 to prosecute war criminals from Nazi Germany for their crimes against the Jews. The main targets charged were political, economic, and military leaders.


Nuremberg Trials. Defendants in the dock. The main target of the prosecution was Hermann Göring (at the left edge on the first row of benches), considered to be the most important surviving official in the ThirdReich after Hitler's death.


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