First aid on the farm 1360328
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First Aid on the Farm. First Response Know who to call Know appropriate information to give dispatcher Provide care until EMS arrives Check airway (A) Check breathing (B) Check circulation (C). Shock, Unconsciousness and Fainting. Signs Cold, clammy skin Pale face Chills Confusion

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First Aid on the Farm

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First aid on the farm

First Aid on the Farm

  • First Response

    • Know who to call

    • Know appropriate information to give dispatcher

  • Provide care until EMS arrives

    • Check airway (A)

    • Check breathing (B)

    • Check circulation (C)


Shock unconsciousness and fainting

Shock, Unconsciousness and Fainting

  • Signs

    • Cold, clammy skin

    • Pale face

    • Chills

    • Confusion

    • Nausea or vomiting


How to treat shock

How to treat shock

  • Lie the person down

  • Elevate the legs

  • Cover with a blanket

  • Give fluids


Choking

Choking

  • Determine whether a person is choking

    • Ask “Are you choking?”

    • Send someone to call for help

    • Perform the Heimlich Maneuver


Heimlich maneuver

Heimlich Maneuver

  • Wrap your arms around the victim’s waist

  • Make a fist

  • Place the thumb side of the fist on the abdomen

  • Grasp the fist with the other hand

  • Press the fist into the abdomen with quick upward thrusts

  • Repeat until the victim starts to breath or cough


An unconscious choking victim

An Unconscious Choking Victim

  • Perform a finger sweep

  • Tilt the head/chin back

  • Pinch the nose shut

  • Seal your lips around victim’s

  • Give two full breaths


Artificial respiration

Artificial Respiration

  • If a person does not respond

    • Yell for help

    • Put the person on their back

    • Tilting back the head and lifting the chin.

    • Clear the mouth of obstruction


Check for breathing

Check for Breathing

  • Look

  • Listen

  • Feel

  • Give two full breaths

  • Check pulse

  • Continue rescue breathing 1 breath every 5 seconds


Head spine and neck injuries

Head, Spine, and Neck Injuries

  • Do not move the person

  • Stabilize the body

  • Prevent any movement of the head, neck and spine


Broken bones

Broken Bones

  • Place limb in natural position

  • Extend splints beyond joints

  • Use firm material for splint

  • Pad splint

  • Fasten with bandage or cloth at break and at points along the splint


Amputated limbs

Amputated limbs

  • Recover amputated limb

  • Rinse in clean water

  • Wrap in wet towel

  • Seal in plastic bag

  • Cool severed part with ice


First aid on the farm 1360328

Protecting the Pinky

  • Wrap digit in saline-soaked gauze...

  • …transport on ice


Heat exhaustion

Heat Exhaustion

  • Results from increased heart rate

  • Occurs with poor ventilation or

  • Loss of body fluids and salts


Symptoms

Symptoms

  • Fatigue

  • Dizziness

  • Clammy with normal skin temperatures


Treatment

Treatment

  • Move victim to a cool spot

  • Give cool (not cold) water

  • Rest


Heat stroke

Heat Stroke

  • Result of body’s sweat glands shutting down

  • Symptoms

    • Mental confusion

    • Collapse

    • Unconsciousness

    • Fever

    • Mottled skin


Treatment1

Treatment

  • Time is of the essence!

  • Move victim to cool place

  • Pour cool water over victim

  • Fan victim until help arrives


Bleeding

Bleeding

  • Put on gloves

  • Use finger or hand pressure

  • Use a belt or bandage to hold in place

  • If bones are not broken, elevate bleeding body part


Eye injuries

Eye Injuries

  • Foreign object

    • Do not rub the eye

    • Pull upper eyelid over lower eyelid

    • Flush with water

    • If unable to remove, cover both eyes with gauze and seek medical attention


Eye injury

Eye Injury

  • Chemical Injury

    • Flush eye with water for 15 minutes

    • Seek medical attention


Penetrating eye injuries

Penetrating Eye Injuries

  • Don’t remove object

  • Don’t wash eye

  • Cover both eyes with gauze

  • Keep victim on back

  • Seek medical attention

  • Transport on stretcher


Eyelid injuries

Eyelid injuries

  • Check eye for lacerations

  • If bleeding apply pressure

  • Apply cold

  • Seek medical attention


Blunt eye injuries

Blunt Eye Injuries

  • Apply cold

  • Dress with sterile bandage

  • Transport on stretcher

  • Seek medical attention


Poisons

Poisons

  • If poison is a solid (e.g. pills)

    • Cover finger in clean cloth

    • Perform finger sweep and remove solid

  • If poison is a gas

    • Protect yourself with respirator

    • Assist victim to fresh air


Poisons1

Poisons

  • If poison is a corrosive

    • Remove clothing from affected area

    • Flush with water for 30 minutes


First aid on the farm 1360328

  • For any poisoning take with the label when calling for help!!


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