Reflexive verbs
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Reflexive Verbs. The subject of a verb is the person or thing “doing” the verb The object of a verb is the person or thing receiving the action of the verb A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same .

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Reflexive Verbs

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Reflexive verbs

Reflexive Verbs

  • The subject of a verb is the person or thing “doing” the verb

  • The object of a verb is the person or thing receiving the action of the verb

  • A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same.

  • Ejemplo: I wash myself.subject: I verb: wash object: myself

  • Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive.

  • I wash the car.subject: I verb: washobject: car

  • Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.


Verbos reflexivos

VerbosReflexivos

  • When a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in "se.“

    • ejemplos: lavarse, despertarse, acostarse

  • When you learned to conjugate regular verbs, you needed to learn a set of pronouns called "subject pronouns."

  • Ejemplo: lavar—yolavo, tú lavas, él, ella, ud. lava etc.

  • To learn to conjugate reflexive verbs, you need to learn a different set of pronouns called "reflexive pronouns."

  • When conjugating these pronouns are positioned before the verb, the ending "se" is dropped and the verb is conjugated normally.

  • Ejemplo: lavarse—yomelavo: I wash (myself)


Verbos reflexivos1

Verbos Reflexivos

  • The reflexive pronouns:

    • me (myself)te (yourself)se (himself, herself, yourself)nos (ourselves)os (yourselves)se (themselves, yourselves)

  • The purpose of the reflexive pronouns is to show that the subject takes action on themselves.

    • Ejemplo: Juan se lava la cara: Juan washes his face. (reflexive)

    • Juan lava sucarro.(non-reflexive) : Juan washes his car.

    • Note: When referring to body parts (reflexive), use the definite article, thus "la cara" not "sucara."


Verbos reflexivos2

Verbos Reflexivos

  • Note that many, many verbs can be made reflexive. All it means when a verb is reflexive is that the action remains with the subject.

  • EN FIN: LOS PASOS

    • 1: take off the “se,” match ittothesubject—subject and object are thesame—and position it in front of theverb

    • 2: conjugatetheverbnormallyforthesubject (justlikealways)


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