Ch 30 kennedy and the cold war
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What did Kennedy face: Spread of communism Threat of nuclear war The Candidates: Democrat John F. Kennedy Republican Richard M. Nixon. Ch 30: Kennedy and the Cold War. The Candidates. 1960 election-highlighted growing power of television Agreed to 4 debates

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Ch 30: Kennedy and the Cold War

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Ch 30 kennedy and the cold war

What did Kennedy face:

Spread of communism

Threat of nuclear war

The Candidates:

Democrat John F. Kennedy

Republican Richard M. Nixon

Ch 30:Kennedy and the Cold War


The candidates

The Candidates


Televised debates make the difference

1960 election-highlighted growing power of television

Agreed to 4 debates

Debate boiled down to how the candidates looked and spoke, rather than what they said

Kennedy’s “Victory” proved crucial to the election

Televised Debates make the difference


Kennedy launches new cold war strategies

First goal: build up the nation’s armed forces

Flexible response: defense policy, one that prepared the US for any type of conflict

Creating good will among nations

Peace Corps, 1961-”missions of freedom”

Alliance for Progress-resurrect Good Neighbor policy toward Latin America-not successful

Kennedy launches New Cold War Strategies


Limiting nuclear weapons

Limiting Nuclear Weapons

  • Reducing the threat

    • Disarmament talks

      • 1969-Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT)

    • Examples of limits

      • Anti-ballistic missiles

      • Reagan launched “Star Wars” missile defense against nuclear attack

      • Era of détente-relaxation of tensions (during the 1970s)

        • Ended in 1979-when the Soviets invaded Afghanistan

      • 1968-signing of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty


The cold war goes global

ALLIES

Building alliances & bases

NATO

1955-Southeast-Asia Treaty Org (SEATO)

US, Britain, France, Australia, Pakistan, Thailand, New Zealand & the Philippines

Central Treaty Org (CENTO)

Britain, Turkey, Iran, and Pakistan

SOVIETS

Warsaw Pact

Formed alliances with government in Africa and Asia

Communist China (1949-1960)

Alliances were known as the Soviet bloc

DIFFERENCES:

Americans established army, navy & air force bases around the globe

The Cold War goes Global


Cuba goes communist

90 miles off the coast of Florida

1950s-Fidel Castro

Organized an armed rebellion

By 1959-Castro had led his guerrilla army to victory

Known as the Cuban Revolution

Supported by the Soviet Union

Nationalized businesses

Most land now under government control

Severely limited Cubans’ political freedoms

Cuba goes Communist


Bay of pigs

1961-JFK supported an invasion by US trained Cuban exiles

Invaders came ashore in the “bay of pigs”

Castro’s forces captured the invaders

US response: placed a trade embargo on Cuba that still remains in effect

Bay of Pigs


Cuban missile crisis

1962-Soviets sent missiles to Cuba

JFK’s response:

Imposed a naval blockade that prevented further Soviet shipments

For a few days the world faced a risk of nuclear war

Finally Khrushchev agreed to remove the Soviet missiles and war was averted

Cuban Missile Crisis


Assessment

Assessment

  • How did Kennedy respond to the continuing challenges of the Cold War?

  • Television played an important role in the 1960 presidential election. How influential is television in presidential elections today?

  • How did the Cuban missile crisis affect public opinion about President Kennedy?


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