Understanding Pliocene Climate: The Pliocene Model
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Understanding Pliocene Climate: The Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project. Alan Haywood, Aisling Dolan, Stephen Hunter, Daniel Hill, Ulrich Salzmann, Harry Dowsett, Bette Otto- Bliesner , Mark Chandler, Dan Lunt, David Rowley and the PlioMIP Participants. A 400 ppm world. What has changed?.

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Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

Understanding Pliocene Climate: The Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project

Alan Haywood, Aisling Dolan, Stephen Hunter, Daniel Hill, Ulrich Salzmann, Harry Dowsett, Bette Otto-Bliesner, Mark Chandler, Dan Lunt, David Rowley and the PlioMIP Participants


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

A 400 ppm world

What has

changed?

How much is

yet to come?

Timescale matters


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

The Pliocene


Co 2 summary

CO2 Summary

  • CO2 levels were also varying during the mid-Pliocene Warm Period

  • Moreover, there is uncertainty in the proxy reconstructions of absolute high CO2 levels

  • Thus it is necessary to consider a range of CO2 levels when modelling the ice sheets of the mid-Pliocene

  • 280 to 450+ ppmv

Adapted fro m Bartoli et al. (2011)


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

A Geological Odyssey

Vegetation

Biomes

Sea Surface

Temperature

Topography

Sea Ice

Sea Level

Deep Ocean

Temperature

Land Ice


Mid pliocene conditions

mid-Pliocene conditions

View of mid-Pliocene environments

Less land ice = higher sea level

Less sea ice in the high latitudes

Warmer upwelling zones

Reduced equator to pole surface temperature gradient

ENSO keeps on ticking

Enhanced poleward ocean heat transport/CO2 increase


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

Changing view of mid-Pliocene environments

mid-Pliocene conditions

Tundra BIOME nearly absent

Reduced deserts

Poleward shift in

most BIOMES


Pliomip collaboration

PlioMIP collaboration


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

PlioMIP Results

Pliocene temperature increase

(Haywood et al., 2013 – Climate of the Past)


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

Surface Air Temperatures (°C) – Multi-Model Mean

(Nature Climate Change– Salzmann et al. 2013)


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

Total Precipitation Rate (mm/day) – Multi-Model Mean

(Haywood et al., 2013 – Climate of the Past)


Energy balance analysis

Energy balance analysis

(Hill et al. in-press – Climate of the Past)


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

PlioMIP Results

Changes in the AMOC (Zhang et al., 2013)


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

Monsoons

Mean precipitation (mm/day) differences over East Asia highlighting modelled changes in the Monsoon intensity (Zhang et al., 2013 CP)


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

PlioMIP Results

Can use PlioMIP results to tell us something about ESS


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

SST Data/Model Comparison

Point-based Mean Annual SST comparison

(Dowsett et al., 2013 – Scientific Reports)


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

Terrestrial DMC (proxy signal versus model signal

Proxy-based temperature anomaly

Degree of data-model discordance (anomaly versus anomaly)

(Nature Climate Change– Salzmann et al. 2013)


Pliocene uncertainty

PlioMIP Phase 2

Pliocene Uncertainty…

Data Uncertainty

Analytical, Spatial, Temporal

Boundary Condition Uncertainty

Orbital forcing, Greenhouse gases, Topography

Modelling Uncertainty

Structural, Parameter


Understanding pliocene climate the pliocene model intercomparison project

Conclusions

1. We said too much on the basis of too few models – now fixed

2. Global annual mean temperature increase

3. Enhanced hydrological cycle with changes in monsoons

4. Little consistency in predictions for changes in AMOC

5. CO2 drives changes in the tropics, clear sky albedo dominates at the poles

6. Models struggle to warm high latitudes enough but…

7. …the concept of the ‘stable Pliocene’ is obsolete

8. We need more data for our syntheses with improved time constraints


Revised palaeo@leeds strategy

Revised [email protected] Strategy

  • Marine Micropalaeontologist approved

  • Robotic tape storage device in 2014

  • Modelling of global biogeochemical cycles

  • Physical Oceanography (Modeller)

  • ICP-MS for O and C isotope work

  • Potential for cross group links through isotopes

  • Omni globe and CL system


More broadly for the school

More broadly for the school

  • We can plan for the longer term

  • We have a number of peaks of excellence

  • We have emerging peaks of excellence

  • Must remain a nice place to be

  • Big push for open and transparent decisions

  • Major fan of the fellowship tenure track system

  • Equality in the way fellows are treated


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