Complex Sentences. There are 2 basic kinds of clauses:. Independent Clause Subordinate ( Dependent ) Clause. Independent Clauses. An Independent Clause has a SUBJECT and VERB and CAN stand by itself as a COMPLETE SENTENCE . These are also known as simple sentences .
Subordinate (Dependent) Clause
Ex: The airvibrated.
In the morning, hebegan to play the cello.
We will refer to them as the
For example 5 words begin with the letter A, 6 words begin with the letter W, etc..
Subordinate or Dependent Clause =
Subordinating conjunction (AAWWWUUBBIIS word) + S + V.
It cannot stand alone.
So the formula for a complex sentence is:
Dependent clause Independent Clause
After we ate dinner, we played cards.
Independent Clause Dependent Clause
We played cards after we ate dinner.
Underline the independent clause once and the subordinate clause twice. Some sentences have no subordinate clauses.
Since you want to go to the movies, you will have to eat quickly.
You will have to live at home until you get a job.
Notice: If the dependent clause comes first, then a comma is used to introduce the independent clause.
Insert a comma after the dependent clause if that begins the sentence.
An independent clause (simple sentence) can stand on its own, BUT
A subordinate clause needs to be attached to a independent clause; it cannot stand alone.
What do independent clauses and dependent (subordinate) clauses have in common?
They each have a SUBJECT and a
A compound sentence has 2 or more independent clauses.
A complex sentence includes a subordinating (dependent) clause.