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Unifying the Geometry of General Relativity with the Virtual Particle Nature of Quantum Electrodynamics

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Unifying the Geometry of General Relativity with the Virtual Particle Nature of Quantum Electrodynamics. John R. Laubenstein IWPD Research Center Naperville, Illinois Tel: 630-428-9842 Email: [email protected] www.iwpd.org. American Physical Society 2007 March Meeting

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Unifying

the

Geometry of General Relativity with the

Virtual Particle Nature

of

Quantum Electrodynamics

John R. Laubenstein

IWPD Research Center

Naperville, Illinois

Tel: 630-428-9842

Email: [email protected]

www.iwpd.org

American Physical Society

2007 March Meeting

Denver, Colorado

slide2

We pose the question:

What if the universe is not best described by points – but, rather as two-dimensional rings that have been expanding since the origin of space and time?

slide3

This results in no conceptual change to Spacetime, but rather simply a change in the way we describe Spacetime.

slide4

The basic concept of String Theory is

  • projected beyond the Planck Scale to the
  • Macro-World
  • One spatial dimension is expressed
  • through two-dimensional rings (or rods)
  • and not as points
  • Time is measured through the expansion
  • of these rings (or rods).
slide5

This ring has been dubbed as the “Energime”

The properties of the energime are manifested in one of three fundamental quantum values:

slide6

The Equivalence of Time and a Spatial Dimension through 2D “Rods” or “Rings”

(a) (b) (c)

(a) Light cone with dashed lines showing passage of time

(b) Cylinder defined by two-dimensions of space and “time-lines”

(c) Geometric conversion of the surface area of a cylinder to a sphere depicting a 2-dimensional space defined by points (blue) and a third dimension manifested as rings and representing both the evolution of a spatial dimension and the passage of time

slide14

Two-Dimensional Space Grid (2DSG) with rods extended outward from the planar surface defining both the 3rd spatial dimension along with the passage of time

slide17

Changing

energime field

Massive

Object

Distortion of Flat Space due to Massive Object

slide18

Gravitational Force

  • Determined by a change in scale (gauge) between the Background Energime Field (BEF) and a Local Energime Field (LEF).
slide19

This change in scale can be equivalently viewed as:

  • The “warping” of space and spacetime
  • The transfer (emission and absorption)
  • of a quantum particle (energime)
slide21

Quantitatively: From Infinity

BEF = Unity (by definition)

LEF

BEF Velocity

slide25

The transfer (emission and absorption)

of a quantum particle (energime)

Space and Spacetime

remain

flat

LEF

BEF

Energy and Momentum

slide26

Quantitative: The Addition of Energy (Mass) from a Gravitating Object

BEF Energy = Unity

LEF

BEF

Energy (mass) and Momentum

slide27

Quantitative: The LEF Momentum Due to a Gravitating Object

BEF Momentum = 0

LEF

BEF

Energy (mass) and Momentum

slide28

The Emission and Absorption of a Force-Transmitting Particle

The energy gain and momentum of a

free falling mass is determined exactly

by the LEF Energy and LEF

Momentum absorbed from the field

resulting in the velocity of an object

in flat space and spacetime

LEF

BEF

Energy (mass) and Momentum

slide29

Geometry

Particle

LEF

BEFVelocity

Velocity due to

the absorption of Energy and Momentum from the Field

LEF

BEF

slide30

Gravity and Electrostatic Force

  • Gravity is due to the propagation of a real
  • particle (energime) and is always attractive
  • Electrostatic Force is propagated through a
  • “virtual” particle that emits and absorbs
  • energy and momentum creating both an
  • attractive and repulsive force
slide31

Electrostatic Force

  • The only other allowable force mitigating particle with an infinite reach has a mass of
slide32

K represents a proportionality constant for the given force field and is equal to:

Gravitational Force

Electrostatic Force

slide33

Quantum Electrodynamics (QED)

  • Force is propagated through the exchange of
  • virtual photons
  • The path of these photons can be any one of
  • an infinite number of paths
slide34

Cosmological Accomplishments of

  • Energime Theory
  • 14.2 Billion Years:predicted age of the universe
  • Dark Energy: provides a physical explanation
  • through the emission of free
  • energimes that expand vacuum
  • Accelerated Rate of Expansion: free energime
  • emission predicts an acceleration
  • rate in agreement with observation
slide35

Final Thought

Is it possible that the universe is not best described by points – but, rather with ever expanding energime rings that change the way we describe Spacetime?

John R. Laubenstein

IWPD Research Center

Naperville, Illinois

Tel: 630-428-9842

Email: [email protected]

www.iwpd.org

American Physical Society

2007 March Meeting

Denver, Colorado

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