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Unifying the Geometry of General Relativity with the Virtual Particle Nature of Quantum Electrodynamics. John R. Laubenstein IWPD Research Center Naperville, Illinois Tel: 630-428-9842 Email: [email protected] www.iwpd.org. American Physical Society 2007 March Meeting

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Unifying

the

Geometry of General Relativity with the

Virtual Particle Nature

of

Quantum Electrodynamics

John R. Laubenstein

IWPD Research Center

Naperville, Illinois

Tel: 630-428-9842

Email: [email protected]

www.iwpd.org

American Physical Society

2007 March Meeting

Denver, Colorado


We pose the question:

What if the universe is not best described by points – but, rather as two-dimensional rings that have been expanding since the origin of space and time?


This results in no conceptual change to Spacetime, but rather simply a change in the way we describe Spacetime.


  • The basic concept of String Theory is rather simply a change in the way we describe Spacetime.

  • projected beyond the Planck Scale to the

  • Macro-World

  • One spatial dimension is expressed

  • through two-dimensional rings (or rods)

  • and not as points

  • Time is measured through the expansion

  • of these rings (or rods).


This ring has been dubbed as the rather simply a change in the way we describe Spacetime.“Energime”

The properties of the energime are manifested in one of three fundamental quantum values:


The Equivalence of Time and a Spatial Dimension through 2D “Rods” or “Rings”

(a) (b) (c)

(a) Light cone with dashed lines showing passage of time

(b) Cylinder defined by two-dimensions of space and “time-lines”

(c) Geometric conversion of the surface area of a cylinder to a sphere depicting a 2-dimensional space defined by points (blue) and a third dimension manifested as rings and representing both the evolution of a spatial dimension and the passage of time




Rotating the 2D Surface Dimension and Time


Two-Dimensional Space Grid (2DSG) with rods extended outward from the planar surface defining both the 3rd spatial dimension along with the passage of time


Energime Field Associated with Massive Object from the planar surface defining both the 3


Distortion of Flat Space due to Massive Object from the planar surface defining both the 3


Changing from the planar surface defining both the 3

energime field

Massive

Object

Distortion of Flat Space due to Massive Object


  • Gravitational Force from the planar surface defining both the 3

  • Determined by a change in scale (gauge) between the Background Energime Field (BEF) and a Local Energime Field (LEF).



The “warping” of space and spacetime from the planar surface defining both the 3

LEF

BEF Velocity


Quantitatively: From Infinity from the planar surface defining both the 3

BEF = Unity (by definition)

LEF

BEF Velocity


Quantitatively: Between any from the planar surface defining both the 3

Two Points




The transfer (emission and absorption) Spacetime

of a quantum particle (energime)

Space and Spacetime

remain

flat

LEF

BEF

Energy and Momentum


Quantitative: The Addition of Energy (Mass) from a Gravitating Object

BEF Energy = Unity

LEF

BEF

Energy (mass) and Momentum


Quantitative: The LEF Momentum Due to a Gravitating Object Gravitating Object

BEF Momentum = 0

LEF

BEF

Energy (mass) and Momentum


The Emission and Absorption of a Force-Transmitting Particle Gravitating Object

The energy gain and momentum of a

free falling mass is determined exactly

by the LEF Energy and LEF

Momentum absorbed from the field

resulting in the velocity of an object

in flat space and spacetime

LEF

BEF

Energy (mass) and Momentum


Geometry Gravitating Object

Particle

LEF

BEFVelocity

Velocity due to

the absorption of Energy and Momentum from the Field

LEF

BEF


  • Gravity and Electrostatic Force Gravitating Object

  • Gravity is due to the propagation of a real

  • particle (energime) and is always attractive

  • Electrostatic Force is propagated through a

  • “virtual” particle that emits and absorbs

  • energy and momentum creating both an

  • attractive and repulsive force


  • Electrostatic Force Gravitating Object

  • The only other allowable force mitigating particle with an infinite reach has a mass of


K represents a proportionality constant for the given force field and is equal to:

Gravitational Force

Electrostatic Force


  • Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) field and is equal to:

  • Force is propagated through the exchange of

  • virtual photons

  • The path of these photons can be any one of

  • an infinite number of paths


  • Cosmological Accomplishments of field and is equal to:

  • Energime Theory

  • 14.2 Billion Years:predicted age of the universe

  • Dark Energy: provides a physical explanation

  • through the emission of free

  • energimes that expand vacuum

  • Accelerated Rate of Expansion: free energime

  • emission predicts an acceleration

  • rate in agreement with observation


Final Thought field and is equal to:

Is it possible that the universe is not best described by points – but, rather with ever expanding energime rings that change the way we describe Spacetime?

John R. Laubenstein

IWPD Research Center

Naperville, Illinois

Tel: 630-428-9842

Email: [email protected]

www.iwpd.org

American Physical Society

2007 March Meeting

Denver, Colorado


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